When wage earners are deported, Latinos lose their homes

When wage earners are deported, Latinos lose their homes
Latinos deported by Immigration and Customs Enforcement reached record levels, driving the rapid expansion of Latino household foreclosures. Credit: Wendy Kenigsberg/University Communications

Early in his presidential campaign, Donald Trump said he would deport all of the estimated 11 million immigrants who are in the United States illegally.

If the president-elect keeps his word, more deportations under his administration would mean devastating losses to legal Latino homeowners – and the communities they live in.

New research by a Cornell demographer suggests that deportation of undocumented Latinos results in higher rates of foreclosure. That's because a sizable share of legal Latino homeowners live with undocumented wage earners who contribute to the household income; about one-third of undocumented Latinos live in homes owned by legal Latinos. When these wage earners are deported, the household loses income and starts down the path to foreclosure.

The reduced home ownership, and the loss of wealth that comes with it, illustrates how legal status and deportation contribute to racial inequality, said Matthew Hall, associate professor of policy analysis and management.

Hall co-authored the study, "Deporting the American Dream: Immigration Enforcement and Latino Foreclosures," which was published Dec. 8 in Sociological Science with Jacob Rugh, assistant professor of sociology at Brigham Young University.

"To a large degree, America's future is going to depend on our ability to successfully integrate the young Latino population. Regardless of what happens with immigration policy, the Latino population will continue to grow," Hall said. "Foreclosure and immigration enforcement affect these households in significantly negative ways, so there's a question of whether we are derailing our own future by handicapping these families."

Unlike some policy areas, Trump can change policies on his first day in office and does not need congressional approval to do so.

"We don't know exactly what the Trump administration is going to do," Hall said. "But if we take Trump at his word … we should assume that deportations are most likely going to increase – and perhaps dramatically so.

One important fact has been lost in the conversation about immigration, he said: The number of people crossing the border illegally is at a 40-year record low. "These high levels of deportation are occurring during a time when the undocumented population is actually shrinking," he said. Moreover, the United States is already deporting a lot of people. There has been a record increase in the number of deportations, with the Department of Homeland Security deporting 235,000 individuals in 2015. "The arrival of the Trump administration is likely to at least continue those trends," Hall said.

The authors found that from 2005 to 2012, Latinos were buffeted by two major forces: a record number of deportations and the housing foreclosure crisis. The increase in deportations partly stemmed from a section of 1996 immigration reforms, known as 287(g), that "deputized" local police forces with unprecedented latitude to pursue and deport immigrants living in the United States. Despite heated rhetoric about existing enforcement priorities, the number of deportations exploded during the 2000s, with nearly 3 million being deported between 2001 and 2011. At the same time, Latinos were buying homes at rapid rates just when the housing bubble started to burst.

Comparing foreclosures in Latino households in 42 counties with 287(g) enforcement to counties without it, the researchers found deportations greatly exacerbated foreclosure rates among Latinos by removing income earners from owner-occupied households. Foreclosure rates in 287(g) counties were 68 percent higher than in otherwise similar non-287(g) counties.

The dynamic helps to explain why Latino households lost their homes to foreclosure more often than any other racial group during the housing crash, Hall said.

"The collision of these forces – deportation and foreclosure – was facilitated by the rapid incorporation of Latinos during the housing boom, when risky mortgage terms were the norm," Hall said.

The study's results are relevant not only because of concerns about increased deportations, but because the regulatory environment around mortgages remains mostly the same.

The bigger implication is that the negative effects of a single deportation can create a ripple effect that could damage the surrounding community. Foreclosures often result in vacant or abandoned houses, leading to crime and civic disengagement. That in turn can reduce the value of homes in the neighborhood, leading to yet more foreclosures. And communities lose out on tax revenue from those homes.

"So much of immigration policy is unfortunately driven by emotional appeal and not by cost-benefit analysis or any kind of empirical assessment," Hall said. "My concern is that as efforts to deport people are ramped up, we do not lose sight of how deportations not only destroy families – many of whom are U.S. citizens – but also harm communities and local economies."


Explore further

Home foreclosures fueled racial segregation in US

More information: Jacob Rugh et al. Deporting the American Dream: Immigration Enforcement and Latino Foreclosures, Sociological Science (2016). DOI: 10.15195/v3.a46
Journal information: Sociological Science

Provided by Cornell University
Citation: When wage earners are deported, Latinos lose their homes (2016, December 9) retrieved 23 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2016-12-wage-earners-deported-latinos-homes.html
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Dec 09, 2016
How is this different for any criminal that's caught and dealt with. I think among criminals there is a saying that goes somthing like this "Don't do the crime, if you can't do the time".

The word criminal here means someone that intentionally commits a crime no mater the reason.

If I ask someone not to come into my house, unless they are invited by me, and they do anyway that could be called a home invasion. Sure I understand they just want a better life by taking my stuff for their family.
But they are still a criminal.

Dec 09, 2016
It is just hate and poor character which throws out established families.

They try to rationalize it, but most conservatives are just as crooked as the sneaks who come in. In fact, I trust those who come to work for a better life than those who were born here, spoiled, and nasty. American Exceptionalism is based on the immigrants, not the goobers whose forebears squatted here.

