Implementation and reconfiguration of magnetic skyrmions-based logic gates in one single nanotrack

Implementation and reconfiguration of magnetic skyrmions-based logic gates in one single nanotrack
(a) Illustrations of Néel-type magnetic skyrmions with different topological charge and helicity number. (b) Skyrmions-based single-nanotrack logic device with two inputs at both ends and one output in the middle. Credit: Science China Press

In one single nanotrack, a research team has achieved the annihilation, fusion and shunting of two skyrmions with opposite chirality via local reversal of the DMI, as well as the pinning effect of energy barriers on skyrmions.

This study was led by Prof. Hongxin Yang (Ningbo Institute of Materials Technology and Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences) and Dr. Dongxing Yu (Ningbo Institute of Materials Technology and Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences). First-principles calculations were conducted by Prof. Hongxin Yang, and micromagnetic simulations of magnetic skyrmion dynamics were performed by Dongxing Yu.

"These dynamical behaviors of magnetic skyrmions are very feasible for the design of magnetic skyrmion-based spintronic devices such as gates, transistors, complementary racetrack memory, etc.," Prof. Hongxin Yang says. With the increase of chiral multiferroic materials and the emergence of DMI chirality switching mechanism, the magnetic skyrmions-based logic gates will hopefully be simplified to one single nanotrack and achieve the complete reconstruction of Boolean logic gates.

Dr. Dongxing Yu, Prof. Hongxin Yang, Prof. Mairbek Chshiev, together with Nobel Laureate physicist Prof. Albert Fert, explored the connection between the reconstruction of logic gates and the dynamics of magnetic skyrmions. By locally controlling the DMI chirality, the team reconstructed the non-volatile energy barriers to switch various magnetic skyrmion dynamic phenomena, allowing the implementation and reconfiguration of logic functions including AND, OR, NOT, NAND, NOR, XOR and XNOR.

Implementation and reconfiguration of magnetic skyrmions-based logic gates in one single nanotrack
XOR/OR/NAND operations of the reconfigurable nanotrack by turning the switch (a) to idle, (b) to 1 and (c) to 2, respectively. XNOR/NOR/AND functions can be converted from the above logic gates by switching the magnetization of the fixed layer in the magnetic tunnel junction (output-MTJ) and only half of the NAND gate can be used to realize the NOT gate. Credit: Science China Press

"Any two of these functions or operations can be easily transformed from one to another by switching the chirality of the DMI using voltage control in one single nanotrack, and skyrmions can be recycled after each operation," Dongxing Yu says. Based on the pinning and depinning function of non-volatile energy barriers, the team also simulated the "on" and "off" states of a skyrmion transistor and bit reset. "This will be a beneficial exploration of the construction of by manipulating topologically non-trivial magnetic structures such as magnetic skyrmions," Hongxin Yang says.

Compared to other reconfigurable logic gates requiring a combination of multiple strips or a cascade of simple functions to perform two or more logic , this study realized the implementation and reconfiguration of seven kinds of logic functions into one single nanotrack through micromagnetic simulations, thereby further simplifying the design of the spin-based logic devices and promoting the potential application of magnetic skyrmions-based in the field of information processing.

The research was published in National Science Review.


Explore further

Deterministically integrated manipulation of magnetic skyrmions achieved in nanostructured device

More information: Dongxing Yu et al, Skyrmions-based logic gates in one single nanotrack completely reconstructed via chirality barrier, National Science Review (2022). DOI: 10.1093/nsr/nwac021
Citation: Implementation and reconfiguration of magnetic skyrmions-based logic gates in one single nanotrack (2022, May 6) retrieved 26 May 2022 from https://phys.org/news/2022-05-reconfiguration-magnetic-skyrmions-based-logic-gates.html
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
55 shares

Feedback to editors