Research prepares for a 'sharing economy' in renewable electric power

Making the most of clean energy
Researchers at Lehigh University are exploring how an integration of distributed renewable energy capture can be aggregated for higher overall utilization -- and associated decreased consumption of fossil-fuel-based sources. Credit: Lehigh University, P.C. Rossin College of Engineering and Applied Science

Recent years have witnessed the rise of an economic revolution—the so-called sharing economy. Businesses such as Uber, Lyft, and Airbnb have created a new kind of marketplace, in essence, by relying on the investments of others.

Could the electricity marketplace be next?

Boris Defourny, assistant professor of industrial and systems engineering at Lehigh University and member of its Integrated Networks for Electricity (INE) research cluster, seeks to understand how this could take shape. He's recently won a grant from the National Science Foundation to analyze associated market models and develop theory and algorithmic strategies to help optimize the integration of for usage across the power grid.

A 'network effect' boost to our environment

Defourny believes the distributed nature of renewable capture, which can reasonably be undertaken by everyone from individual households to major corporations and government agencies, makes it ripe for a similar economic disruption.

"Renewables are on the rise," he says. "Currently, about 10 percent of U.S. electric power comes from . In some countries this can be as much as 20 percent, thanks to interconnections with neighbors. Yet in terms of instantaneous production levels, wind and solar are inherently volatile, and as such cannot be relied upon and fully utilized. This variability gives rise to the idea that a better coordination of these smaller, diverse, distributed power sources, coupled with an expansion of distributed energy storage resources, would allow for greater overall utilization of clean, renewable energy."

Defourny sees a day in the not-so-distant future where small energy producers and residential consumers who have invested in will be incentivized to become suppliers of . Load aggregators and utility firms will be able to leverage that clean power for other customers in real-time, even as its supply, and overall demand, fluctuates.

At the moment, he says, contractual and operational issues stand in the way. Yet the fact remains—the ability to seamlessly integrate more clean energy into the grid would, by definition, drastically reduce reliance on fossil fuels as well as associated environmental impact.

"Today, anyone can sell energy 'back' to the grid, but the risks are economically prohibitive," he says."And under the current approach, power companies are operationally constrained from relying upon and distributing this power."

Defourny is looking to develop business and technology models that would create mutually-agreeable conditions for both the consumer/supplier and the utility firms. His goal is to better understand issues such as the sharing of associated economic risk, required payment mechanisms, and incentives that would support widescale adoption and participation.

"It is a classic network effect," he says. "Greater participation yields greater individual and societal benefit. It needs a critical mass to really take off, and hopefully we can build some tools to help move the market in that direction."

In his research, Defourny will study control mechanisms, contracts, and transaction environments that will enable optimal pooling of clean energy. Hopefully, this leads to a based upon short-term, "on demand" transactions. "If a windmill farm is capturing far more power than its owner predicted," he explains, "the sudden bursts of power should ideally be sent through the grid to the load centers where it is useful, thus easing the burden on traditional generation methods. This feat can be enabled by having more distributed devices plugged into the grid and willing to provide balancing services. Those who share capacity or provide flexibility for this purpose should be fairly compensated."

Defourny earned his doctorate and master's degrees in electrical engineering and computer science from the University of Liege in Belgium. He also studied piano at the Conservatoire Royal de Musique de Liege, and Japanese at the Centre d'Etudes Japonaises de l'Universite de Liege.

Before joining Lehigh's faculty, Defourny served as associate professional specialist with the Princeton Laboratory for Energy Analysis (PENSA) in the Operations Research and Financial Engineering Department at Princeton University. His research interests include stochastic optimization, robust optimization, machine learning, modeling and approximation, energy systems analysis, electricity markets, and operations planning.

Electrifying innovation at Lehigh

Defourny is a key player in Lehigh's INE research cluster—a collaborative, multi-faceted team of Lehigh researchers focused upon the interdependent flow of electricity, information, and money needed to operate what's popularly known as the 'smart grid'—a term that represents broad efforts across industry, academia, and government to incorporate and leverage modern technologies across power infrastructures.

