Fake news vs fact in online battle for truth

December 15, 2018 by Guillaume Daudin
US President Donald Trump has popularised the term 'fake news' and used it to attack the news media

Since US President Donald Trump weaponised the term "fake news" during the 2016 presidential election campaign, the phrase has gone viral.

Increasingly it is used by politicians around the world to denounce or dismiss news reports that do not fit their version of the truth.

But as news outlets defend their work, false information is saturating the political debate worldwide and undermining an already weak level of trust in the media and institutions.

The term has come to mean anything from a mistake to a parody or a deliberate misinterpretation of facts.

At the same time, misinformation online is increasingly visible in attempts to manipulate elections.

Misinformation

The build-up to Trump's 2016 victory, for example, saw numerous examples of hoaxes and false news stories: from Hillary Clinton's alleged links to a child sex ring to a false report the Pope had endorsed Trump.

Misinformation had "a significant impact" on voting decisions, according to Ohio State University researchers, who questioned voters. But it was impossible to prove that false information swung the election for Trump.

As president, Trump still denounces any information that displeases him as "fake news". Experts say his aides, meanwhile, have offered a mixture of truth and distortions, sometimes described as "alternative facts".

Researchers found that false reports influenced the perception of several social movements, including a truckers strike in Brazil last year
"Lies and fabrication even seem to bolster one's reputation and political prowess among their core supporters," said John Huxford of Illinois State University, who researches false information.

Some studies even suggest that, as partisanship has risen, more people are willing to believe falsehoods. One 2017 survey, for example, showed 51 percent of Republicans still believed that Barack Obama was born in Kenya, despite the hoax having been debunked.

Eroding trust

In 2018, the average level of trust in the news, across 37 countries, remained relatively stable at 44 percent, according to a poll by YouGov for the Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism.

But false information spread by authority figures has not helped matters.

In Ukraine, for example, authorities staged the death of Russian journalist Arkady Babchenko at the end of May, to foil a real plot to assassinate him.

Reports of the fake death made in good faith by mainstream media were "a godsend for paranoid people and conspiracy theorists," said Christophe Deloire, secretary general of media rights watchdog Reporters Without Borders.

The staged death of anti-Kremlin journalist Arkady Babchenko in May has been described by a press watchdog as 'a godsend for paranoid people and conspiracy theorists'

Trust in traditional media remains higher than for social networks, according to the YouGov poll. Only 23 percent of those polled said they trusted the news they found on social media.

But a study released by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in March found that false news spreads more rapidly on Twitter than real news does.

Social networks in crisis

Many believe Facebook is the main vehicle for false information.

It was forced to admit that Cambridge Analytica, a political firm working for Donald Trump in 2016, had hijacked the data of tens of millions of its users. Some critics of the Brexit referendum accuse Cambridge Analytica of having used that data to swing voters towards the "Leave" vote.

In the US, Special Counsel Robert Mueller's investigation into Trump's campaign links with Russia has targeted Facebook accounts and private pages managed by the Internet Research Agency, a Russia-based "troll farm".

Such was the level of concern that Facebook boss Mark Zuckerberg has been questioned by the European Parliament and the US Congress.

Facebook boss Mark Zuckerberg was grilled at the US Congress after the Cambridge Analytica scandal that saw mass data breaches

The US giant in 2018 announced new measures to improve technology for tackling false information around the world.

Another country where Facebook has come under fire for spreading false information is Brazil, the scene of a giant truckers' strike last May.

Fake audio of people supposedly connected to the strike was spread widely, said Cristina Tardaguila, founder of the Brazilian Agencia Lupa fact-checking organisation.

Most of the messages during the strike were spread on WhatsApp, a messaging service with more than one billion global users, owned by Facebook.

Under pressure

WhatsApp has also been accused of circulating false information. It came under immense pressure after the lynching of more than 20 people accused of child abduction in recent months in India, its largest market. They were sparked by false news reports.

WhatsApp took out full-page advertisements in Indian newspapers offering "easy tips" to identify fact from fiction. But the company stands by its policy of protecting the privacy of its users with encryption technology.

Communications app WhatsApp was forced to take out full-page adverts following a string of lynchings in India sparked by the sharing of false news reports

Google, also under pressure for spreading misinformation, announced in March that it was investing $300 million over three years to support a series of projects to tackle false information and support "credible" media organisations.

Its search engine promotes verifications carried out by fact-checking organisations.

