Fears flood water runoff could 'smother' Barrier Reef

A handout photo shows shows sediment caused by unprecedented rain and flooding approaching the the Great Barrier Reef
A handout photo shows shows sediment caused by unprecedented rain and flooding approaching the the Great Barrier Reef

Runoff from recent floods in northern Australia is flowing onto parts of the Barrier Reef, scientists said Friday, starving coral of light and providing fodder for the predatory crown-of-thorns starfish.

Parts of northern Queensland are still reeling after nearly two weeks of unprecedented rainfall that turned roads into rivers and inundated hundreds of homes with floodwater.

Scientists at James Cook University say the floods swelled a number of rivers along hundreds of kilometres of coastline, spilling sediment onto the reef which has reduced and much-needed sunlight.

"Coral reef and seagrass need light to maintain their growth and health," researcher Jane Waterhouse from James Cook University told AFP.

Calm weather following the extended period of rain means the murky water is yet to disperse.

It threatens to "smother" coral in areas worst hit, like at the mouth of north Queensland's Burdekin river, where a brown flood plume has spread some 100 kilometres offshore.

"If that were to stay there then eventually, it would not take that long for some of those systems to die off," Waterhouse added.

The effects will not be fully understood until monitoring was completed over the next few of months after sediment has dispersed and settled.

The 2,300-kilometre (1,400-mile) reef has already suffered from back-to-back coral bleaching in 2016 and 2017, where swathes hav
The 2,300-kilometre (1,400-mile) reef has already suffered from back-to-back coral bleaching in 2016 and 2017, where swathes have been killed by rising sea temperatures linked to climate change

The 2,300-kilometre (1,400-mile) reef has already suffered from back-to-back coral bleaching in 2016 and 2017, where swathes have been killed by rising sea temperatures linked to climate change.

The predatory crown-of-thorns starfish, which eat coral, have also proliferated on the due to pollution and .

The recent floods have exacerbated the runoff, causing algae to grow in some areas.

"This provides a brilliant food source to allow those populations to thrive," Waterhouse added.

Calm weather following the extended period of rain means the murky water is yet to disperse
Calm weather following the extended period of rain means the murky water is yet to disperse

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© 2019 AFP

Citation: Fears flood water runoff could 'smother' Barrier Reef (2019, February 15) retrieved 24 May 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-02-runoff-smother-barrier-reef.html
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