Charge model for calculating the photo-excited states of one-dimensional Mott insulators
Assistant Professor Ohmura Shu and Professor Takahashi Akira of the Nagoya Institute of Technology and others have developed a charge model to describe photo-excited states of one-dimensional Mott insulators under the JST Strategic Basic Research Programs. They have also succeeded in constructing a many-body Wannier function as the localized basis state of the photo-excited states and calculating large-system, optical conductivity spectra that can be compared with experimental results.
There has been growing interest in recent years in how the electronic state of a strongly correlated electron system changes on ultrafast time-scales through electric field application or photo-irradiation. For example, experiments demonstrate that when a Mott insulator is excited with a strong light, holons and doublons are created and metallize swiftly. To understand this physical mechanism, it is necessary to conduct a theoretical calculation of the wave function of the system. The electronic state of a strongly correlated electron system can be described with an extended Hubbard model. However, given the capacity of existing computers, it was not possible to calculate the wave function for a large system that can be compared with experimental results or to use it to obtain the light spectrum even for one-dimensional systems with the simplest of electronic states.
Therefore, a charge model has been developed under the one-dimensional extended Hubbard model that can be used to accurately handle charge fluctuation in addition to the spin-charge separation characteristics of one-dimensional Mott insulators. By comparing the precisely calculated optical conductivity spectra of the extended Hubbard model and the charge model, it was demonstrated that charge fluctuation is essential to the description of the photo-excited states and that the charge model is effective. Moreover, a many-body Wannier function that integrated the effects of electron-electron interactions by applying information science methods to the charge model was constructed, resulting in the successful acquisition of optical conductivity spectra for systems consisting of more than 100 atoms or molecules that could be directly compared with experimental results.
The information-science technology used in this research should be applicable to the theoretical analysis of photo-induced phenomena of a wide variety of strongly correlated electron systems. This discovery of the mechanism of the photo-induced electron dynamics is expected to lead to the development of ultrahigh-speed optical devices using strongly correlated electron systems.