Despite the creation of dozens of fact-checking initiatives in recent years, journalists have to run just to keep up as misinformation techniques evolve.

A relatively new development is deep fakes—manipulated videos that appear genuine but depict events or speech that never happened.

For now, deep fakes are technically difficult to create and have not yet had a big impact, but with progress they may further blur the online line between true and false.

Explore further: The online battle for the truth

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jimc2350
2.3 / 5 (6) Dec 15, 2018
What does this opinion piece have to do any kinda science. Get your head out of the liquid nitrogen and then maybe thinking will improve. Fake science!!
Da Schneib
1.8 / 5 (5) Dec 15, 2018
It's sociology, which is purported to be a science, and it contains a number of hard facts.

I guess you prefer the giant orange anus.
mabrams
3 / 5 (6) Dec 15, 2018
This a junk article. It has nothing to do with science and contains nothing but the authors opinions, his own definitions of terms, and a mention of two so-called sociological studies of extremely dubious worth and veracity . It is obvious the author seeks to go on record as hating Trump. But his personal opinions are not science, or any interest to anyone. So why publish such drivel? Who cares?
antigoracle
3.7 / 5 (3) Dec 15, 2018
It's sociology, which is purported to be a science, and it contains a number of hard facts.

I guess you prefer the giant orange anus.

Da Snob, the "meat" eating jackass, brays again.
This jackass is still angry that his boyfriend can't find that elusive "sweet spot" in his rectum.
LMAO
steve02100210
2.7 / 5 (7) Dec 15, 2018
Fake news: "Since US President Donald Trump weaponised the term "fake news" during the 2016 presidential election campaign"

But to say that President Trump was the first politician to deploy the term would itself be, well, "fake news".
On 8 December 2016, Hillary Clinton made a speech in which she mentioned "the epidemic of malicious fake news and false propaganda that flooded social media over the past year."
TheGhostofOtto1923
2.3 / 5 (3) Dec 15, 2018
Anybody who takes the time to educate themselves on both sides of these news stories knows hwo dirty this so-called research is.

Foul beyond words.

One wonders if it has always been this dirty, and how much of the history we have been taught is actually real.

Probably safe to disregard all of it and start from scratch. For instance

"John Huxford (Ph.D. in Communication from the University of Pennsylvania) is a former journalist from Britain. His research interests include the visual and textual construction of news."

-I think we can disregard the opinions of elderly former british journalists who end up as associate profs in their waning years.
grandpa
1 / 5 (1) Dec 15, 2018
Fleeting truth found by force.
Bert_Halls
3 / 5 (4) Dec 15, 2018
All these people who argue that Trump tells the truth have to answer for the fact that Trump said he wants to take people's guns, that he's a nationalist, that he thinks that neo-nazis are "fine people," and that the vast majority of conservatives in and out of government still adore him.

Frankly, the only saving grace for the republican party is that Trump's probably lying just about any time he speaks.
julianpenrod
2.6 / 5 (5) Dec 15, 2018
Note, the article deliberately acts to suggest only republicans engage in this. Do0es the website have proof of that?
There are many techniques of lying without openly saying what's untrue.
When the "press" wants to help the Democratic Rackets fight an agenda, they profile one and only one individual not benefiting by it and pretend that no one will benefit.
When they want to promote unscrupulous behavior, like violating the borders of the country, they depict those engaging in the behavior as suffering. Criminals on the lam suffer, too, but that doesn't make their crimes right.
And that's not including, for example, lying by omission, such as the "press" working to hide stories of sexual misconduct by Democratic Rackets members and their friends for decades.
Da Schneib
2.3 / 5 (3) Dec 15, 2018
Gee, lots of new accounts that haven't made many posts until now.

All supporting fake news and trying to discredit anyone who argues against it.

Just sayin'.
antialias_physorg
3.7 / 5 (6) Dec 15, 2018
Note, the article deliberately acts to suggest only republicans engage in this

For one: it doesn't make it any more excuasble if they also did.

For another...I can't think of one off hand. Can you?
Whereas for the republicans I can just rattle any number off of my head
- Birthers
- Clinton Sex ring
- Norwegians raking leaves
- Mexico paying for the wall
- US paying most for NATO
- Denmark is a failing socialist state
- Trumps inauguration being the most visited
... and of course the any number of "no collusion" stories

I still baffles me how half the country (and the NRA for chrissakes) elected and defends a russian spy as their head of state.