Dec 09, 2016
@STOLEN VALOR LIAR-kam
American Exceptionalism is based on the immigrants, not the goobers whose forebears squatted here.
really?

so those tribes who "squatted here" deserved their genocide, did they?

sorry, but that kind of hate speech is the mark of an extremely prejudiced racist narcissistic idiot... and as such, per your own requests - well, you know

Dec 09, 2016
most conservatives are just as crooked as the sneaks who come in

Is that hate talking? Or are you admitting the ones that sneak in are crooked?

We all did not get the invite to come to your house on thanksgiving. What are you implying? Are you saying there is just so much room at your house and you don't have room for everybody? Or do you just hate us all, so your not inviting us over?

Dec 09, 2016
"so those tribes who "squatted here" deserved their genocide, did they?"
--------------------------------

Your mind is twisted by your resentment of those who bettered you.

We get American Exceptionalism from the character of our immigrants who come here not for free food but to earn a better life for their families. The lazy ones stay at home, like you.

The real cowards hide.

Dec 09, 2016
"Is that hate talking? Or are you admitting the ones that sneak in are crooked?"
-------------------------------

No, I am drawing a comparison between real people fighting for their families over the born-here spoiled brats who think they are better than others because they were born with more money and opportunity.

Those folk I know here who are technically illegal are much better people than those who elected Trump, the admitted pu$$y-grabber.

Dec 09, 2016
"so those tribes who "squatted here" deserved their genocide, did they?"

If you feel that way please tell us you gave your land, car, and belongs back to them. Or is that just your mouth talking?

Dec 09, 2016
If you feel that way please tell us you gave your land, car, and belongs back to them. Or is that just your mouth talking?
@rderkis
Why would i give my land back to me?

that makes no sense at all...

PS - i personally don't have a problem with immigration at all... i think that they built a great melting pot of a nation and it's served a very important source for new blood and ideas as well as introduction to new cultures and ideals

i rather think its a great thing and that it should continue

I just don't like hate speech like what gkam says because he's an idiot, and that is proven already on PO alone

oh and just FYI - i am half-Oglala

Dec 09, 2016
Why would i give my land back to me?
oh and just FYI - i am half-Oglala


And just what arrogance makes you think the Oglalas were the first to reach north America and never took land from anyone else?
The way of ALL people is to conquer. If the Oglalas never took land from anyone else they would be extinct.

Dec 09, 2016
And just what arrogance makes you think the Oglalas were the first to reach north America and never took land from anyone else?
@rderkis
1- i never made such a claim or assumption
Because
2- i absolutely know for a fact that we took the land we hunted and claimed for our own from weaker tribes

try re-reading what i posted - especially the last post which you quoted from

slow down and actually read it - and don't make assumptions
it makes you look like a complete idiot

Dec 09, 2016
Once again -- Well then If you feel that way please tell us you gave your land, car, and belongs back to the people the Oglalas stole it from . Or is that just your mouth talking?

Dec 09, 2016
Once again -- Well then If you feel that way please tell us you gave your land, car, and belongs back to the people the Oglalas stole it from . Or is that just your mouth talking?
@rderkis
1- is your head stuck up your arse?

2- again, and i will type this slowly since i know you can't read well... try re-reading what i wrote

3- use this link to help you: http://readingbear.org/

4- FOAD

it's nice to see critical thinking was bred out of your family - it explains a lot about the typical troll here on PO

.

oops - better add this: feel free to keep on arguing
until you can actually comprehend what was written, there really isn't a point continuing the conversation

mostly because i can't draw pictures that actually would help you understand what was written - my artistic talent is not that good and obviously reading and comprehension isn't something you're familiar with

enjoy that link!
hope it helps you

Dec 09, 2016
Quote from Captain Stumpy
1- is your head stuck up your arse?

Sure sound like hate speech to me!?
Do you only feel this much hate when someone disagrees with you or do you feel the rage all the time?

Dec 09, 2016
BTW I know this sounds hateful and unlike you feel but --- I don't care what nationality, what religion, how smart or young they are, I don't want anyone coming into my house uninvited.

Dec 10, 2016
BTW I know this sounds hateful and unlike you feel but --- I don't care what nationality, what religion, how smart or young they are, I don't want anyone coming into my house uninvited.
@rderkis
now this right here is where we have our problem... and no, it wasn't hate speech, it was a reminder to pull your head out before posting

if you will read above and look at the voting, you will note that i happened to agree with your first post - an illegal act should be met with the requisite legal action and response

that means that there is no sympathy to criminals who are caught doing something illegal, in case you didn't understand what i wrote

that is what the rule of law means

so you've just demonstrated that you did NOT read or comprehend my posts at all, and that you made ASSumptions about what i meant while completely ignoring the evidence

again, for your future, please use this link: http://readingbear.org/


Dec 11, 2016
Captain Stumpy, why should I believe a word you say? You have already proved your a liar. You said last time you wrote to me that you were putting me on your "Ignore User" list. I was so glad for that. But after reading your posts to me, I knew you were not a man of your word and now you have proven it!

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