Europe warming faster than expected due to climate change

Europe warming faster than expected due to climate change
A satellite image of the heat energy emitted from Europe during 25 July 2019 shows this summer's highest extremes. Credit: Copernicus Sentinel data (2019) ESA - Copernicus Sentinel data (2019)

Climate change is increasing the number of days of extreme heat and decreasing the number of days of extreme cold in Europe, posing a risk for residents in the coming decades, according to a new study.

Temperatures in Europe have hit record highs this summer, passing 46.0 degrees Celsius (114.8 degrees Fahrenheit) in southern France. New research in the AGU journal Geophysical Research Letters finds the number of summer days with extreme has tripled since 1950 and summers have become hotter overall, while the number of winter days with extreme cold decreased in frequency by at least half and winters have become warmer overall.

The new study finds parts of Europe are warming faster than models project.

"Even at this regional scale over Europe, we can see that these trends are much larger than what we would expect from natural variability. That's really a signal from ," said Ruth Lorenz, a climate scientist at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich, Switzerland, and lead author of the new study.

Extreme heat is dangerous because it stresses the human body, potentially leading to heat exhaustion or heat stroke. Scientists knew climate change was warming Europe, but they mostly studied long-term changes in . The new study looked at observational data to evaluate whether the climate models used for regional projections can reproduce observed trends.

In the new study, Lorenz and her colleagues used taken by European weather stations from 1950-2018 and then analyzed the top 1% of the hottest heat extremes and highest humidity extremes, and the top 1% coldest days during that period.

"We looked further at the hottest day or coldest night per year, so for each year we looked for the maximum/minimum value and how these changed over time," Lorenz said.

Europe warming faster than expected due to climate change
Daily maximum temperature (TXx) and daily minimum temperature (TNn) mean trends for weather across Europe. The three regions are Northern Europe (NEU), Central Europe (CEU), and the Mediterranean (MED). Credit: Lorenz et al/Geophysical Research Letters/AGU.

They found the number of days in Europe has tripled since 1950, while the number of extreme cold days decreased by factors of two or three depending on the region. Extremely hot days have become hotter by an average of 2.30 degrees Celsius (4.14 degrees Fahrenheit), while extremely cold days have warmed by 3.0 degrees Celsius (5.4 degrees Fahrenheit) on average. The hottest days and coldest nights warmed significantly more than their corresponding summer and winter mean temperatures.

Individual regions throughout Europe experienced drastically different temperature trends, which makes it difficult to compare the average European temperatures to specific stations' extremes, according to the authors. In Central Europe, the extremes warmed by 0.14 degrees Celsius (0.25 degrees Fahrenheit) per decade more than the summer mean, equivalent to an almost 1.0 degree Celsius (1.8 degree Fahrenheit) increase more than the average over the whole study period, according to Lorenz.

More than 90% of the weather stations studied showed the climate was warming, a percentage too high to purely be from natural climate variability, according to the researchers.

The results also showed that the region was warming faster than climate models projected. Some regions experienced higher extremes than expected and some had lower extremes that expected.

"In the Netherlands, Belgium, France, the model trends are about two times lower than the observed trends," said Geert Jan van Oldenborgh, a climate analysist at the Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute in De Bilt, Netherlands, who was not connected to the new study. "We're reaching new records faster than you'd expect."

European summers and winters will only grow hotter in the coming years as climate change accelerates, impacting cities and people unprepared for rising temperatures, according to the study authors.

"Lots of people don't have air conditioning for instance and it makes this really important," Lorenz said. "We expected results based on modeling studies but it's the first time we see it in what we've observed so far."


Explore further

The heat goes on: June toastiest on record, July may follow

More information: Ruth Lorenz et al, Detection of a Climate Change Signal in Extreme Heat, Heat Stress, and Cold in Europe From Observations, Geophysical Research Letters (2019). DOI: 10.1029/2019GL082062
Journal information: Geophysical Research Letters

Citation: Europe warming faster than expected due to climate change (2019, August 28) retrieved 16 September 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-08-europe-faster-due-climate.html
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
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Aug 28, 2019
Another display of concern about "climate change". But, in fact, those who claim to care really don't.
Unlike those with real concern, those who claim of care accept without question what they are told to believe. None of them saw data leading to "conclusions' of "climate change'. None saw evidence that any data used is authentic and not a fraud. None saw evidence that it had to have been caused by "fossil fuels"!
The models used here were evidently sufficient to provide results elsewhere in the world. Why is Europe behaving so differently? It seems that it's because chemtrail activity has increased there. Note the reference to the time period after 1950. The Fifties is when chemtrailing began.
It's chemtrails causing the denaturing of the atmosphere, not "fossil fuels"!

