Black (nano)gold to combat climate change

Black (nano)gold combat climate change
Use of black gold can get us one step closer to combat climate change. Credit: Royal Society of Chemistry, Chemical Science

Global warming is a serious threat to the planet and living beings. One of the main causes of global warming is the increase in the atmospheric CO2 level. The main source of this CO2 is from the burning of fossil fuels in our daily lives (electricity, vehicles, industry and many more).

Researchers at TIFR have developed the solution phase synthesis of dendritic plasmonic colloidosomes (DPCs) with varying interparticle distances between the nanoparticles (NPs) using a cycle-by-cycle growth approach by optimizing the nucleation-growth step. These DPCs absorbed the entire visible and near-infrared region of solar light, due to interparticle plasmonic coupling as well as the heterogeneity in the Au NP sizes, which transformed gold material to black gold.

Black (nano)gold was able to catalyze CO2 to methane () at atmospheric pressure and temperature, using solar energy. Researchers also observed the significant effect of the plasmonic hotspots on the performance of these DPCs for the purification of seawater to via steam generation, temperature jump assisted protein unfolding, oxidation of cinnamyl alcohol using pure oxygen as the oxidant, and hydrosilylation of aldehydes.

The results were attributed to varying interparticle distances and particle sizes in these DPCs. Results indicate the synergistic effects of EM and thermal hotspots as well as hot electrons on DPCs performance. Thus, DPC catalysts can effectively be utilized as Vis-NIR light photo-catalysts, and the design of new plasmonic nanocatalysts for a wide range of other chemical reactions may be possible using the concept of plasmonic coupling.

Raman thermometry and SERS (surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy) provided information about the thermal and electromagnetic hotspots and local temperatures which was found to be dependent on the interparticle plasmonic coupling. The of the localized surface plasmon modes by STEM-EELS plasmon mapping confirmed the role of the interparticle distances in the SPR (Surface Plasmon Resonance) of the material.

Thus, in this work, by using the techniques of nanotechnology, the researchers transformed metallic gold to black gold, by changing the size and gaps between . Similar to trees, which use CO2, sunlight and water to produce food, the developed black gold acts like an artificial tree that uses CO2, sunlight and water to produce fuel, which can be used to run our cars. Notably, black gold can also be used to convert sea water into drinkable water using the heat that black gold generates after it captures sunlight.

This work is a way forward to develop 'artificial trees' to capture and convert CO2 to fuel and useful chemicals. Although at this stage, the production rate of fuel is low, in coming years, these challenges can be resolved. We may be able to convert CO2 to fuel using sunlight at atmospheric condition, at a commercially viable scale and CO2 may then become our main source of clean energy.

Explore further

Nanostructures get better at harvesting sunlight for solar steam generation

More information: Mahak Dhiman et al, Plasmonic colloidosomes of black gold for solar energy harvesting and hotspots directed catalysis for CO2 to fuel conversion, Chemical Science (2019). DOI: 10.1039/C9SC02369K
Journal information: Chemical Science

Citation: Black (nano)gold to combat climate change (2019, July 3) retrieved 18 October 2019 from
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.

Feedback to editors

User comments

Jul 04, 2019
Nice to read something 'Positive' for a change on this over exagerated 'Man Caused Global Warming' misinformation we see today. Mainly because for all the rise in CO2 Levels, the temperatures haven't been raising according to the rise of CO2 Levels. Not only that.... but we have a Greening of the Earth Effect Going on Now with so much CO2 available to feed plant life.

Sorry but I'm not going to depend on some of a myriad new models, studies, etc who are claiming like so many times in Man's Past..... that the end of the Earth coming. Well we know that? Just like everyone is going to eventually die. Doesn't anyone realize how infinitesimal Mankind is to all Creation? Oh that's right that's not Science Either.... just like all the 'Scientific Models', Research Studies, etc.... all the Theorists Pretend are True and FACTS!!!

Good Positive Articles like this mean a world of difference to a proper perspective of life in the Here and Now...... not just some lame prognostication of the END!

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more