Matrix imaging: an innovation for improving ultrasound resolution

Matrix imaging: an innovation for improving ultrasound resolution
Conventional and matrix ultrasound images of a volunteer’s calf. Matrix correction of aberrations reveals structures that were previously invisible or had poor resolution in a conventional ultrasound (especially in the areas inside the white lines). Credit: Walter et al./PNAS

In conventional ultrasounds, variations in soft tissue structure distort ultrasound wavefronts. They blur the image and can hence prove detrimental to medical diagnosis. Researchers at the Institut Langevin (CNRS/ESPCI Paris-PSL)1 have developed a new non-invasive ultrasound method that avoids such aberrations.

In an article published in the journal PNAS on 10 June 2020, the scientists showed how this method can subtly compensate for the distortions that a focused wave undergoes as it travels through the studied tissue, with an ideal resolution and contrast optimized for each pixel in the image. This approach can be extended to any type of wave, and can be controlled by a multi-sensor network. Applications range from biomedical diagnosis to , detection of cracks in , and the monitoring of volcanoes and fault zones in geophysics.

This imaging method, known as matrix imaging, was also the subject of an article published recently in the journal Physical Review X, as it can also help develop new approaches to imaging. This research was funded by an ERC Consolidator grant (no. 819261) as part of the European Union's Horizon 2020 Programme for Research and Innovation, and led to the filing of a patent by the CNRS, published in February 2020 (WO2020016250A1).


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More information: William Lambert et al. Distortion matrix approach for ultrasound imaging of random scattering media, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (2020). DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1921533117

William Lambert et al. Reflection Matrix Approach for Quantitative Imaging of Scattering Media, Physical Review X (2020). DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevX.10.021048

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Citation: Matrix imaging: an innovation for improving ultrasound resolution (2020, June 11) retrieved 10 August 2020 from https://phys.org/news/2020-06-matrix-imaging-ultrasound-resolution.html
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