Those russians are so much ahead of the americans when it comes to being intelligent it's not even funny anymore.
TheGhostofOtto1923
3.7 / 5 (3) Dec 15, 2018
All these people who argue that Trump tells the truth have to answer for the fact that Trump said he wants to take people's guns, that he's a nationalist, that he thinks that neo-nazis are "fine people," and that the vast majority of conservatives in and out of government still adore him
So bert, where do you get your info? Do you bother to check both sides of the story? Or do you just let academies/ex-hack-journalists spoon feed it to you because you just like the way it sounds?
I still baffles me how half the country (and the NRA for chrissakes) elected and defends a russian spy as their head of state
It baffles me how so-called educated people would let themselves fall for such blatant lies.

"The Clinton campaign and the Democratic National Committee financed the dossier as part of $1 million funneled to the DNC's law firm Perkins Coie and then to Fusion GPS for opposition research on candidate Trump [also for FISA warrant/treason]."

-The real colluders.
TheGhostofOtto1923
3 / 5 (2) Dec 15, 2018
More lies...
-Birthers [started by hillary during primaries]
- Clinton Sex ring [nothing to do with trump]
- Norwegians raking leaves [FINNS do manage their forests, including using mechanical rakes to clear debris]
- Mexico paying for the wall [one way or the other]
- US paying most for NATO
[In 2017, the U.S. accounted for 51.1 percent of NATO's combined GDP and 71.7 percent of its combined defense expenditure].
- Denmark is a failing socialist state [??? Pure euro fake news?]
- Trumps inauguration being the most visited [original controversy started by lying press who published a photo before the bulk of the crowd had gotten there]

-Little people repeat blatant lies.
MR166
5 / 5 (1) Dec 15, 2018
I have been around for a LOT of years. In fact I remember when people actually read newspapers in order to become informed. Now there is no news only opinion or agenda driven news i.e. propaganda. Both sides of a story are never published. That is the definition of fake news. Fake news is not necessarily a pure lie but always leaves out mitigating facts.
Da Schneib
3 / 5 (2) Dec 15, 2018
https://www.polit...a-228388
It took the better part of a year (and two teams of researchers) to sift through the digital trail. We found ordinary people, online activists, bots, foreign agents and domestic political operatives. Many of them were associates of the Trump campaign.

Shall I continue, @Blotto the Bigot? It's obvious you worship the giant orange anus.
MR166
not rated yet Dec 15, 2018
Da the birther question was wrong on so many levels. So wrong in fact that I think it was a purposeful distraction of the public. When Ted Cruz was running it was made clear that it does not matter where one is born just as long as their mother was a US citizen at the time of their birth. All of the parties knew this, thus this was purposeful fraud committed by both parties.
Da Schneib
3 / 5 (2) Dec 15, 2018
So, @MR, you admit the giant orange anus was lying

Noted.
snoosebaum
not rated yet Dec 15, 2018
fake news about fake news ; the French long ago figured out what to do about it
Da Schneib
1 / 5 (1) Dec 15, 2018
Seems to work on the French as well, as could be noted back to the Terror. Maybe you forgot, @snooze.
snoosebaum
not rated yet Dec 15, 2018
at the time the white house issued a ' birth certificate ' , K Dennninger @ market ticker did pixel analysis , u could see the alterations
Da Schneib
3 / 5 (4) Dec 15, 2018
Wow, this dumbshiit @snooze doubles down.

No, sorry, burferism is debunked and discredited, and the Clinton campaign had no more to do with it than the rumors about a child sex ring in the basement of a pizza parlor that didn't have a basement.

Care to lie some more, @orangebuttboi?
MR166
not rated yet Dec 15, 2018
Da he was not a candidate at that time. Now if you want to ban every politician that was caught in a lie from running........................
Da Schneib
3.7 / 5 (3) Dec 15, 2018
You mean other than claiming Hillary made it up, @MR?

Maybe you forgot.
MR166
not rated yet Dec 15, 2018
The deep state probably created the birther issue to distract the public from CIA plans to destabilize the Middle East.
MR166
not rated yet Dec 15, 2018
"You mean other than claiming Hillary made it up, @MR?"

I did forget, please refresh my memory.
Da Schneib
3 / 5 (2) Dec 15, 2018
No, Republican operatives made it up, @MR:

https://www.polit...a-228388

Sorry you're all butthurt there was a black President and he got re-elected. Most people are better than you.

