Pervaporation membranes show promise for alkaline wastewater reclamation

Pervaporation membranes show promise for alkaline wastewater reclamation
A (CMC-Na/GA)/PE composite membrane was prepared by spray-coating and showed excellent property for alkali water reclamation. Credit: Jianzhong Xia, Pei Li

Industrial processes often generate a large amount of alkaline waste solutions. The existing alkali treatment processes require high investment, and are complicated and have a low rate of efficiency. Membrane technology has the advantages of high efficiency and energy savings. However, current polymeric membrane materials are not strong enough in harsh alkaline environments. To solve this problem, Prof. Li Pei from Beijing University of Chemical Technology and Dr. Jianzhong Xia from Shenzhen University have developed an alkali-resistance pervaporation membrane. The relevant work was published in Frontiers of Chemical Science and Engineering on March 28, 2022.

In this work, they synthesized a super alkali-resistant polymer-sodium carboxymethyl cellulose, and coated it on top of a chemical stable polyethylene porous substrate. They also created a spray-coating technology to solve the incompatible problem between the hydrophobic polyethylene layer and the sodium carboxymethyl cellulose layer. Pervaporation flux of the composite membrane reached 35 ± 2 kg·m−2·h−1 with a sodium chloride rejection of 99.9% ± 0.1% when separating a 3.5 wt-% sodium chloride solution at 70 °C. The desalination performance was stable after soaking the membrane in a 20 wt-% NaOH solution at for 9 days and in a 10 wt-% NaOH solution at 60 °C for 80 h. Moreover, the membrane was stable in 4 wt-% and a 500 mg·L−1 sodium hypochlorite solution. In a process of concentrating a NaOH solution from 5 to 10 wt-% at 60 °C, an average water flux of 23 kg·m−2·h−1 with a NaOH rejection over 99.98% was obtained.

Because the composite membrane has excellent alkali resistance, the membrane material shows good application prospects in alkali concentration in papermaking, the electroplating industry, water resource recovery in the coal chemical industry, and in the alumina production industry.


Explore further

Spill at a nuclear facility shows potential burn risks from a household chemical

More information: Guiqin Bai et al, Fabrication of high-performance pervaporation composite membrane for alkaline wastewater reclamation, Frontiers of Chemical Science and Engineering (2021). DOI: 10.1007/s11705-021-2078-2
Provided by Higher Education Press
Citation: Pervaporation membranes show promise for alkaline wastewater reclamation (2022, April 12) retrieved 29 June 2022 from https://phys.org/news/2022-04-pervaporation-membranes-alkaline-wastewater-reclamation.html
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
7 shares

Feedback to editors