Nobel Peace winners urge global action vs. sexual violence

Nobel Peace winners urge global action vs. sexual violence
The Peace Prize laureates Dr. Denis Mukwege from Congo and Nadia Murad from Iraq, left, pose together with their medals during the Nobel Peace Prize Ceremony in Oslo Town Hall, Oslo, Monday Dec. 10, 2018. Dr. Denis Mukwege and Nadia Murad receive the Nobel Peace Prize recognising their efforts to end the use of sexual violence as a weapon of war and armed conflict. (Haakon Mosvold Larsen/NTB Scanpix via AP, Pool)

The Congolese doctor who shares this year's Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts to end the use of rape and sexual violence as weapons of war on Monday called for strong international action against the abuse, including reparations for victims.

Dr. Denis Mukwege, founder of a hospital in eastern Congo that has treated tens of thousands of victims of the country's conflicts for two decades, and Iraqi activist Nadia Murad received the prize at a ceremony in the Norwegian capital, Oslo. They split the 9-million-Swedish-kronor ($1 million) amount.

In an address interrupted by frequent applause, Mukwege criticized the international community for allowing Congolese to be "humiliated, abused and massacred for more than two decades in plain sight."

"I insist on reparations, measures that give survivors compensation and satisfaction and enable them to start a new life," he said. "I call on states to support the initiative to create a global fund for reparations for victims of sexual violence in armed conflicts."

He said countries should take a stand against "leaders who have tolerated, or worse, used sexual violence to take power. ... This red line would consist of imposing economic and political sanctions on these leaders and taking them to court."

Dozens of armed groups in Congo profit from mining the country's trillions of dollars' worth of mineral resources, many of which are crucial to popular electronic products such as smartphones.

Nobel Peace winners urge global action vs. sexual violence
The Peace Prize laureates Dr. Denis Mukwege from Congo 2nd left, and Nadia Murad from Iraq, left, during the Nobel Peace Prize Ceremony in Oslo Town Hall, Oslo, Monday Dec. 10, 2018. Dr. Denis Mukwege and Nadia Murad receive the Nobel Peace Prize recognising their efforts to end the use of sexual violence as a weapon of war and armed conflict. (Haakon Mosvold Larsen / NTB scanpix via AP)
"As consumers, let us at least insist that these products are manufactured with respect for human dignity. Turning a blind eye to this tragedy is being complicit," Mukwege said. An outspoken critic of Congo's government, he added: "My country is being systematically looted with the complicity of people claiming to be our leaders."

Murad, a member of Iraq's Yazidi minority, was kidnapped and sexually abused by Islamic State militants in 2014. She became an activist after escaping and finding refuge in Germany.

She told the ceremony that she wants world leaders to translate sympathy for victims into action against the abusers.

"The fact remains that the only prize in the world that can restore our dignity is justice and the prosecution of criminals," Murad said.

Nobel Peace winners urge global action vs. sexual violence
Nobel Peace Prize laureate Denis Mukwege delivers his speech, during the Nobel Peace Prize Ceremony in Oslo Town Hall, in Norway, Monday, Dec. 10, 2018, Dr. Denis Mukwege and Nadia Murad of Iraq, shared the 9-million Swedish kronor ($1 million) Nobel Peace Prize. Mukwege was honored for his work helping sexually abused women at the hospital he founded in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Murad, a Yazidi, won for her advocacy for sex abuse victims after being kidnapped by Islamic State militants. (Berit Roald/NTB scanpix via AP)
"Young girls at the prime of life are sold, bought, held captive and raped every day. It is inconceivable that the conscience of the leaders of 195 countries around the world is not mobilized to liberate these girls," she said.

"What if they were a commercial deal, an oil field or a shipment of weapons? Most certainly, no efforts would be spared to liberate them," she said.

Berit Reiss-Andersen, head of the Norwegian Nobel Committee that chooses the peace laureates, also said action was necessary.

"This award obligates Denis Mukwege and Nadia Murad to continue their vital work. But the award obligates us to stand side-by-side with them in the struggle to end wartime sexual violence," she said.

The winners of the medicine, physics, chemistry and economics Nobels were to receive their awards later Monday in Stockholm. No winner of the literature prize was named this year.

