Climate simulation reveals precipitation isotope changes in Asian monsoon and arid regions for the past 300,000 years

Climate simulation reveals the regional differences and controlling factors of precipitation isotope changes in Asian monsoon an
Locations of the arid Central Asia region (CA), monsoonal South Asia (SA) and East Asia (EA), as well as annual cycles of precipitation oxygen stable isotope ratio, precipitation and surface air temperature in the CA, SA, and EA regions. Credit: Science China Press

Stable isotopes in precipitation are important indicators for studying changes in the Earth's water cycle and reconstructing the paleoclimate history. Previous studies have shown that the precipitation stable isotopes in Asia recorded in stalagmites and other sediments have prominent periodic change patterns on the 10,000-year scale (orbital scale) in geological periods, but in the scientific community there are still controversies about the climatological significance indicated by the precipitation isotope changes in different parts of Asia.

In an article entitled "Model-based distinct characteristics and mechanisms of orbital-scale precipitation δ18O variations in Asian monsoon and during late Quaternary" which was just published in National Science Review, scientists from China and the U.S. revealed distinctly different variation characteristics and their controlling factors of precipitation oxygen stable isotope ratio (δ18Op) at the orbital scale in the arid Central Asia (CA), monsoonal South Asia (SA) and East Asia (EA). This study provides new insights for understanding the and formation mechanisms of long-term changes of precipitation isotopes in Asia.

In this study, a transient simulation covering the past 300,000 years was carried out with an isotope-enabled climate model, under time-varying climate forcing conditions including astronomical insolation, atmospheric greenhouse gases and global ice sheets.

The modeling results indicate that the variations of the CA, SA and EA annual δ18Op exhibit significant but asynchronous 23,000-year cycles (precession cycles). The δ18Op changes of the respective rainy season in CA (November-March) and SA (June-September) also have significant precession cycles, while the δ18Op change of the rainy season in EA (May-September) does not show precession cycles, suggesting that the annual δ18Op in the CA and SA regions mainly depends on the δ18Op variation of their rainy seasons, but it is different in the EA region.

  • Climate simulation reveals the regional differences and controlling factors of precipitation isotope changes in Asian monsoon an
    Power spectrum analysis results of the annual and rainy-season δ18Op, precipitation (Precip) and surface air temperature (Temp) series in the CA, SA and EA regions in the past 300,000 years. Credit: Science China Press
  • Climate simulation reveals the regional differences and controlling factors of precipitation isotope changes in Asian monsoon an
    Time series of the CA (a), SA (b), EA (c) annual δ18Op and the corresponding insolation in different months, as well as the phase relationships between the δ18Op minima (d) and climate forcing factors (e) in the precession band for the past 300,000 years. Credit: Science China Press

The precession-induced insolation changes in different months are the fundamental reason for the periodic and asynchronous variations of annual precipitation isotopes in the CA, SA and EA regions, but the physical processes involved are different. For the CA region where annual precipitation is dominated by the winter (rainy season) rainfall and snowfall, the rainy-season temperature effect and water vapor transport by the westerly circulation are identified as the key precession-scale processes linking the October-February boreal mid-latitude insolation to the rainy-season or annual δ18Op.

In the SA region where is dominated by the summer monsoon, the rainy-season precipitation amount effect and upstream depletion of the monsoonal water vapor isotope serve as the main mechanisms linking the or annual δ18Op to the April-July insolation variationat the precession scale. For the EA region, however, the precession-scale annual δ18Op is mainly controlled by the late-monsoon (August-September) and pre-monsoon (April-May) water vapor transport patterns, which are driven by the July-August insolation and the global ice volume, respectively.

"Our results suggest that the climatic implications of the orbital-scale Asian δ18Op variations are sensitive to their geographic locations, because they are determined by the combined effects of the precession-induced changes in the local climate elements and regional circulation patterns," says Dr. Xiaodong Liu, the lead author from the Institute of Earth Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences.

More information: Xiaodong Liu et al, Model-based distinct characteristics and mechanisms of orbital-scale precipitation δ18O variations in Asian monsoon and arid regions during late Quaternary, National Science Review (2022). DOI: 10.1093/nsr/nwac182

Citation: Climate simulation reveals precipitation isotope changes in Asian monsoon and arid regions for the past 300,000 years (2022, September 8) retrieved 3 December 2022 from https://phys.org/news/2022-09-climate-simulation-reveals-precipitation-isotope.html
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