MR166
not rated yet Dec 15, 2018
Look Da all it would have taken is just ONE reporter to clarify the law for the public. THAT did not happen. This was a plan to distract from the very beginning. By who, I am not sure.
Da Schneib
3 / 5 (2) Dec 15, 2018
Look @MR everyone can see through your bigotry and sexism.
snoosebaum
1 / 5 (1) Dec 15, 2018
Da Schneib
3 / 5 (2) Dec 15, 2018
@snooze goes back to bigoted youtubes. Whatcha got, @snooze, more Alex Jones Russian troll farmer lies?
King Ghidora
2.6 / 5 (5) Dec 16, 2018
Anyone who believes "fake news" was just a term Trump came up with is deluded. I turned on the MSM when I watched events on C-SPAN and then watched the contortions and outright delusions of the media when they reported on the events that I had just watched. It was sickening. That was about 1992. The liberal media had it's way in this country far too long. I was a journalism major in college in the 1970's. I decided I would never work for a news outlet when I was told I would be expected to color the news to fit the whims of publishers. That isn't reporting. It's preaching.

And you Trump haters just make him stronger.
Anonym255557
3.4 / 5 (5) Dec 16, 2018
True news is balanced. So, of course, THIS article about "fake news" focuses on just one side, that of liberals. Yet it wonders why conservatives call MSM, er, fake news.
Anonym255557
3 / 5 (6) Dec 16, 2018
Da Schneib: ?"lots of new accounts that haven't made many posts until now"

Yup. Why oh why can't people just repeat liberal viewpoints instead of airing those disgusting, diverse, different opinions...the ones fake news ignores?.

>"All supporting fake news and trying to discredit anyone who argues against it."

Er, no. They're arguing against the fake news that says the Right creates fake news.
Da Schneib
2.3 / 5 (3) Dec 16, 2018
Yeah, we can tell, like Benghazi, right? Right?

Or the Clinton child sex ring in the basement of a pizza parlor that doesn't have a basement?

Pull the other leg, git who's got one post, that one's getting tired.

This one's so incompetent it's only been a member since tomorrow.

And two more who have been members since Halloween have posted on this thread as well.

What, you think no one's gonna notice?
Anonym255557
3 / 5 (6) Dec 16, 2018
Typical fakes news: Cuomo saying antifa are "good guys" because the name of the group they belong to means "anti-fascist."

You know, like North Korea must be a democracy because ITS name is the "Democratic People's Republic of Korea."

Liberal media-- like NPCs, SJWs, BLM, feminists, etc.-- mistake their biased theories for reality. They can't stand normies pointing that out.
Da Schneib
1 / 5 (2) Dec 16, 2018
Go tell the starshina it didn't work and you got caught, Vassily.

While you're at it take your giant orange anus with you before we put it in prison.
snoosebaum
5 / 5 (1) Dec 16, 2018
Peace Brothers,, now lets all join hands now and sing kumbaya and save the planet from CO2
Da Schneib
1 / 5 (1) Dec 16, 2018
Hey, I think it just called you "fake snooze."
Ryder
2.7 / 5 (7) Dec 16, 2018
"As president, Trump still denounces any information that displeases him as "fake news"."

Prove it.

Hilarious!!! I'd love to hear from the author how he verified this "fact" from two independent sources...
How funny is that... to implant fake news in an article about "fake news".

Even journalists, in the middle of decrying the problem of fake news... engage in it. Stunning.

This is why journalists are losing all respect.
Da Schneib
2 / 5 (4) Dec 16, 2018
Chuck Schumer just asked on the floor of the Senate why, if Mexico is paying for the wall, the US government is being shut down to pay for it.

Good question.

That enough proof for you?
V4Vendicar
3.7 / 5 (3) Dec 16, 2018
Lie

"Birthers [started by hillary during primaries]" - OttoTheCongenitalLiar

A lie exclusively spread by Trump supporters.

"Clinton Sex ring [nothing to do with trump]" - OttoTheCongenitalLiar

Trump claimed that the massive California fire was caused by a lack of raking. He lied.
What is even more damning is the idea that you can "rake" a forest. Pure Insanity.

"Norwegians raking leaves " - OttoTheCongentialLiar

"I was with the president of Finland and he said … we're a forest nation, he called it a forest nation, and they spend a lot of time on raking and cleaning and doing things. They don't have any problem, and what it is, it's a very small problem," Mr Trump said on Saturday

Finnish President Sauli Niinisto later disputed this. He told a local newspaper that he had briefed Trump on Finland's efforts to surveil and care for its forests, the Associated Press wrote, "but said he can't recall anything being mentioned on raking."

