How Google searches reveal the hidden cost of lockdown
The number of people searching online for topics that are related to boredom, loneliness and worry rose sharply at the beginning of the first lockdown, a new study shows.
Experts examined Google Trends data from 10 countries across Europe and the United States and found search patterns suggested lockdown had "severely affected" mental health.
They tracked how often people searched on Google for terms such as panic, divorce, suicide, boredom and wellbeing.
When compared to the same period in 2019, the number of searches in Europe at the time of the lockdown in 2020 for boredom rose by 93 percent, loneliness 40 percent and worry 27 percent. In America, the number of searches at the time of the lockdown in 2020 for boredom rose by 57 percent, loneliness by 16 percent and worry by 12 percent.
Researchers found results were similar whether countries, states or cities went into full or partial lockdown, suggesting that any form of restrictions had a substantial impact on wellbeing.
Nick Powdthavee, Professor of Behavioural Science, is one of the authors of the paper and specializes in the economics of wellbeing. He said: "Our findings indicate that people's mental health may have been severely affected by the pandemic and lockdown.
"There was a substantial increase in searches for boredom, loneliness and worry. However, we did see a significant drop in searches for suicide, divorce and stress.
"It may be necessary to make sure support is provided to help those struggling most with lockdown."
The research by economists from the University of Ottawa, Warwick Business School, Paris School of Economics, and Aix-Marseille was published in the paper COVID-19, lockdowns and well-being: Evidence from Google Trends in the Journal of Public Economics.
Researchers analyzed Google search data from the UK, US, Ireland, Austria, Belgium, France, Italy, Luxembourg, Portugal and Spain between January 2019 and April 2020.
That allowed them to compare how often people searched for 13 key terms just before lockdown, after they were ordered to stay home, and during the same period 12 months earlier.
Professor Abel Brodeur, of the University of Ottawa, said: "We did see the number of searches for sadness revert towards the norm, perhaps reflecting hopes that lockdown would be relatively short-lived.
"However, the effects on boredom and worry have not dissipated over time and this snapshot of wellbeing in the first weeks of lockdown does not account for potential fatigue as individuals grow increasingly tired of self-regulating as time passes.
"That is particularly relevant as many countries are going through a second wave of the pandemic and are facing fresh restrictions."
More information: Abel Brodeur et al. COVID-19, lockdowns and well-being: Evidence from Google Trends, Journal of Public Economics (2020). DOI: 10.1016/j.jpubeco.2020.104346
Journal information: Journal of Public Economics
Provided by University of Warwick