The team's overarching goal: to meet while protecting the environment for future generations. "In a research area where focus tends to be dominated by traditional fields and perspectives, few academic research centers can do what Lehigh does," says Rick Blum, the Robert W. Wieseman Professor of electrical and computer engineering and director of the INE. "Boris' systems-level perspective on the business case for shared renewables is yet another great example."


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Nov 15, 2016
"Defourny earned his doctorate and master's degrees in electrical engineering "
--------------------------------

Really? And he calls them "windmill farms"?

We are already doing that in some places. Five of us here side-by-side have PV systems which feed the neighborhood in the daytime, when the power is expensive. No transmission, no distribution over a block away.

One neighbor is waiting for the time he can install battery storage. Me, too.

Nov 15, 2016
"Defourny earned his doctorate and master's degrees in electrical engineering "
--------------------------------

Really? And he calls them "windmill farms"?
Well he is the professor, and the PhD, and the PE and the real engineer. He probably also knows that electric cars don't use "capacitive sensors" to let them know they are about to bump into something. (When he lies about his electric car, he probably don't make those kinds of mistakes.)

Nov 15, 2016
@STOLEN VALOR LIAR-kam
And he calls them "windmill farms"?
he also knows you can't charge an EV at night using solar panels like you claimed
http://phys.org/n...gas.html

Most vehicles do not run 24/7, and can be charged when not running in their parking place.
Ours gets charged at night.
http://phys.org/n...car.html

and it is charged by my solar cells on the house.
http://phys.org/n...les.html

Ours is charged with our PV panels.
especially since you have no batteries, per your claims, and you also sell your PV power to the grid, per your own company info
http://www.pge.co...options/

http://www.pge.co...S_EV.pdf

http://www.seia.o...reements


Nov 15, 2016
Five of us here side-by-side have PV systems
Lessee thats 4 real and 1 pretend. But it gives us an idea where you get your performance info from.

Nov 15, 2016
Get help for your need to punish those who bested you.

Nov 17, 2016
I produce my power in the daytime, and have an agreement with the utility to trade power. I give them peak power exactly where they need it, with no transmission or distribution losses during the daytime, and take it back at night.

Do they have banks in the woods? Because some folk who hide there do not seem to understand the idea of banking, saving and using later. It is part of something we call a society, where we all work together, and all benefit from it.

For some reason, that is a step too far for some to grasp.


Nov 17, 2016
"@STOLEN VALOR LIAR-kam"
-------------------------------

I suggest you end this defamation. The lies are too much, even for here, for you.

As one who actually served in the war, I resent you stay-at-home "patriots" who think you are better than those who served. You saw the records of my service, and even some of my awards, such as the one from the Air Force Flight Test Center, yet you simply cannot let it go that I bested you.

This thread regards renewable power, and I have it. I also have an EV and it faces its first checkup, after a year of driving - no oil changes, no filters. no gasoline fill-ups, no maintenance, and it runs on the Sun.

Want to discuss power? Let's go at it.

Nov 17, 2016
@STOLEN VALOR LIAR-kam
I suggest you end this defamation
it's not defamation if i can provide evidence that validates my claims
per the law, you are making a claim of an award and/or citation that you cannot provide the requisite legal paperwork proving you were awarded - therefore, per the definition of "stolen valor" i have made no libelous comments
http://legal-dict...famation

The lies are too much
then i suggest you stop lying or make good on your threat to litigate
I am game either way
Want to discuss power?
i tried that with you - you keep repeating the same lies over various threads (like you charge your EV with solar power - proven false by your own utility company in the links above)

feel free to "argue" - i presented facts that can be checked and validated

you presented claims that are refuted by the evidence

technically, that is called a LIE

so, per your request to clean up the site...

:-)

Nov 17, 2016
This thread regards renewable power, and I have it. I also have an EV and it faces its first checkup, after a year of driving - no oil changes, no filters. no gasoline fill-ups, no maintenance, and it runs on the Sun
So why is there no record of it at the DMV as ira discovered?

