New kind of aurora is not an aurora at all

August 20, 2018, American Geophysical Union
Alberta Aurora Chasers capture STEVE, the new-to-science upper atmospheric phenomenon, on the evening of April 10, 2018 in Prince George, British Columbia, Canada. Fellow Aurora Chaser Robert Downie kneels in the foreground while photographer Ryan Sault captures the narrow ribbon of white-purple hues overhead. The vibrant green aurora is seen in the distant north, located to the right in the photo. In this issue, Gallardo-Lacourt et al. use a ground based all-sky imager and in situ satellite data to study the origin of STEVE. Their results demonstrate that STEVE is different than aurora since the observation is characterized by the absence of particle precipitation. Credit: Ryan Sault

Thin ribbons of purple and white light that sometimes appear in the night sky were dubbed a new type of aurora when brought to scientists' attention in 2016. But new research suggests these mysterious streams of light are not an aurora at all but an entirely new celestial phenomenon.

Amateur photographers had captured the new phenomenon, called STEVE, on film for decades. But the scientific community only got wind of STEVE in 2016. When scientists first looked at images of STEVE, they realized the lights were slightly different than light from typical auroras but were not sure what underlying mechanism was causing them.

In a new study, researchers analyzed a STEVE event in March 2008 to see whether it was produced in a similar manner as the aurora, which happens when showers of charged rain down into Earth's . The study's results suggest STEVE is produced by a different atmospheric process than the aurora, making it an entirely new type of optical phenomenon.

"Our main conclusion is that STEVE is not an aurora," said Bea Gallardo-Lacourt, a space physicist at the University of Calgary in Canada and lead author of the new study in Geophysical Research Letters, a journal of the American Geophysical Union. "So right now, we know very little about it. And that's the cool thing, because this has been known by photographers for decades. But for the scientists, it's completely unknown."

The study authors have dubbed STEVE a kind of "skyglow," or glowing light in the , that is distinct from the aurora.

Studying STEVE can help scientists better understand the upper atmosphere and the processes generating light in the sky, according to the authors.

"This is really interesting because we haven't figured it out and when you get a new problem, it's always exciting," said Joe Borovsky, a space physicist at the Space Science Institute in Los Alamos, New Mexico who was not connected to the new study. "It's like you think you know everything and it turns out you don't."

A different kind of light show

Auroras are produced when electrons and protons from Earth's magnetosphere, the region around Earth dominated by its magnetic field, rain down into the ionosphere, a region of charged particles in the upper atmosphere. When these electrons and protons become excited, they emit light of varying colors, most often green, red and blue.

A group of amateur auroral photographers brought STEVE to scientists' attention in 2016. A Facebook ground called the Alberta Aurora Chasers had occasionally noticed bright, thin streams of white and purple light running east to west in the Canadian night sky when they photographed the aurora.

Auroras are visible every night if viewing conditions are right, but the thin light ribbons of STEVE were only visible a few times per year. The light from STEVE was also showing up closer to the equator than the aurora, which can only be seen at high latitudes.

The photographers first thought the light ribbons were created by excited protons, but protons can only be photographed with special equipment. The light protons produce falls out of the range of wavelengths picked up by normal cameras.

The aurora chasers dubbed the light ribbon occurrences "Steve," a reference to the 2006 film Over the Hedge. When researchers presented data about the unusual lights at a 2016 scientific conference, a fellow space physicist proposed converting the name into the backronym STEVE, which stands for Strong Thermal Emission Velocity Enhancement, and the researchers adopted it.

Where does STEVE come from?

Scientists then started using data from satellites and images from ground-based observatories to try to understand what was causing the unusual light streaks. The first scientific study published on STEVE found a stream of fast-moving ions and super-hot electrons passing through the ionosphere right where STEVE was observed. The researchers suspected these particles were connected to STEVE somehow but were unsure whether they were responsible for producing it.

After that first study, of which Gallardo-Lacourt was a co-author, the researchers wanted to find out if STEVE's light is produced by particles raining down into the ionosphere, as typically happens with the , or by some other process. In the new study, Gallardo-Lacourt and her colleagues analyzed a STEVE event that happened over eastern Canada on March 28, 2008, using images from ground-based cameras that record auroras over North America.

They coupled the images with data from NOAA's Polar Orbiting Environmental Satellite 17 (POES-17), which happened to pass directly over the ground-based cameras during the STEVE event. The satellite is equipped with an instrument that can measure charged particles precipitating into the ionosphere.

