Making and breaking of chemical bonds in single 'nanoconfined' molecules

Making and breaking of chemical bonds in single “nanoconfined” molecules
How the catalytically active molecules arranged themselves into almost perfect single-layer structures on a polished silver surface. Credit: Ole Bunjes

Researchers around the world are working to develop efficient materials to convert CO2 into usable chemical substances—work that is particularly pressing in view of global warming.

A team from the University of Göttingen, Germany, and the Ulsan National Institute for Science, South Korea, has discovered a new and promising approach: catalytically active molecules are nanoconfined—meaning they are put into an environment that leaves very little space for the —on a surface that serves as a conductive electron supplier.

These molecules promote specific . Such hybrid systems make use of both the properties of the molecules and the properties of the substrate. The results were published in Science Advances.

The first step for the team was to deposit the catalytically as a vapor onto polished silver before examining them with a high-resolution scanning tunneling microscope built in Göttingen. "To our absolute astonishment, the molecules arrange themselves, as if by magic, into almost perfect single-layer structures on the surface," says Lucas Paul, Ph.D. student, University of Göttingen, and co-author of the study.

"In addition to imaging individual molecules, the energy of the injected electrons can be adjusted so precisely in the scanning tunneling microscope that chemical reactions can be induced and observed in a single molecule," explains physicist Professor Martin Wenderoth. Wenderoth led the project together with chemist Professor Inke Siewert, at the University of Göttingen's Collaborative Research Centre 1073 "Atomic Scale Control of Energy Conversion." Siewert adds that they "are able to very precisely break individual chemical bonds."

The researchers show that molecules that are particularly densely packed on the surface have altered . Thus, exclusively for the "trapped" molecules the bond can be broken and subsequently also restored, since the separated part of the molecule can only move very slightly away from the rest of the molecule. "This shows how a lack of space, at an , can be used to manipulate chemical reactions," says first author Ole Bunjes, University of Göttingen.

The research team wants their experiments to contribute to the development of efficient molecular surface systems with precisely determined properties. In addition, they want to investigate whether their new system is suitable as a molecular data memory.


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More information: Ole Bunjes et al, Making and breaking of chemical bonds in single nanoconfined molecules, Science Advances (2022). DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.abq7776
Journal information: Science Advances

Citation: Making and breaking of chemical bonds in single 'nanoconfined' molecules (2022, September 14) retrieved 25 September 2022 from https://phys.org/news/2022-09-chemical-bonds-nanoconfined-molecules.html
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