Record efficiency for perovskite-based light-emitting diodes

Record efficiency for perovskite-based light-emitting diodes
LED with external quantum efficiency of record-high 21.6 percent. Credit: Thor Balkhed

Efficient near-infrared (NIR) light-emitting diodes of perovskite have been produced in a laboratory at Linköping University. The external quantum efficiency is 21.6 percent, which is a record. The results have been published in Nature Photonics.

The work is led by LiU scientist Feng Gao, in close collaboration with colleagues in China, Italy, Singapore and Switzerland.

Perovskites are a group of materials defined by their , and have been the focus of intense research interest during the past 10 years, initially for and recently also for light emitting diodes. They have good light-emitting properties and are easy to manufacture. The external quantum efficiency (the ratio of emitted as light over all of those fed into the materials) of light-emitting diodes based on perovskites has until now been limited by defects that arise in the material during manufacture. The defects act as traps for the charge carriers and thus cause energy losses.

One way of dealing with defects is to add materials known as "passivation molecules," which bind to the atoms that cause defects. The researchers had previously discovered a molecule with at its ends that gave a certain improvement in properties. However, when they selected a molecule that also contained oxygen atoms, the effect increased dramatically.

Record efficiency for perovskite-based light-emitting diodes
Weidong Xu in the laboratory at Linköping University. Credit: Thor Balkhed

"We now understand that it is the between passivation molecules and perovskite materials that cause problems. This allowed us to search for a molecule that was perfect for passivation," says Feng Gao, senior lecturer in the Division of Biomolecular and Organic Electronics at Linköping University.

The molecule they found has two amino groups at its ends, with at suitable distances between them. Oxygen atoms reduce the hydrogen bonding ability of amino groups, and hence increase the probability that they interact with defects. The number of traps for charge carriers in the perovskite is significantly reduced, allowing the charge carriers to recombine and emit light efficiently.

"This particular perovskite material gives highly efficient light-emitting diodes in the near-infrared region. Near-infrared light-emitting diodes are particularly useful for medical and telecommunication applications. We believe that our new findings can also be applied to perovskite light-emitting diodes with other colours," says Feng Gao.

The external quantum efficiency is a record-high 21.6 percent.

"We have developed the best light-emitting diodes in perovskite material yet. They can also compete with light-emitting diodes based on, for example, organic ," says Wiedong Xu, postdoc in the Division of Biomolecular and Organic Electronics, LiU.

Explore further

Perovskites – materials of the future in optical communication

More information: Weidong Xu et al, Rational molecular passivation for high-performance perovskite light-emitting diodes, Nature Photonics (2019). DOI: 10.1038/s41566-019-0390-x
Journal information: Nature Photonics

Citation: Record efficiency for perovskite-based light-emitting diodes (2019, March 29) retrieved 17 August 2019 from
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Mar 29, 2019
Quantum efficiency for LEDs is the number of photons emitted divided by the number of charge carriers injected.

Since photons (aka light) do not have a charge, "charge carriers emitted as light" would be a discovery worthy of a Nobel prize since such a particle would be far beyond the standard model.

Wall plug efficiency (energy emitted as light divided by electrical energy input) would be of interest. Commercial visible light LEDs can exceed 80% (quantum efficiency is even higher).

Mar 30, 2019
light -emitting diodes might be great energy-savers, but their presence as used in outdoor lighting is set to ruin billions of dollars worth of astronomy infrastructure because unlike discrete-wavelength metal (sodium, mercury) lighting, their wavelengths cannot be screened-out and pristine skies will be slowly light-polluted.

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