The study's results suggest STEVE is an entirely new phenomenon distinct from typical auroras. The POES-17 satellite detected no charged particles raining down to the ionosphere during the STEVE event, which means it is likely produced by an entirely different mechanism, according to the authors.

The researchers said STEVE is a new kind of optical phenomenon they call "skyglow." Their next step is to see whether the streams of fast ions and hot electrons in the ionosphere are creating STEVE's light, or if the is produced higher up in the atmosphere.

Explore further: Mystery of purple lights in sky solved with help from citizen scientists

More information: "On the origin of STEVE: particle precipitation or ionospheric sky-glow?" Geophysical Research Letters (2018). DOI: 10.1029/2018GL078509 , https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/2018GL078509

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12 comments

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Surveillance_Egg_Unit
2.3 / 5 (6) Aug 20, 2018
STEVE is a probe that is emanating from a transparent extraterrestrial spacecraft that is far above Earth's magnetosphere. It can also be converted into a Death Ray.
Surveillance_Egg_Unit
2.6 / 5 (5) Aug 22, 2018
Until scientists/citizen scientists who are involved in the search for a plausible answer actually come up with one for this anomaly, my bit of conjecture is just as valid as any other.
And, who knows - in all the vastness of the Universe, perhaps there are Extraterrestrials who have found planet Earth and are causing natural and anomalous events - prior to a full-scale invasion.
Does anyone have the answer? Something of value, that is.
EnricM
5 / 5 (1) Aug 27, 2018
I don't know what it is, but it's Alines ~!1!
Whart1984
Aug 27, 2018
This comment has been removed by a moderator.
jonesdave
2 / 5 (4) Aug 27, 2018
http://media.graytvinc.com/images/810*443/Steve+Aurora.JPG could be related to current episode of global warming.


Ahh, Jeez. This idiot is back again! Go away, you tosser. Does that translate to Russian, or whatever the **** you speak, woo boy? Do one. Yes? Idiot.
Whart1984
Aug 27, 2018
This comment has been removed by a moderator.
EnricM
not rated yet Aug 28, 2018
You can recognize, that someone hits the spot, when he makes certain people suddenly violently upset. Check for example: https://www.googl...r+cloud? etc. Please note that these stuffs all come from official sources. I'm just collecting a pieces of puzzle - I'm not creating them.


And why is it relevant if people get upset or not? I would put an extra layer of tinfoil around my head, maybe some dark matter radiation from the Black Helicopters is coming through.

antialias_physorg
3 / 5 (4) Aug 28, 2018
You can recognize, that someone hits the spot, when he makes certain people suddenly violently upset.

Never discount that the one who made people upset is just an obtuse idiot. The likelihood of that is far, far, FAR greater.
Captain Stumpy
3 / 5 (2) Aug 28, 2018
@zeph
You can recognize, that someone hits the spot, when he makes certain people suddenly violently upset
it is far, far, far more likely that the "upset" is due to your oft-repeated pseudoscience mixed with delusional beliefs and regurgitated false claims coming from sock-puppets repeatedly spawning on the site as soon as one of your identities is banhammered for it's spamming, pseudoscience and repeated phishing with links to your personal sites

PS - an article isn't the same thing as a study. it's the *author's opinion* on the science, regardless of the references it may refer to, so linking them as justification for your belief is like linking a creationist page to "prove" the earth is only 6K yrs old
Whart1984
Aug 28, 2018
This comment has been removed by a moderator.
Captain Stumpy
1 / 5 (1) Aug 28, 2018
@zeph
Just try to think logically if you can
I've been trying to get you to do this for years, so try away
best hopes that you achieve it at least once
If some giant object like STEVE suddenly emerges on the sky
ah... so, you can't read then?
Amateur photographers had captured the new phenomenon, called STEVE, on film for decades. But the scientific community only got wind of STEVE in 2016
let me explain this to you in monosyllabic terms:
people have seen it for a long time
scientists require more than just someone's word (see: UFO)
scientists just gathered data that is not based on anecdote

see?
it's not that hard
try this link next: www.readingbear.org

then we should be pretty sure, that something around Earth radically changed
assumption
this is no different than the UFO argument that because they don't know what it is it, therefore, must be aliens

it's idiotic
and it sure as hell ain't logic
barakn
5 / 5 (1) Aug 28, 2018
He probably thinks, I'm Russian because English is not my native language and I'm doubting the anthropogenic origin of global warming. He just extrapolates from crystal ball too.

Czech. That's so different from Russian.

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