Engineers create 'smart' aerogel that turns air into drinking water

Engineers create ‘smart’ aerogel that turns air into drinking water
The water-producing aerogel is invented by a team of six researchers led by Professor Ho Ghim Wei (left). Two of them are Dr Gamze Yilmaz (centre) and Dr Fan Lu Meng (right). Credit: National University of Singapore

Some say future wars will be fought over water, and a billion people around the world are already struggling to find enough water to live. Now, researchers at the National University of Singapore (NUS) have created a substance that extracts water from air without any external power source.

In the Earth's atmosphere, there is that can fill almost half a trillion Olympic swimming pools. But it has long been overlooked as a source for .

To extract water from this under-used source, a team led by Professor Ho Ghim Wei from the NUS Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering created a type of aerogel,a solid material that weighs almost nothing. Under the microscope, it looks like a sponge, but it does not have to be squeezed to release the water it absorbs from the air. It also does not need a battery. In a humid environment, one kilogram of it will produce 17 liters of water a day.

The trick is in the long, snakelike molecules, known as polymers, building up the aerogel. The special long-chain polymer consists of a sophisticated that can continuously switch between attracting water and repelling water. The 'smart' aerogel autonomously gathers water molecules from the air, condenses them into a liquid and releases the water. When there is sunshine, the smart structure can further boost the water release by transitioning to a complete water-hating state. And it is very good at that. 95 percent of the water vapor that goes into the aerogel comes out as water. In , the gave water non-stop for months.

The researchers tested the water, and found that it met World Health Organization's standards for drinking water.

Other scientists have previously devised ways to extract water from air, but their designs had to be powered by sunlight or electricity, and had moving parts that had to be opened and closed.

The NUS researchers published their creation in the journal Science Advances on 16 October 2020. They are now looking for industry partners to scale it up for domestic or industrial use. Maybe it could even find a place in endurance sports or survival kits, for example.

"Given that atmospheric water is continuously replenished by the global hydrological cycle, our invention offers a promising solution for achieving sustainable freshwater production in a variety of climatic conditions, at minimal energy cost," said Professor Ho.


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More information: G. Yilmaz et al. Autonomous atmospheric water seeping MOF matrix, Science Advances (2020). DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.abc8605
Journal information: Science Advances

Citation: Engineers create 'smart' aerogel that turns air into drinking water (2021, January 19) retrieved 27 February 2021 from https://phys.org/news/2021-01-smart-aerogel-air.html
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