Synthesis of pure single layer of blue phosphorus could be useful for semiconduction

Synthesis of silicon intercalated monolayer blue phosphorus
(Left) Figure shows the scanning tunnelling microscopy (STM) image of blue phosphorus−gold (BlueP-Au) alloy grown on gold (111) substrate. (Right) Figure shows the STM image of the single layer blue phosphorus (BlueP). The structure is not completely flat but regularly buckled. Credit: ACS Nano

NUS chemists have developed a method to synthesize monolayer blue phosphorus for potential semiconductor applications.

The ability to design and produce materials synthetically could complement the library of naturally occurring layered solids and provide opportunities to develop new materials with suited for specialized applications. The class of two-dimensional (2-D) elemental materials is particularly interesting as they represent the chemically simplest case for materials development, and serve as a model system for exploring on-surface synthesis mechanisms. One such 2-D materials is blue , which has been calculated to possess a large band gap suitable for use in optoelectronic devices.

A research team led by Prof Chen Wei from the Department of Chemistry and Department of Physics, NUS has demonstrated experimentally that an atomically-thin of pure blue phosphorus can be obtained from intercalation of a blue phosphorus-gold (BlueP-Au) alloy. A single layer of BlueP-Au alloy was prepared by depositing bulk black phosphorus precursors onto a heated gold (111) surface. Silicon molecules were subsequently evaporated from a heated silicon rod. These inserted themselves below the BlueP-Au alloy and formed a gold silicide buffer layer, breaking the molecular bonds between the phosphorus and gold atoms, thereby leading to the formation of a pure single layer of blue phosphorus on the surface.

Prof Chen said, "Future research work would be directed towards the isolation of the blue phosphorus monolayer from the substrate to study its performance in electronic devices. We also envisage that our findings will provide insights on the essential roles played by the substrate for 2-D phosphorene growth."

The findings provide a platform to further explore the exotic properties predicted for blue phosphorus, and advance research on its practical applications.


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More information: Jia Lin Zhang et al. Synthesis of Monolayer Blue Phosphorus Enabled by Silicon Intercalation, ACS Nano (2020). DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.0c00822
Journal information: ACS Nano

Citation: Synthesis of pure single layer of blue phosphorus could be useful for semiconduction (2020, April 27) retrieved 12 July 2020 from https://phys.org/news/2020-04-synthesis-pure-layer-blue-phosphorus.html
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