Two new extinct primate species are found in the Ethiopia site of Gona

Two new extinct primate species are found in the Ethiopia site of Gona
Maxillae of Kuseracolobus aramisi from Gona. Credit: CENIEH

Sileshi Semaw from the Centro Nacional de Investigación sobre la Evolución Humana (CENIEH), is coauthor of a paper published in the Journal of Human Evolution about a large series of fossil cercopithecid primates named Pliopapio alemui and Kuseracolobus aramisi, two different new primate species dated between 4.8 and 4.3 million years ago known only from Gona and the Middle Awash study area in Ethiopia.

The include upper jaws, mandibles and postcrania found from deposits that also yielded Ardipithecus ramidus, a first identified in the Middle Awash study area located to the south of Gona. Based on abundance of various animal species, including monkeys, the ancient environment in which Ardipithecus ramidus lived was argued to be in a closed habitat with forests.

In addition to providing important information on the biological evolution of monkeys, these fossil discoveries provide critical information about the ancient environment in which Ardipithecus ramidus lived. Remarkably, differences in relative abundance of these fossil monkeys showed that at Gona Ardipithecus ramidus lived in open wooded habitats, which is different from the closed forested habitat documented in the Middle Awash.

"Therefore, our study shows environmental differences in the areas inhabited by Aridpithecus ramidus, one of the earliest hominins that lived at Gona and in the Middle Awash 4.5 million years ago," says Sileshi Semaw.

Two new extinct primate species are found in the Ethiopia site of Gona
Mandibles of Kuseracolobus aramisi from Gona. Credit: CENIEH

A site of Ardipithecus

Gona is one of the two palaeoanthropological sites in Africa where the hominin species known as Ardipithecus ramidus) has been discovered. Ardipithecus ramidus is among the earliest bipedal hominin species (walking on two feet) that lived in East Africa. Only two other hominin species known as Ardipithecus kaddaba (dated to 6.0 million years ago) and Sahelanthropus tchadensis (from Tchad in Central Africa dated to 7.0 million years ago) are older than Ardipithecus ramidus. Also Ardipithecus kadabba, dated to more than 6.0 million years ago, has also been discovered at Gona.


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More information: Stephen R. Frost et al. Fossil Cercopithecidae from the Early Pliocene Sagantole Formation at Gona, Ethiopia, Journal of Human Evolution (2020). DOI: 10.1016/j.jhevol.2020.102789
Journal information: Journal of Human Evolution

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Citation: Two new extinct primate species are found in the Ethiopia site of Gona (2020, June 3) retrieved 19 September 2021 from https://phys.org/news/2020-06-extinct-primate-species-ethiopia-site.html
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