Scientists develop bubble diameter prediction model for industrial use

Scientists develop bubble diameter prediction model for industrial use
(a) Typical bubble formation image; (b) Rational validation of the proposed prediction correlation. Credit: HUANG Qingshan

Gas-liquid and gas-liquid-solid reactors have been widely applied in fermentation, photosynthetic culture, metallurgy, and many other processes in chemical industries. Accurate prediction of bubble diameter is crucial for the proper design, optimization, and scale-up of gas-liquid apparatuses. Most previous research focused only on orifice superficial gas velocity < 10 m/s, which is too low for industrial gas-liquid reactors.

Recently, a research team led by Prof. YANG Chao from the Qingdao Institute of Bioenergy and Bioprocess Technology (QIBEBT), Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), systematically investigated the influence of orifice , liquid viscosity, and orifice superficial gas velocity on the bubble diameter of gas spargers under industrial jetting conditions.

In the study, the bubble diameter was investigated in a rectangular vessel made of transparent Plexiglas. Bubbles were recorded through a single-lens reflex camera. A typical bubble formation image is illustrated in Fig.1 (a). Bubble sizes were analyzed and calculated using patented software (Chinese Software Copyright Registration Number: 2017SR354522).

Based on extensive experimental results, a simple correlation for predicting bubble diameter was proposed using nonlinear least square optimization. The new correlation was successfully validated by comparing prediction results with experimental data over a wide range of operating conditions and working systems from the literature.

The comparison of the results predicted by the new model versus the from our work and the literature is shown in Fig. 1 (b). Only 6.54 percent of the 657 obtained from the literature had deviations of more than 30 percent, indicating that the proposed correlation in this work can be applied extensively with reasonable accuracy.

These findings were published in Chemical Engineering Science.


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More information: Hang Xiao et al, Bubble formation in continuous liquid phase under industrial jetting conditions, Chemical Engineering Science (2019). DOI: 10.1016/j.ces.2019.02.009
Citation: Scientists develop bubble diameter prediction model for industrial use (2019, March 1) retrieved 7 August 2020 from https://phys.org/news/2019-03-scientists-diameter-industrial.html
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