V4Vendicar
3 / 5 (2) Dec 16, 2018
Lie

"Mexico paying for the wall [one way or the other" = OttoTheCongenitalLiar

"US paying most for NATO" - OttoTheCongenitalLiar

There is no wall under construction and the big beautiful wall Trump imagines will never be built.

NATO Contributions

Defense spending within a country's domestic budget should not be confused with NATO contributions. As the largest NATO contributor, the United States currently accounts for 18 percent of all NATO contributions, as shown in the chart below. The other largest contributors (in order) are Germany, France, the United Kingdom, Italy, and Canada. A recent report by an independent Dutch auditing organization revealed that the United States contributed $1.7 billion to NATO in 2014, while the other NATO members contributed a total of $7.8 billion.

https://www.ameri...ZqH806i1

V4Vendicar
3.7 / 5 (3) Dec 16, 2018
"Denmark is a failing socialist state" - OttoTheCongenitalLiar

Nick Hækkerup of the Social Democrats also had harsh words for the White House's conclusions on the Nordic economies.

"This is a scare campaign. They are presenting misleading facts and misusing them to paint a picture that does not match reality. That report is not worth the paper it is written on," he told DR. "But even though Donald Trump is attempting a scare campaign, it doesn't make us shake in our boots here [in Denmark]. To the contrary, it makes us laugh."

V4Vendicar
3.7 / 5 (3) Dec 16, 2018
"Trumps inauguration being the most visited " - OttoTheCongenitalLiar

A government photographer edited official pictures of Donald Trump's inauguration to make the crowd appear bigger following a personal intervention from the president, according to newly released documents.

The photographer cropped out empty space "where the crowd ended" for a new set of pictures requested by Trump on the first morning of his presidency, after he was angered by images

https://www.thegu...s-edited
MR166
5 / 5 (2) Dec 16, 2018
Alas, I also remember when both parties at least appeared to have the best interests of our nation at heart. Now getting elected is their main focus, repaying their backers in the form of crony capitalism second and furthering the agenda is third. The "Good of the Nation" is conspicuously missing from the list. The rule of law has been turned into a 3 ring circus for strictly political gains and to support the existing power structure.

I can see from this article and ensuing discussion that many are too ignorant or biased to even care how today's actions will destroy our political system. Remember the old WWII saying " First they came for them then they came for me."!
TheGhostofOtto1923
5 / 5 (1) Dec 16, 2018
"Younger commercially managed forests are typically thinned out periodically, with some 25−30% of the trees removed during thinning. The increasing demand for wood for bioenergy has created new markets for the trees cut during such thinnings, and for logging residues such as branches and stumps which earlier used to be left in the forest."

"In Finland, after clear-cutting a forest area, crews use heavy machinery (similar to what is used in this video) to "rake" or gather tree harvesting residues..."
Pic of a forest rake:
https://wattsupwi...forests/
TheGhostofOtto1923
5 / 5 (1) Dec 16, 2018
A government photographer edited official pictures of Donald Trump's inauguration to make the crowd appear bigger
These pics are routinely edited. But like I say, the original photo used to defame trump was taken before the ceremonies began.

"Vendicar Decarian AKA Scuttle Nutts AKA Scott Nudds Long Time Troll
"Just to let everyone know... V-for-Vendicar is a long time troll
that for years now has been trolling groups to see how many people's
buttons he can push."

-You baiting me scott?
TheGhostofOtto1923
5 / 5 (2) Dec 16, 2018
Last one
There is no wall under construction
"A $145 million contract has been awarded to start the construction of a border wall along the U.S. Mexico border in Texas... Construction is scheduled to begin in February 2019."
MR166
5 / 5 (1) Dec 16, 2018
Posting on this thread is like playing "Wack-A-Mole". You can knock down one falsehood and up pops another one. Each and every day in this country truth in the form of a fair and balanced presentation of facts, is being sacrificed for the good of the "cause". Thus people cannot make a fair decision about people or events. This is a classic case of garbage in equals garbage out. BTW I do think that this confusion is being created on purpose in order to hide the master plan from the public. I am beginning to think that the whole Muller probe is nothing more than one more smoke screen to divert the public's attention from the real agenda of One World Government.
lafeet
1 / 5 (1) Dec 16, 2018
There needs to be a distinction made between "fake news" and "fake opinion"
It seems to me that much of the angst stems from opinions being regarded and labeled as fake.