Aug 28, 2019
So does the leading light on CC want to hide all his figures?

Proof that CC is fake news?

https://www.zeroh...-lawsuit

Aug 28, 2019
None of them saw data leading to "conclusions' of "climate change'. None saw evidence that any data used is authentic and not a fraud.
julianpenrod

So are your actually claiming here the data collected, including all the said satellite data and ground temperature measurements all apparently showing the climate is getting warmer is in fact fraudulent as in data being made up as in that said data doesn't exist?
Yes or no?

If yes, give us here your evidence that the claimed data is made up and explain to us how that is credible given this claimed data comes from multiple sources and via numerous people with very wide and conflicting interests and thus highly unlikely to effectively all be part of this this vast global mass conspiracy.

If no, then you make no point as you don't deny the evidence for climate change and the rest of your post is irrelevant.

Aug 28, 2019
No question it's still warming up from the Little Ice Age. Has it warmed to equal the Medieval Climate Optimum? Are their dairy farms on Greenland? Are the Inunit cultivating barley and wheat and making their own beer?

Scotland has loads of fruit orchards but doesn't cultivate cluster grapes because it takes >100 days of sun with temperatures above 27C. Still too cold. But wine from grapes was produced in Scotland and Caledonia and Poland 1000 years ago when it was warm, during the Climate Optimum. There's a reason it's called an Optimum, btw.

Has it warmed to equal the Holocene Thermal Maximum? Call and let me know.


Aug 28, 2019
The Fifties is when chemtrailing began.


Jets began in the 50's, they're CONDENSATION TRAILS from jet engines you moron.

Aug 28, 2019
from the paper ,
. Likewise, we also reduce the sensitivity to potential inhomogeneities at individual stations. Finally, most observational studies focus on temperature only, whereas we here account for the effect of ambient humidity on heat stress, which is potentially relevant for health and labor productivity''

forget the UHI

''We use daily mean (TG), daily maximum (TX), daily minimum temperature (TN), and daily relative humidity (HU) from the European Climate Assessment & Dataset (ECA&D, Klein Tank et al., 2002). This data set provides quality‚Äźcontrolled station data ''

no bias there i guess [sic]

and they start in 1950 a low .

Aug 28, 2019
The Fifties is when chemtrailing began.


Jets began in the 50's, they're CONDENSATION TRAILS from jet engines you moron.


Technically, water is a chemical...

Aug 28, 2019
between julipetard & shoofly we are hearing from the yech! agitpropers
preaching their denial of reality ^ with other paid hypocrites such as the antivaxxers

all of whom are willing to condemn Humanity & the rest of the Earth;s biosphere to a miserable extinction
on behalf of
subservient hulipetard's
& groveling shoofly's
wahhabis masters

Aug 28, 2019
Meanwhile, in my hometown in the Netherlands, we had a day with a 40.6 degrees C maximum temperature last month. A full 2.5 degrees C. over the previous record. Which in turn was almost 2 degrees C. higher than the highest temperature recorded here in the 20th century.

Of course, the sharp-witted denialists are much smarter than I am, so they'll quickly point out to me that none of the above happened. In fact, The Netherlands doesn't even exist. It's a left-wing hoax to get their money.

Aug 28, 2019
Of course, the sharp-witted denialists are much smarter than I am, so they'll quickly point out to me that none of the above happened. In fact, The Netherlands doesn't even exist. It's a left-wing hoax to get their money.

Well, undeniably, what absolutely exists, is the shit between your ears that you believe is brains.

