Research uses heat to predict species most threatened by climate change

Research uses heat to predict species most threatened by climate change
Drosophila melanogaster. Credit: Dr Andrew Weeks

Climate change is a threat to all species, but which species will be under the greatest threat?

The question is at the centre of research by a Monash University biologist Dr Vanessa Kellermann, who examines heat resistance – or 'thermal history' - to determine which will suffer more as a result of climate change.

The latest development in Dr Kellermann's work was published recently in Proceedings of the Royal Society B.

"Getting accurate predictions of a species' risk to climate change is no easy task," Dr Kellermann said.

"One way is to take species from the field and estimate heat resistance and see how close this estimate is to future climate projections," she said.

The closer a species' heat tolerance is to maximum temperature of the environment the more at risk a species is to climate change.

However, estimates of might be influenced by the environment a species is collected from.

A species that grows up in a warm environment may have higher heat resistance than a species that grows up in a cold environment and this difference may be due to the environment they experience rather than their genes, explains Dr Kellermann.

The study aimed to determine the extent to which estimates of heat resistance, a frequently used measure for change risk, are sensitive to changes in temperature during developmental or changes in temperature as adults.

Examining the model species Drosophila melanogaster (common fruit fly) the researchers found that temperatures experienced during development had a bigger effect on a species' than temperatures experienced as an adult.

"Our study shows that current predictions of risk for different species might be influenced by the environment they are collected in," Dr Kellermann said.


Explore further

Evolutionary capacity of many fruit fly species will lag behind pace of climate change, researchers say

More information: Vanessa Kellermann et al. How important is thermal history? Evidence for lasting effects of developmental temperature on upper thermal limits in, Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences (2017). DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2017.0447
Provided by Monash University
Citation: Research uses heat to predict species most threatened by climate change (2017, May 30) retrieved 25 June 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2017-05-species-threatened-climate.html
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
15 shares

Feedback to editors

User comments

May 30, 2017
So they take 3 flies and which ever one dies first when they raise the temperature is the one that is most affected?

May 30, 2017
No. They take many samples of each species. From the looks of it, they also looked at how the young would be affected as opposed to the old.

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more