"If you like your doctor you can keep your doctor."
Was that fake news? Fake opinion?
"The Truth"- is a noble objective that may never be achieved.
On the other hand a "Common Opinion" is not a worthy objective and neither was "The Tower of Babel." We should not seek to agree on everything all the time.
MR166
5 / 5 (3) Dec 16, 2018
"There needs to be a distinction made between "fake news" and "fake opinion""

At one time the media was very careful to keep the 2 separate. Now opinion is delivered as news.
MR166
5 / 5 (2) Dec 16, 2018
The recent death of the illegal immigrant child highlights the desire of the media to turn news into propaganda. They use most events as a platform to further their agenda and have no desire to actually present ALL of the facts and inform the public.
snoosebaum
3.7 / 5 (3) Dec 16, 2018
'' I am beginning to think that the whole Muller probe is nothing ''

beginning ? the russia thing was predicted @ armstrong economics months before the election as '' talk behind the curtain ''

by the way Armstrong makes remarkable predictions including the current 'loss of trust in government'' we are seeing now. Predictions that work , unlike those from climate science
Bert_Halls
2 / 5 (4) Dec 16, 2018
You're a dumbass piece of shit, and the evidence proves it:
https://fivethirt...tewater/
Bert_Halls
2 / 5 (4) Dec 16, 2018
So this comment page shows that at the end of the day, all the climate denialism, racism, and ignorance of this entire website emerges from a common root: the cult of Donald Trump. You fucking sycophants disgust me.
MR166
5 / 5 (2) Dec 16, 2018
Good for you Bert. You represent the Liberal position quite well.
Arkivx
3.7 / 5 (3) Dec 16, 2018
It looks like Phys org is trying to get in the fake news business too. The term originated on CNN when they were trying to demonize Alex Jones for having opinions on an opinion show and now leftist are crying about the label being applied to them, accurately.
TheGhostofOtto1923
5 / 5 (3) Dec 16, 2018
Posting on this thread is like playing "Wack-A-Mole". You can knock down one falsehood and up pops another one
The actions of tribalists against outsiders is often indistinquishable from those of the psychopath.

"Let us assume that in a dispute, one side is innocent, honest, and tells the truth. It is obvious that lying does an innocent person no good; what lie can he tell? If he is innocent, the only lie he can tell is to falsely confess "I did it." But lying is nothing but good for the liar. He can declare that "I didn't do it," and accuse another of doing it, all the while the innocent person he has accused is saying "I didn't do it," and is actually telling the truth.

"The truth - when twisted by good liars, can always make an innocent person look bad - especially if the innocent person is honest and admits his mistakes."
Cont>
TheGhostofOtto1923
5 / 5 (3) Dec 16, 2018
"The basic assumption that the truth lies between the testimony of the two sides always shifts the advantage to the lying side and away from the side telling the truth. Under most circumstances, this shift put together with the fact that the truth is going to also be twisted in such a way as to bring detriment to the innocent person, results in the advantage always resting in the hands of liars - psychopaths. Even the simple act of giving testimony under oath is useless. If a person is a liar, swearing an oath means nothing to that person. However, swearing an oath acts strongly on a serious, truthful witness. Again, the advantage is placed on the side of the liar. [Robert Canup]

"It has often been noted that psychopaths [AND TRIBALISTS] have a distinct advantage over human beings with conscience and feelings because the psychopath does not have conscience and feelings."

-The AGWites and antitrumpers here are a tribe. Dont expect an honest dialectic from them.
TheGhostofOtto1923
5 / 5 (4) Dec 16, 2018
It always takes more effort to debunk a lies than to tell it. Note the antialias screed above.
MR166
5 / 5 (3) Dec 16, 2018
Those who revel in the Trump inquisition also revel in the death of the US justice system. They really do not try to hide their absolute hatred of the US and the prosperity that it enjoys.
MR166
3.7 / 5 (3) Dec 16, 2018
The covert actions of the DOJ and FBI in their attempt to bring down a sitting president has never happened before in our history. They have done incalculable harm to the trustworthiness of the US justice system.
WhisAnonym647854
3 / 5 (4) Dec 17, 2018
WaPo headline: 'Nothing on this page is real': How lies become truth in online America

Deliberately publishing Fake News. Note the political party (D) of the person the article highlights. The Party of Lies (D) is a serious security risk to the country.

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