Novel chromosome engineering materials provide resistance to Ug99 for wheat breeders

Novel chromosome engineering materials provide resistance to Ug99 for wheat breeders
The karyotype of wheat-rye addition lines and assessment of resistance to Ug99. Credit: IGDB

In a recent study published online in Theoretical and Applied Genetics, Dr. Han Fangpu's group from the Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences has reported the establishment of new wheat-rye addition lines that conferred resistance to Ug99.

Ug99, a new strain of Puccinia graminis f. sp. Tritici, is virulent to several cultivars worldwide and a significant threat to global food security. Consequently, it is of great significance and urgency to mine new resistance gene sources and transfer them into wheat. Rye, a close relative of wheat, is resistant to leaf rust, stripe rust, stem rust and . It has become a valuable resource of several broad-spectrum disease resistance genes for improvements in wheat genetics.

In this study, the researchers developed two completely new sets of wheat-rye disomic addition lines by molecular cytogenetic methods. Subsequently, a new set of telosomic addition lines was obtained from the progenies of wheat-rye monosomic addition lines.

They discovered that the wheat-rye 3RL telosomic addition line carried a novel resistance gene to Ug99 through assessments of disease resistance, cytological analysis, and molecular markers. Therefore, the new Ug99 resistance gene can be used for wheat breeding in the future.

In addition, various chromosomal and centromeric variations are induced by wheat-rye distant hybridization. This process results in ring chromosomes, minichromosomes, dicentric chromosomes, and tricentric chromosomes from the progenies of wheat-rye hybrids.

These provide valuable genetic resources for studying the structure, activation/inactivation and function of centromere. These resources will provide important genetic diversity for future wheat-rye hybrid offspring, as well as clues to the discovery of other Ug99 resistance to be introduced into wheat in the future.

More information: Chang Liu et al, Establishment of a set of wheat-rye addition lines with resistance to stem rust, Theoretical and Applied Genetics (2022). DOI: 10.1007/s00122-022-04127-7

Citation: Novel chromosome engineering materials provide resistance to Ug99 for wheat breeders (2022, June 22) retrieved 27 May 2024 from https://phys.org/news/2022-06-chromosome-materials-resistance-ug99-wheat.html
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.

Explore further

Genetic options allow scientists to transfer rust resistance from one plant to another

31 shares

Feedback to editors