Scientists discover new state of matter

Scientists discover new state of matter

A team of physicists has uncovered a new state of matter—a breakthrough that offers promise for increasing storage capabilities in electronic devices and enhancing quantum computing.

"Our research has succeeded in revealing for a new state of matter—topological superconductivity," says Javad Shabani, an assistant professor of physics at New York University. "This new topological state can be manipulated in ways that could both speed calculation in and boost storage."

The discovery, reported in a paper on arXiv, was conducted with Igor Zutic at the University of Buffalo and Alex Matos-Abiague at Wayne State University.

The work centers on quantum computing—a method that can make calculations at significantly faster rates than can conventional computing. This is because conventional computers process digital bits in the form of 0s and 1s while quantum computers deploy quantum bits (qubits) to tabulate any value between 0 and 1, exponentially lifting the capacity and speed of data processing.

In their research, Shabani and his colleagues analyzed a transition of quantum state from its conventional state to a new topological state, measuring the energy barrier between these states. They supplemented this by directly measuring signature characteristics of this transition in the order parameter that governs the new topological superconductivity phase.

Here, they focused the inquiry on Majorana particles, which are their own antiparticles—substances with the same mass, but with the opposite physical charge. Scientists see value in Majorana particles because of their potential to store in a special computation space where quantum information is protected from the environment noise. However, there is no natural host material for these particles, also known as Majorana fermions. As a result, researchers have sought to engineer platforms—i.e., new forms of matter—on which these calculations could be conducted.

"The new discovery of in a two-dimensional platform paves the way for building scalable topological qubits to not only store quantum information, but also to manipulate the quantum states that are free of error," observes Shabani.


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More information: William Mayer et al. "Phase signature of topological transition in Josephson Junctions," arXiv:1906.01179v1 [cond-mat.mes-hall] 2019. arxiv.org/pdf/1906.01179.pdf
Citation: Scientists discover new state of matter (2019, August 15) retrieved 19 September 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-08-scientists-state.html
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Aug 15, 2019
Something definable with proper physics. There only exists E field centers, Infinite spherical E Fields. Go figure!

Aug 15, 2019
Matter? These centers create matter. New?

Aug 15, 2019
However, there is no natural host material for these particles, also known as Majorana fermions.

I thought the superconductivity of 2d graphene was because the electrons behaved as theoretical Majorana particles?

Aug 17, 2019
"The new discovery of topological superconductivity in a two-dimensional platform paves the way for building scalable topological qubits to not only store quantum information, but also to manipulate the quantum states that are free of error. " -- Javad Shabani
Problem solved.

Aug 23, 2019
take the time dimension out of matter and you get new state of matter that tends towards superconductivity chk out my papers https://www.scrib...savvys84

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