Miniaturizing America's tallest dam

Miniaturizing America's tallest dam
Engineers at the Utah Water Research Lab constructed a 1:50 scale model of the Oroville Dam spillway. Credit: Matt Jensen/Utah State University

Engineers at Utah State University's Utah Water Research Laboratory have constructed a 1:50 scale model of the Oroville Dam spillway.

Chief engineers Dr. Michael Johnson and Dr. Zachary Sharp worked with a team of 15 engineers and technicians to construct the working in just 40 days.

The approximately 100-foot-long, 60-foot-wide model replicates the spillway in its current state and features the terrain conditions that were formed following the damaging flow events in February. Johnson and his team are taking measurements on various sections of the model to determine depth of flows, wave action, pressures, velocity profiles and more.

Johnson, who specializes in fluid mechanics and experimental hydraulics, says the model will provide useful information about hydraulic conditions in and around the damaged spillway.

"Our goal is to assist the design team in California in making the best decisions moving forward with data from the model," said Johnson. "Data from the model will provide useful information that will help engineers make better-informed decisions about repair and replacement."

Engineers at the Utah Research Lab constructed 1:50 scale model of the Oroville Dam spillway. Credit: Matt Jensen/Utah State University

This is the second time a Utah Water Research Lab team has been involved with engineering efforts at Oroville Dam. Johnson helped design an engineering solution that improves the river valve outlet system in low-level reservoir . His work helped alleviate the effects of drought from 2014-2016.

Miniaturizing America's tallest dam
Dr. Zachary Sharp, left, and Dr. Michael Johnson are the chief engineers on the project. Johnson specializes in experimental hydraulics and has designed other engineering solutions for Oroville Dam. Credit: Matt Jensen/Utah State University

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Citation: Miniaturizing America's tallest dam (2017, June 9) retrieved 26 June 2019 from
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Jun 09, 2017
I live downstream of the Oroville dam. The reservoir's total capacity is 3.5 million acre-feet or 4.3 billion cubic meters. The dam's spillway failed in early February, there were 188,000 people evacuated from the immediate area, and we feared that the emergency spillway erosion would lead to a total failure, permitting the top 10m of water coming out all at once.

Our infrastructure is crumbling, it's just plain dumb luck we don't have 25,000 fresh graves due to our collective negligence.

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