  • Nobel Peace winners urge global action vs. sexual violence
    The Peace Price laureates Nadia Murad from Iraq, makes a speech during the Nobel Peace Prize Ceremony in Oslo Town Hall, Oslo, Monday Dec. 10, 2018. Dr. Denis Mukwege of Congo and Nadia Murad of Iraq jointly receive the Nobel Peace Prize recognising their efforts to end the use of sexual violence as a weapon of war and armed conflict. (Haakon Mosvold Larsen / NTB scanpix via AP)
  • Nobel Peace winners urge global action vs. sexual violence
    The Peace Price laureates Dr. Denis Mukwege from Congo and Nadia Murad from Iraq, left, pose with their medals during the Nobel Peace Prize Ceremony in Oslo Town Hall, Oslo, Monday Dec. 10, 2018. Dr. Denis Mukwege and Nadia Murad receive the Nobel Peace Prize recognising their efforts to end the use of sexual violence as a weapon of war and armed conflict. (Haakon Mosvold Larsen / NTB scanpix via AP)
  • Nobel Peace winners urge global action vs. sexual violence
    Nobel Peace Prize Laureates Denis Mukwege left, shakes hands with Norway's Queen Sonja, with King Harald, second left as Nadia Murad, foreground shakes hands with Crown Prince Haakon with Princess Mette-Marit second right at the Royal Palace, in Oslo, Norway, Monday, Dec. 10, 2018. Dr. Denis Mukwege and Nadia Murad of Iraq, shared the 9-million Swedish kronor ($1 million) Nobel Peace Prize. Mukwege was honored for his work helping sexually abused women at the hospital he founded in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Murad, a Yazidi, won for her advocacy for sex abuse victims after being kidnapped by Islamic State militants. (Lise Aserud/NTB scanpix via AP)
  • Nobel Peace winners urge global action vs. sexual violence
    Guests attend the Nobel Peace Prize Ceremony in Oslo Town Hall, Oslo, Monday Dec. 10, 2018. Dr. Denis Mukwege from Congo and Nadia Murad from Iraq will jointly receive the Nobel Peace Prize for their efforts to end the use of sexual violence as a weapon of war and armed conflict. (Berit Roald / NTB scanpix via AP)
  • Nobel Peace winners urge global action vs. sexual violence
    Nobel Peace Prize Laureates Denis Mukwege second right and Nadia Murad, second left, pose for a photo with Norway's Queen Sonja, right and King Harald, at the Royal Palace, in Oslo, Norway, Monday, Dec. 10, 2018. Dr. Denis Mukwege and Nadia Murad of Iraq, shared the 9-million Swedish kronor ($1 million) Nobel Peace Prize. Mukwege was honored for his work helping sexually abused women at the hospital he founded in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Murad, a Yazidi, won for her advocacy for sex abuse victims after being kidnapped by Islamic State militants. (Lise Aserud/NTB scanpix via AP)
  • Nobel Peace winners urge global action vs. sexual violence
    The Peace Price laureates Nadia Murad and Dr. Denis Mukwege, right, talk with Chair of the Nobel Committee Berit Reiss-Andersen before being presented with the prize, during the Nobel Peace Prize Ceremony in Oslo Town Hall, Oslo, Monday Dec. 10, 2018. Dr. Denis Mukwege from Congo and Nadia Murad from Iraq jointly receive the Nobel Peace Prize for their efforts to end the use of sexual violence as a weapon of war and armed conflict. (Berit Roald / NTB scanpix via AP)
  • Nobel Peace winners urge global action vs. sexual violence
    Norway's King Harold, Queen Sonja, Crown Princess Mette Marit and Crown Prince Haakon attend the Nobel Peace Prize Ceremony in Oslo Town Hall, Norway, Monday, Dec. 10, 2018. Dr. Denis Mukwege and Nadia Murad of Iraq, shared the 9-million Swedish kronor ($1 million) Nobel Peace Prize. Mukwege was honored for his work helping sexually abused women at the hospital he founded in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Murad, a Yazidi, won for her advocacy for sex abuse victims after being kidnapped by Islamic State militants. (Haakon Mosvold Larsen/Pool Photo via AP)
  • Nobel Peace winners urge global action vs. sexual violence
    The Peace Prize laureate Dr. Denis Mukwege gives his speech during the Nobel Peace Prize Ceremony in Oslo Town Hall, Oslo, Monday Dec. 10, 2018. Dr. Denis Mukwege of Congo and Nadia Murad of Iraq jointly receive the Nobel Peace Prize recognising their efforts to end the use of sexual violence as a weapon of war and armed conflict. (Haakon Mosvold Larsen / NTB scanpix via AP)
  • Nobel Peace winners urge global action vs. sexual violence
    The Peace Prize laureate Nadia Murad from Iraq, gives a speech during the Nobel Peace Prize Ceremony in Oslo Town Hall, Oslo, Monday Dec. 10, 2018. Dr. Denis Mukwege of Congo and Nadia Murad of Iraq jointly receive the Nobel Peace Prize recognising their efforts to end the use of sexual violence as a weapon of war and armed conflict. (Haakon Mosvold Larsen / NTB scanpix via AP, Pool)
  • Nobel Peace winners urge global action vs. sexual violence
    The Peace Prize laureates Dr. Denis Mukwege from Congo and Nadia Murad from Iraq, left, pose with their medals during the Nobel Peace Prize Ceremony in Oslo Town Hall, Oslo, Monday Dec. 10, 2018. Dr. Denis Mukwege and Nadia Murad receive the Nobel Peace Prize recognising their efforts to end the use of sexual violence as a weapon of war and armed conflict. (Haakon Mosvold Larsen / NTB scanpix via AP, Pool)
  • Nobel Peace winners urge global action vs. sexual violence
    The Peace Price laureates Nadia Murad and Dr. Denis Mukwege attend the Nobel Peace Prize Ceremony in Oslo Town Hall, Oslo, Dec. 10, 2018. Dr. Denis Mukwege from Congo and Nadia Murad from Iraq will jointly receive the Nobel Peace Prize for their efforts to end the use of sexual violence as a weapon of war and armed conflict. (Berit Roald / NTB scanpix via AP)
  • Nobel Peace winners urge global action vs. sexual violence
    The Peace Price laureates, from left, Nadia Murad from Iraq and Dr. Denis Mukwege from Congo, pose with Henrik Syse, Thorbjorn Jagland, Anne Enger and Asle Toje, during the Nobel Peace Prize Ceremony in Oslo Town Hall, Oslo, Monday Dec. 10, 2018. Dr. Denis Mukwege and Nadia Murad receive the Nobel Peace Prize recognising their efforts to end the use of sexual violence as a weapon of war and armed conflict. (Haakon Mosvold Larsen / NTB scanpix via AP)

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Nobel Peace laureates demand end to sexual violence in war

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