Report: Mexican journalists, activists targeted with spyware

June 19, 2017 by Peter Orsi And Christopher Sherman

Mexican journalists, lawyers and activists were targeted by spyware produced by Israel's NSO Group that is sold exclusively to governments, according to an internet watchdog group's investigation published Monday.

Titled "Reckless Exploit," the report by Citizen Lab at the University of Toronto said the targets included people, such as prominent journalists Carmen Aristegui and Carlos Loret de Mola, who were investigating alleged government corruption and purported human rights abuses by security forces.

The people targeted received messages with links that, if clicked on, opened up their devices to being exploited and spied upon.

NSO's Pegasus spyware allows hackers access to phone calls, messages, cameras and personal data. The company says it sells the product only to governments for the purposes of fighting crime and terrorism.

Citizen Lab said it had "no conclusive evidence attributing these messages to specific government agencies in Mexico. However, circumstantial evidence suggests that one or more ... of NSO's government customers in Mexico are the likely operators."

The report noted that the targets involved "domestic issues of immediate concern to powerful Mexican interests" and the government, and that "multiple government agencies in Mexico are reportedly NSO customers."

Mexico issued a statement saying that just like any other democratic country, it conducts intelligence operations to combat organized crime and defend national security. But it denied any illegal spying.

"The Government of the Republic categorically denies that any of its entities carries out actions of surveillance or intercepting communications from human rights defenders, journalists, anti-corruption activists or any other person without prior judicial authorization," it said.

Citizen Lab said it documented at least 76 messages containing links to the security exploit. Many were sent in August 2015 or between April and July of the following year.

Other targets included members of the Centro Miguel Agustin Pro Juarez, a prominent human rights group that has investigated cases such as the disappearance of 43 students whom police allegedly detained and turned over to drug gang killers; the anti-graft group Mexicans Against Corruption and Impunity; and the Mexican Institute for Competitiveness, a civil society group working on economic policy and combatting corruption.

Aristegui, who exposed a case of possible conflict of interest involving a luxury home acquired from a government contractor by President Enrique Pena Nieto's wife, was aggressively targeted according to Citizen Lab.

She received more than two-dozen messages with NSO links claiming to be from "the U.S. Embassy in Mexico, Amber Alerts, colleagues, people in her personal life, her bank, phone company and notifications of kidnappings," the report said.

Citizen Lab said some family members of the targets also received spyware messages, including Aristegui's son who was a minor at the time and got at least 21 of them.

At a news conference in Mexico City, Ana Cristina Ruelas of the media rights group Articulo 19 read a statement demanding the government make public any information it has on the spying revealed by the report and investigate possible punishments for those responsible.

"Espionage in Mexico has become an effective mechanism of intimidation against human rights defenders, activists and journalists," it said. "It constitutes a form of control over the flow of information and abuse of power."

"Enrique Pena Nieto must explain," Aristegui said.

Frank Smyth, executive director of the U.S. group Global Journalist Security, praised Citizen Lab for documenting the surveillance and called it a reminder of the perils that spyware represents in an increasingly wired world.

"This is an escalation of surveillance, but it's a predictable one considering our technological capabilities and potential," Smyth said.

Citizen Lab reported in February that the NSO spyware had been used against Mexican activists who campaigned against sugary drinks and junk food.

Explore further: Report: Mexican activists suffer spyware hack attempt

Related Stories

Report: Mexican activists suffer spyware hack attempt

February 12, 2017

An internet watchdog group said Saturday that a spyware hacking attempt targeted activists who campaigned against soft drinks and junk foods, and purportedly used Israeli-produced software sold to governments.

Rights groups release anti-surveillance software

November 20, 2014

A coalition of human rights and technology groups including Amnesty International on Thursday launched new software to allow journalists and activists to check if their computers are being spied on.

Apple issues update after cyber weapon captured

August 26, 2016

Apple iPhone owners on Friday were urged to install a quickly released security update after a sophisticated attack on an Emirati dissident exposed vulnerabilities targeted by cyber arms dealers.

Recommended for you

Virtually modelling the human brain in a computer

April 19, 2018

Neurons that remain active even after the triggering stimulus has been silenced form the basis of short-term memory. The brain uses rhythmically active neurons to combine larger groups of neurons into functional units. Until ...

'Poker face' stripped away by new-age tech

April 14, 2018

Dolby Laboratories chief scientist Poppy Crum tells of a fast-coming time when technology will see right through people no matter how hard they try to hide their feelings.


Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.