Aug 28, 2019
MOBILE PHONES and our daily temperatures

The first mobiles came out in 1985
but
its only these recent years mobiles can tell you the daily temperature
foreth
if anyone has not already noticed
it is this constant daily in your face temperatures
that
were not available
that are now making us aware
of the daily temperature
that
in the 70s we were not aware of
it is not that the temperatures were any different in the 70s
we just could not look up these temperatures on our Samsung A10s in the 70s

Aug 28, 2019
ahh.poor auntieoral
clucking her distress at being confromted with verifiable facts

her loud skwacking would be from her laying yet another ostrich egg of ignorance & lies

auntieoral, she lies as she lays

Aug 28, 2019
gosh granny, pity you kept falling asleep in your history & math classes

yet for all your mystical foresight & peering deep into your crystal orb?
you failed to predict where to invest your hard-earned kopecks you earned begging on street corners!

what do you mean you didn't have enough information to successfully bet in the Wall Street Casino?

you just got through castigating scientists for not being able to accurately
(to your swollen ego's satisfaction)
predict future climate changes
because their data was too sparse & contradictory
fifty years ago

so granny, hypocrite much, do you?

Aug 28, 2019
It's Water Vapor, Not the CO2
https://www.acs.o...co2.html

Although the article does put forward the idea that man made emissions have caused the planet to warm, it is the increase in atmospheric water vapour due to the warming that is the main greenhouse gas, and this leads to a forward feedback effect that raises the temperature/water vapour content even more.
(Don't airliners emit water vapour too, perhaps a correlation with the increasing jet liner numbers over the years could be found?)
Anyway, the Earth is not necessarily doomed just yet.
"There is also a possibility that adding more water vapor to the atmosphere could produce a negative feedback effect. This could happen if more water vapor leads to more cloud formation. Clouds reflect sunlight and reduce the amount of energy that reaches the Earth's surface to warm it."
I think nature can deal with things quite well all by itself.

Aug 28, 2019
It's Water Vapor, Not the CO2

Try to get the Chicken Littles to explain, that if it's CO2, then why deserts are the hottest places during daylight and then plummet towards freezing when the sun sets.

Aug 28, 2019
well auntie, you're the hen in the coop constantly cackling about CO2
& how your huffing bags of melting carbon dioxide ice
are improving the quality of your mystical visions

Aug 28, 2019
oh Solon, so vlose to a reasonable commentary
& then? poof!

tell you what, if you think empirical evidence is a convincing argument?
i propose a thought experiment for you

let us imagine you are hiking near the base of a mountain
when suddenly. there is a small rock-slide
which you survive with minimal injuries
a completely natural event for reasonable people to avoid walking in areas with posted signs warning of the danger

as you are crawling out of the rocks scattered about you?
i drive up in a dump truck with a full load of bricks
& unload those bricks onto your quivering body...
an unnatural event of anthropoid causation

did my Human industrial intervention "improve" the nature caused rock-slide for you?

Aug 28, 2019
So much the same insipidity as always by those denying chemtrails.
humy tries to say that I am saying "data" collected from "satellites" and such was somehow fraudulent. Where is humy's proof that the numbers being presented really came from satellite observations? In fact, humy declares the "data" to come from many sources, but where is humy's proof any of that material wasn't made up? humy challenges me to prove the data is made up. My assertion is that no proof has been provided that the data are real, and there is not proof provided.
So many other cases of individuals suggesting I'm saying the weather isn't becoming abnormal. In fact5, I admit it is, but that's caused by chemtrails, not "fossil fuels".
And contrails dissipate, chemtrails don't. Phys Org only allows so many characters, so sometimes I leave out that chemtrails don't dissipate. The liars seem keen on pouncing on that.

Aug 28, 2019
I can tell from my own personal experience of feeling heat in different parts of the world and from processing of observed data myself that the global temperatures are rising, and we are currently living through raised temperatures.

This rise in temperature will continue to grow as it is quite clear from the data. The gradient is so small that some people make it a basis of refuting the reality.

Aug 28, 2019
@antigoracle.
Try to get the Chicken Littles to explain, that if it's CO2, then why deserts are the hottest places during daylight and then plummet towards freezing when the sun sets.
I explained all that to you long ago, when I used that very thing to point out that dry air will allow heat loss via IR radiation from surface to upper atmosphere; where CO2 slows its further escape to space compared to the rates which applied before CO2 increased so much. You don't even bother to pretend to listen/understand what has been already told to you, let alone understand what is happening under you very nose, @antigoracle. If you/your fellow 'weaponised stupids' deny that it is getting warmer and more extreme around the globe, maybe we should have put you out in the desert here in OZ over the last few years: then you would have a different opinion. The reality is dire; massive fish kills from heat; massive cattle etc deaths from extreme floods caused by unusually severe/persistent storms.

