Nano-level lubricant tuning improves material for electronic devices and surface coatings

February 10, 2017
Scanning electron microscope image of atomically-thin MoS2 with hierarchical, dual-scale structures. Credit: SungWoo Nam, University of Illinois

Molybdenum disulfide (MoS2), which is ubiquitously used as a solid lubricant, has recently been shown to have a two-dimensional (2D) form that is similar to graphene. But, when thinned down to less than a nanometer thick, MoS2 demonstrates properties with great promise as a functional material for electronic devices and surface coatings.

Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have developed a new approach to dynamically tune the micro- and nano-scale roughness of atomically thin MoS2, and consequently the appropriate degree of hydrophobicity for various potential MoS2-based .

"The knowledge of how new materials interact with water is a fundamental," explained SungWoo Nam, an assistant professor of mechanical science and engineering at Illinois. "Whereas the wettability of its more famous cousin, graphene, has been substantially investigated, that of atomically thin MoS2—in particular atomically thin MoS2 with micro- and nano-scale roughness—has remained relatively unexplored despite its strong potential for fundamental research and device applications. Notably, systematic study of how hierarchical microscale and nanoscale roughness of MoS2 influence its wettability has been lacking in the scientific community."

"This work will provide a new approach to dynamically tune the micro- and nano-scale roughness of atomically thin MoS2 and consequently the appropriate degree of hydrophobicity for various potential MoS2-based applications," stated Jonghyun Choi, a mechanical engineering graduate student and first author of the article, "Hierarchical, Dual-Scale Structures of Atomically Thin MoS2 for Tunable Wetting," appearing in the journal, Nano Letters. "These include waterproof with superhydrophobicity with water contact angle greater than 150 degrees. It may also be useful for medical applications with reduced hydrophobicity (WCA less than 100 degrees) for effective contact with biological substances. "

Image shows how controlled and dynamic surface architecturing/roughening of atomically thin MoS2 affects wettability. Credit: SungWoo Nam, University of Illinois

According to the authors, this study, expands the toolkit to allow tunable wettability of 2D materials, many of which are just beginning to be discovered.

"When deformed and patterned to produce micro- and nano-scale structures, MoS2 shows promise as a functional material for hydrogen evolution catalysis systems, electrodes for alkali metal-ion batteries, and field-emission arrays," Nam added. "The results should also contribute to future MoS2-based applications, such as tunable wettability coatings for desalination and hydrogen evolution."

Images of atomically thin MoS2 with micro- and nano-scale roughnesses and their corresponding water contact angles. Credit: SungWoo Nam, University of Illinois

Explore further: Explaining how 2-D materials break at the atomic level

More information: Jonghyun Choi et al, Hierarchical, Dual-Scale Structures of Atomically Thin MoSfor Tunable Wetting, Nano Letters (2017). DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.6b05066

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abecedarian
not rated yet Feb 11, 2017
Curious how this would compare to a 'diamond-like coating'....

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