Improved measurements of antiproton's magnetic moment deepen mystery of baryonic asymmetry

January 18, 2017, RIKEN
BASE experiment using the CERN antiproton decelerator in Geneva: Shown here are the superconducting magnet that houses the Penning trap and the antiproton transfer beam tube. Credit: Stefan Sellner, RIKEN

One of the deepest mysteries of physics today is why we seem to live in a world composed only of matter, while the Big Bang should have created equal amounts of matter and antimatter. Around the world, scientists including Stefan Ulmer's team from RIKEN, are designing and carrying out high-precision measurements to try to discover fundamental dissimilarities between matter and antimatter that could lead to the discrepancy.

In work published in Nature Communications, Ulmer's team has found that the magnetic moment of the antiproton is extremely close to that of the proton. The researchers used a sophisticated technique with six-fold higher accuracy than previously, which involves trapping individual particles in a magnetic device.

To perform the experiments, they took antiprotons generated by CERN's Antiproton Decelerator and placed them into a powerful magnetic device—called a Penning trap—where they could be stored for periods of more than a year. When doing the measurements—at times carefully chosen to fall during night shifts or on weekends to minimize magnetic interference—they took individual antiprotons from the containment trap and moved them into another trap, where they were cooled to nearly absolute zero and placed into a powerful and complex magnetic field, allowing the group to measure the magnetic moment.

Based on six measurements done using this method, the group found that the moment (g-factor) of the antiproton is 2.7928465(23), while that of the proton was previously found to be 2.792847350(9)—with the number in parentheses indicating the amount of uncertainty in the final digits. This puts the two measurements—which are both absolute, rather than relative ones—to within 0.8 parts per million of one another.

According to Ulmer, "We see a deep contradiction between the standard model of particle physics, under which the proton and antiproton are identical mirror images of one another, and the fact that on cosmological scales, there is an enormous gap between the amount of matter and antimatter in the universe. Our experiment has shown, based on a measurement six times more precise than any done before, that the holds up, and that there seems, in fact, to be no difference in the proton/antiproton magnetic moments at the achieved measurement uncertainty. We did not find any evidence for CPT violation."

In future experiments, the team plans to target the application of an even more sophisticated double Penning trap technique. With this method, 1000-fold improved measurements are possible. The group has already applied this technique to measure the proton and has the set of required methods at hand to conduct this measurement with the antiproton as well. "However, the implementation of this experimental scheme is technically very challenging, and will require several iterations", says Hiroki Nagahama, a Ph.D. student in Ulmer's group and first author of the study. "We are planning to conduct this measurement in one of the next runs."

Explore further: Zeroing in on the proton's magnetic moment

More information: Nature Communications, DOI: 10.1038/NCOMMS14084

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Hyperfuzzy
Jan 19, 2017
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Hyperfuzzy
not rated yet Jan 19, 2017
I say throw away the 20th centuries mistakes of being correct to a Heisenberg uncertainty with a non-causal theory. It is never absolute! Try only Diametrical Spherical Fields(DSFs).

That's all that Maxwell shows or the empirical collection of Truth vs the theoretical collection of guesses.
nikola_milovic_378
Jan 21, 2017
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Hyperfuzzy
1 / 5 (1) Jan 21, 2017
When the particle 3kg (3 quarks and gluons three, he entered a positron, is formed by proton and antiproton occurs when the particle that enters the electron, proton and antiproton are all the same, only they spn bucking directions. The magnetic field can be changed only changing the number of gluons in any area. and proton and antiproton have the same number of quarks and gluons, only their electrical charge is different.

There are no particles, charge does not have mass. Charge is exactly defined as a spherical field that exist from its center to infinity. No particle. I don't even know how to parse the above.
Merrit
not rated yet Jan 26, 2017
We have no idea if the universe is finite or infinite and subsequently we have no idea the significance of our observable universe. The universe could actually be dominated by antimatter even the our observable universe is dominated by matter. It doesn't hurt to do these type of experiments though. Much easier than directly observing the entire universe.
Hyperfuzzy
not rated yet Jan 26, 2017
We have no idea if the universe is finite or infinite and subsequently we have no idea the significance of our observable universe. The universe could actually be dominated by antimatter even the our observable universe is dominated by matter. It doesn't hurt to do these type of experiments though. Much easier than directly observing the entire universe.

What you see is what you get. What you imagine is what you imagine. What you believe is what you believe. What is is. We only see fields, no particles, no matter how it's weighed! The above is an admission of helplessness.

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