New record in lead-free halide double perovskites
Illumination consumes more than 20 percent of electricity. Thus, finding an efficient, stable, single-phase warm white-light material is very important. Lead hybrid perovskites have drawn interest for excellent photoelectric performance and simple synthesis. Lead perovskites with white-light emission have been studied, but photoluminescence quantum efficiencies (PLQEs) are low. However, the large-scale application of lead perovskites is hindered by toxicity and instability. Therefore, the substitution of Pb with less toxic or non-toxic elements and the replacement of organic cations with relatively stable inorganic cations is being investigated.
Very recently, Keli Han's group at the State Key Laboratory of Molecular Reaction Dynamics, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Science, reports a series of bulk lead-free double perovskites: Cs2AgBi1-xInxCl6 (0 < x < 1). They demonstrate the existence of the parity-forbidden transition by photophysical characterization in Cs2AgInCl6 bulk crystal. The Cs2AgBi0.125In0.875Cl6 breaks the parity-forbidden transition and shows warm white-light emission with broad emission across the entire visible spectrum, with the highest PLQE of 70.3%.
The Cs2AgBi0.125In0.875Cl6 nanocrystals and microcrystals are synthesized. They reveal that the PLQE decreases with the size decreasing, due to the enhancement of PL quenching effect caused by the increase of permanent defects. Furthermore, the Cs2AgBi0.125In0.875Cl6 bulk crystal possesses excellent stability, and therefore, seems promising as a new highly efficient warm white-light emitting material in applications of LEDs.