Study reveals key genes involved in production of industrial enzymes and biomass recycling

Study reveals key genes involved in production of ins
Growth of T. longibrachiatum LC and its cellulase hyper-producing mutants (LC-M4 and LC-M16) on agar plates after 3 days of incubation. A Comparison of colony diameters between T. longibrachiatum LC, LC-M4 and LC-M16; B photographs of T. longibrachiatum colonies on avicel and CMC-Na plates. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001. Error bar standard deviation of three replicates. Credit: Biotechnology for Biofuels and Bioproducts (2022). DOI: 10.1186/s13068-022-02161-7

Researchers at the Institute of Modern Physics (IMP) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), have made progress in the study of heavy ion mutagenesis breeding and the cellulase synthetic mechanism of enzyme-producing strains. The results have been published in Biotechnology for Biofuels and Bioproducts.

Cellulase, accounting for the world's third-largest share of industrial enzyme market after amylase and protease, is widely used in many fields. However, the industrial use of cellulase still faces challenges including the poor productivity of strains, incomplete enzyme , high cost of cellulase production and incomplete regulation mechanism of cellulase synthesis and metabolism. Therefore, the mutagenesis breeding of excellent strains by heavy ion irradiation and integrative omics analysis is of great importance for the development of cellulase and biomass energy industry.

Trichoderma longibrachiatum (T. longibrachiatum) plays an essential role in the production of industrial enzymes and biomass recycling. In the study, researchers from the Biophysics Group of IMP used the T. longibrachiatum LC strain to breed mutant strains.

Researchers irradiated the non-model industrial enzyme-producing strain of T. longibrachiatum LC strains by heavy-ion beams, and obtained two excellent mutant strains, LC-M4 and LC-M16. It was found that the FPase activities of LC-M4 and LC-M16 increased by 46.91% and 35.5% compared with that of the wild strain, respectively.

Researchers then obtained the overlapped genes from the integrative analysis, and identified that the significant alterations in pathways related to the processing modification and secretion in mutant strains is the main reason for cellulase hyper-production in LC-M4 and LC-M16 mutants. Also, they obtained the key candidate genes that affect the cellulase synthesis and secretion through the coalition analysis, which could be used for the design and modification of genetic engineering of strains.

Furthermore, researchers constructed a model of the secretion pathway of cellulase protein on the basis of the differentially expressed genes, proteins and key candidate genes obtained in this study. This model supplemented the process of cellulase metabolism regulation and synthesis secretion pathway of filamentous fungal.

The omics data obtained from this study could enrich omics resources of non-model industrial -producing strains.

More information: Miaoyin Dong et al, Integrative transcriptome and proteome analyses of Trichoderma longibrachiatum LC and its cellulase hyper-producing mutants generated by heavy ion mutagenesis reveal the key genes involved in cellulolytic enzymes regulation, Biotechnology for Biofuels and Bioproducts (2022). DOI: 10.1186/s13068-022-02161-7

Citation: Study reveals key genes involved in production of industrial enzymes and biomass recycling (2022, August 2) retrieved 26 January 2023 from https://phys.org/news/2022-08-reveals-key-genes-involved-production.html
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