Scientists make first 'on demand' entanglement link

Delft scientists make first 'on demand' entanglement link
An artist impression of a quantum network based on Nitrogen Vacancies qubits in diamond. Credit: Scixel/TU Delft

Researchers at QuTech in Delft have succeeded in generating quantum entanglement between two quantum chips faster than the entanglement is lost. Via a novel smart entanglement protocol and careful protection of the entanglement, the scientists led by Prof. Ronald Hanson are the first in the world to deliver such a quantum link on demand. This opens the door to connect multiple quantum nodes and create the very first quantum network in the world. Their results are published in Nature.

By exploiting the power of quantum entanglement, it is theoretically possible to build a invulnerable to eavesdropping. However, the realization of such a is a real challenge—it is necessary to create entanglement reliably on demand, and maintain it long enough to pass the entangled information to the next node. So far, this has been beyond the capabilities of quantum experiments.

Scientists at QuTech in Delft have are now the first to experimentally generate entanglement over a distance of two metres in a fraction of a second, on demand, and theoretically maintain this entanglement long enough to enable entanglement to a third node. "The challenge is now to be the first to create a of multiple entangled nodes—the first version of a quantum internet," professor Hanson says.

In 2015, Ronald Hanson's research group was the first to generate long-lived quantum entanglement over a long distance (1.3 kilometres), , allowing them to provide full experimental proof of for the first time. This experiment is the basis of their current approach to developing a quantum internet. Distant single electrons on diamond chips are entangled using photons as mediators. However, this experiment has not had the necessary performance to create a real quantum network. Hanson says, "In 2015, we managed to establish a connection once an hour, while the connection only remained active for a fraction of a second. It was impossible to add a third node, let alone multiple nodes, to the network."

Delft scientists make first 'on demand' entanglement link
Researchers from QuTech in Delft working on the 'entanglement on demand' experiment'. From left to right: prof. Ronald Hanson, dr. Peter Humphreys and dr. Norbert Kalb, all from the group of prof Ronald Hanson of Delft University. Credit: TU Delft/Marieke de Lorijn

The scientists have now made multiple innovative improvements to the experiment. First of all, they demonstrated a new entanglement method. This allows for the generation of entanglement 40 times a second between electrons at a distance of two metres. Co-author Peter Humphreys says, "This is a thousand times faster than with the old method." In combination with a smart way of protecting the quantum link from external noise, the experiment has now surpassed a crucial threshold. For the first time, entanglement can be created faster than it is lost.

Through technical improvements, the experimental setup is now always ready for entanglement-on-demand. Hanson says, "Just like in the current internet, we always want to be online, the system has to entangle on each request." The scientists have achieved this by adding smart quality checks. Humphreys says, "These checks only take a fraction of the total experimental time, while allowing us to ensure that our system is ready for entanglement, without any manual action."

The researchers demonstrated last year that they were able to protect a quantum entangled link while a new connection was generated. By combining this and their new results, they are ready to create quantum networks with more than two nodes. The Delft scientists now plan to realize such a network between several quantum nodes. Hanson says, "Together with partners such as KPN, we want to connect four cities in the Netherlands by 2020 via quantum . This will be the very first internet in the world."

Explore further

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More information: Deterministic delivery of remote entanglement on a quantum network, Nature (2018). DOI: 10.1038/s41586-018-0200-5 ,
Journal information: Nature

Citation: Scientists make first 'on demand' entanglement link (2018, June 13) retrieved 23 July 2019 from
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User comments

Jun 13, 2018
Hurry, The world is waiting........ You can do it ! !

Jun 14, 2018
This is needed. But first it needs to be verified. To my understanding this phenomenon is supposed to have the underpinnings of the Heizenberg Uncertainty Principle and other aspects that are supposed to support the overall theory of quantum mechanics. But there was an experiment done that refuted the HUP.

"In addition to the invalidation of the HUP as the basis of the wave particle duality, the other
aspect of the HUP, the measurement-disturbance relationship of the HUP, has been tested for the first time and experimentally disproved" [L. A. Rozema, A. Darabi, D. H. Mahler, A. Hayat, Y. Soudagar, A. M. Steinberg, "Violation of Heisenberg's
Measurement-Disturbance Relationship by Weak Measurements," Phys. Rev. Lett., 109 (2012), 100404.].:
pp 1638
Also the Aspect experiment at Bell Labs was also refuted:
The Aspect Experiment-No Spooky Action at a Distance

Jun 14, 2018
Cashme, what you are missing is the continuing improvements of the technology to enable detection of entanglement at a distance.

And not just better instruments but greater collections of data to be analyzed with more refined methodology.

In science, what might have been a reasonable speculation? Attempts to produce a verifiable prediction. Which becomes an experiment. That results in ambiguous conclusions. That prompts new speculations on how to produce new experiments. And so, on it goes.

As time passes, our knowledge grows ever more obsolete. Just as every college TA lecturing you in your courses would mock the failures of dead researchers. After all, in our greater wisdom, we know everything now!

Another generation or two, it will be their turned to be mocked by future TA's.

And yes, so it does keep going.

Jun 15, 2018
Could this technology be leading to an instantaneous communication method to interface with other intelligent life in the universe?

Jun 19, 2018
Could this technology be leading to an instantaneous communication method to interface with other intelligent life in the universe?

yes most certainly

Jun 19, 2018
No, most definitely not. Classical information is still limited to C.

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