Aug 29, 2019
So much the same insipidity as always by those denying chemtrails.
humy tries to say that I am saying "data" collected from "satellites" and such was somehow fraudulent. Where is humy's proof that the numbers being presented really came from satellite observations? In fact, humy declares the "data" to come from many sources, but where is humy's proof any of that material wasn't made up? humy challenges me to prove the data is made up. My assertion is that no proof has been provided that the data are real, and there is not proof provided.
So many other cases of individuals suggesting I'm saying the weather isn't becoming abnormal. In fact5, I admit it is, but that's caused by chemtrails, not "fossil fuels".
And contrails dissipate, chemtrails don't. Phys Org only allows so many characters, so sometimes I leave out that chemtrails don't dissipate. The liars seem keen on pouncing on that.
says julianpenrod

The chemtrails are not water vapour.

Aug 29, 2019
-contd-
If the chemtrails were made of water vapour, then they would dissipate fast, disappear quite fast, especially on a windy day up at ~30,000 feet. But those chemtrails remain in the sky overhead for 10 - 15 minutes and they only gradually dissipate while still leaving their mark for a long length of duration in the sky. A diligent observer may easily see them when those certain planes are up and about, where there may be more than one plane spewing out those chemtrails, crisscrossing their paths with this bright, white substance. I have seen it done in many states in which I/we have traveled to in the US.
There could be a dozen reasons for these chemtrails released by planes in the skies. Perhaps it is a mode to lower the incidence of population growth. Certainly, amongst Whites in the US, pregnancies have diminished in the last several years. But the chemtrails could be for another reason, something that is still as yet unknown to the general public.

Aug 29, 2019
In France, the Celsius went higher than ever. We're breaking registered records, and are already expecting even worse heat.
Whether it's "natural" or not, in decades, noone felt that awful in summer. Especially in northern France. Damn, we even used to complain about rainy summers! Now we're almost regretting them!

Aug 29, 2019
Antigoracle and his sockies really eager for those bananas today, we going to have some fun teasing him with bananas on a stick... c'mon monkey give us the Gold dumb comment we're waiting for, the one so far is just your normal dumb comments, ps...you'll be competing for the whopper banana ;)

Aug 29, 2019
humy tries to say that I am saying "data" collected from "satellites" and such was somehow fraudulent.
julianpenrod

Yes, because YOU implied this.

Where is humy's proof that the numbers being presented really came from satellite observations?
So you ARE suggesting that absurdity that the said data is somehow fraudulent i.e. fake!
Where is your proof that the numbers being presented really do NOT came from satellite observations?

Aug 29, 2019
To latch on to the insanity above (julianpenrod c.s.): where is the proof that gravity is not caused by leprechaun farts?

Aug 29, 2019
Antigoracle and his sockies really eager for those bananas today, we going to have some fun teasing him with bananas on a stick... c'mon monkey give us the Gold dumb comment we're waiting for, the one so far is just your normal dumb comments, ps...you'll be competing for the whopper banana ;)
says Menelo

Don't you ever even feel ashamed or embarrassed while talking the way you do? Especially when you have said nothing of value at all in a science site? Seems to ME that every comment YOU make is a Gold dumb comment. Now be a good lad and apologise to those you have insulted, yes?

Same for your strange buddy, ThomasQuinn

Aug 29, 2019
ohh deer, there he goes again.
sillyeggfhead blubbering out diatribes against comments accurately describing his many anti-science mistakes

Aug 29, 2019
ohh deer, there he goes again.
sillyeggfhead blubbering out diatribes against comments accurately describing his many anti-science mistakes
says the habitual 'say-nothing of value' rrwillsj

I was talking about "chemtrails" which are seen in the sky by millions of Americans, and also in Europe and the UK. Perhaps rrwillisj keeps her head and eyes looking down or straight ahead, even when chemtrails are being created by planes over her head at about 30k feet. rrwillsj must be a turtle who is unable to look up at the sky to see what is really going on. The real world is a foreign place to rrwillsj, as well as to those like helomenelo and company who cannot bear the truth of the deliberate pollution of the skies by chemtrails.
Chemtrails would be a good use of chemicals to eliminate humans by poisoning the air they breathe, as well as chemicals to cause diseases. It would be just as effective on the unbelievers as on those who know that it is happening.

