Frog fungus fights back

Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis
Zoosporangia of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis strain 98-1810/3 visible as transparent spherical bodies growing in lake water on (a) freshwater arthropod and (b) algae. Credit: Johnson ML et al.

Amphibian populations have been declining around the world for more than 40 years. One culprit is the fungus B. dendrobatidis, which causes the disease chytridiomycosis.

Although amphibians have robust immune defenses, the response to this pathogen is often ineffective, suggesting that the fungus somehow counters the .

Louise Rollins-Smith, Ph.D. and colleagues previously discovered that the fungus produces two small molecules (methylthioadenosine and kynurenine) that inhibit frog lymphocytes (immune cells).

They now report in the May issue of Infection and Immunity that spermidine is another fungus-produced molecule that inhibits frog lymphocyte proliferation and viability.

They demonstrated that spermidine is required for fungal growth, determined its effective concentration, and identified its biosynthetic pathway.

They also found that a non-inhibitory concentration of methylthioadenosine enhances spermidine's inhibitory action.

The findings suggest that B. dendrobatidis produces an "armamentarium" of that act alone or together to help the fungus evade killing by the frog's immune system.


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Frog-killing fungus paralyzes amphibian immune response

More information: Louise A. Rollins-Smith et al. Metabolites Involved in Immune Evasion by Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis Include the Polyamine Spermidine, Infection and Immunity (2019). DOI: 10.1128/IAI.00035-19
Journal information: Infection and Immunity

Citation: Frog fungus fights back (2019, May 16) retrieved 24 May 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-05-frog-fungus.html
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