Aug 29, 2019

https://www.ibtim...es-26225

This is only one of many sites that talk about chemtrails. Other sites are busy calling them 'conspiracy theories" and attempting to block such ideas from getting a foothold in human concerns. But chemtrails should be a concern for humans who value their lives and health.
Ever since chemtrails were first observed in the skies in the mid twentieth century, the instances of cancer and other human diseases have risen far above what they were in the early twentieth century and before. What are they putting in those chemtrails that remain for a long time in the sky while ordinary contrails from passenger planes have already dissipated and vanished? Nobody is telling what chemicals are being blown out from planes into the atmosphere. They crisscross the sky in a grid-like pattern and remain in that pattern for up to 20 minutes or more. And no one is saying why.

Aug 30, 2019
Other sites are busy calling them 'conspiracy theories"
Surveillance_Egg_Unit

That's because they are;

https://en.wikipe...y_theory
"The chemtrail conspiracy theory is based on the erroneous[1] belief that long-lasting condensation trails are "chemtrails" consisting of chemical or biological agents left in the sky by high-flying aircraft, sprayed for nefarious purposes undisclosed to the general public.[2] Believers in this conspiracy theory say that while normal contrails dissipate relatively quickly, contrails that linger must contain additional substances..."

But chemtrails should be a concern for humans who value their lives and health.

No, just the mental health for those who actually believe such absurd fictitious made-up nonsense based on no evidence for such an absurd conspiracy. The only thing those contrails contain are the usual chemicals from just normal combustion you get out of a car exhaust; CO, H2O, SO2, etc.

Aug 30, 2019
Antigoracle and his sockies really eager for those bananas today, we going to have some fun teasing him with bananas on a stick... c'mon monkey give us the Gold dumb comment we're waiting for, the one so far is just your normal dumb comments, ps...you'll be competing for the whopper banana ;)
says Menelo

Don't you ever even feel ashamed or embarrassed while talking the way you do? Especially when you have said nothing of value at all in a science site? Seems to ME that every comment YOU make is a Gold dumb comment. Now be a good lad and apologise to those you have insulted, yes?

Same for your strange buddy, ThomasQuinn

There is no need to apologize to those standing against the Mountain of Evidence for Human Induced Climate Change, Arrogantly preaching Lies Insulting everyone Everyday ! ! !

Aug 31, 2019
Other sites are busy calling them 'conspiracy theories"
Surveillance_Egg_Unit

That's because they are;

https://en.wikipe...y_theory
"The chemtrail conspiracy theory is based on the erroneous[1] belief that long-lasting condensation trails are "chemtrails" consisting of chemical or biological agents left in the sky by high-flying aircraft..."

But chemtrails should be a concern for humans who value their lives and health.

No, just the mental health for those who actually believe such absurd fictitious made-up nonsense based on no evidence for such an absurd conspiracy. The only thing those contrails contain are the usual chemicals from just normal combustion you get out of a car exhaust; CO, H2O, SO2, etc.
says humy

Well humy, humans have been wrong many times before with terrible results, so it is yours and their health that is at stake, not mine/ours. Believe in AGW but not in Chemtrails. We understand.

Sep 11, 2019
Meanwhile, in my hometown in the Netherlands, we had a day with a 40.6 degrees C maximum temperature last month. A full 2.5 degrees C. over the previous record. Which in turn was almost 2 degrees C. higher than the highest temperature recorded here in the 20th century.

Of course, the sharp-witted denialists are much smarter than I am, so they'll quickly point out to me that none of the above happened. In fact, The Netherlands doesn't even exist. It's a left-wing hoax to get their money.
says ThomasQuinn

Do you mean to say that in one day it actually went up to 40.6 degrees Celsius in the month of August? Oh horrors. It must have been pure torture for you and yours. Those TERRIBLE summer month temperatures must've driven you to the local pub for a cold pint or two, yes?

Why, it's enough to drive anyone to make some lemonade, even.

Sep 11, 2019
IF global warming is all human-induced, then you folks might want to consider the Margaret Sanger method of genocide to rid the Earth of population overgrowth. Sanger and Otto would recommend:
Infanticide
Suicide
Cannibalism on dead humans (see Swedish Professor Sonderlund)

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