Nov 17, 2016
The decentralization of power sources serves the interests of both liberals, who think we are all in this together and should help each other, and conservatives who think whoever gets the most stuff wins the zero-sum game.

Both win in a diversified and distributed power system. Having access to the grid allows me to generate PV power in the daytime, and run my meter backwards. At night, I take it out, and the meter runs forward.

A decentralized grid means you can participate in either finding the best way to get your power, or make it yourself, and trade for it, like I do. Everybody gets to play the game, and we all win with the competition.

Nov 17, 2016
"So why is there no record of it at the DMV as ira discovered?"
-----------------------

Go check for yourself.

Then you can rub Ira's nose in it.

Why do you hide behind a pseudonym and a cut-out?

Nov 17, 2016
@STOLEN VALOR LIAR-kam
Why do you hide behind a pseudonym and a cut-out?
Simple Definition of pseudonym = a name that someone (such as a writer) uses instead of his or her real name
http://www.merria...seudonym

your mother did not name you gkam, nor is it on your license, CAC, ID, DD214, 201 file or IRS forms
liberals, who think we are all in this together and should help each other, and conservatives who think whoever gets the most stuff wins the zero-sum game
those are your definitions

regular definitions (with country annotation) should be used if you want to convey a message that is not subjective to interpretations
http://www.merria.../liberal

http://www.merria...ervative

whereas i can agree with your last comment about "A decentralized grid" (only), the rest of your post(s) are subjective and off-topic sloganeering from atypical perspectives driven by ignorance and hate

Nov 17, 2016
Then you can rub Ira's nose in it.
Skippy, why you always are telling other peoples to do your doing for you? Otto-Skippy might not be planning any trips to Louisiana to rub anything with me. And I am pretty sure you don't want to do that either. Not everybody down here is nice like me and you might find some trouble while you ask for directions.

Why do you hide behind a pseudonym and a cut-out?
Because maybe he is not stupid like you are. That's how we find that you don't really have the electric car or the solar panes either. (And find out that in your free time you like to prance around wearing a silly looking pointy cap, yeah,,, the one with stars and moons on him.)

Nov 17, 2016
Stupid? You could not even find my EV at the California DMV.

Or did you check the one in Louisiana, the state which gets 40% of its entire spending as welfare from the Blue States through the federal government?

And you thought the importance of earning Airman of the Month of the Air Force Flight Test Center at Edwards was the savings bond and the speech to the Rotary. It is that entire shallow level of thinking, of living, which is betrayed by your personal comments.

Renewable electric power. Yum!

You oughta try it.

Nov 17, 2016
Stupid? You could not even find my EV at the California DMV.
Well it's kinda hard to find if it does not exist, eh?

Or did you check the one in Louisiana, the state which gets 40% of its entire spending as welfare from the Blue States through the federal government?
Now you done gone off the deep end Cher. Are you trying to tell me you registered your car in Louisiana? Well I will check and at least here it is free for me to do that. P'tit boug, you are really a natural born moron, not even the pot can make somebody that stupid.

And you thought the importance of earning Airman of the Month of the Air Force Flight Test Center at Edwards was the savings bond and the speech to the Rotary
Other than the free night at the Motel Six, I did not see where they gave you anything more than that. Did they have a secret prize that nobody is supposed to know about?

Nov 18, 2016
Ira, you forgot my picture on the front page of the newspaper of the Flight Test Center. Where's yours?

But the award was the reward - being the top performer at the Flight Test Center out of the thousands. And the competition included not only the base itself, but the tenant units on base, such as Smokey Joe (U-2), the SR-71 group and the YF-12A Blackbirds, the F-111 prototypes, Rocket Propulsion Labs, NASA, Test Pilot School, XB-70s and many more, including our auxiliary airfields such as Groom Lake, called Area 51 by civilians.

You just saw the savings bond. Thanks for exposing your level.

To the rest of you, I apologize for having to defend myself here. I would rather be discussing how diversification and distribution of power sources can be a win for everybody.

Nov 18, 2016
Go check for yourself.

Then you can rub Ira's nose in it.

Why do you hide behind a pseudonym and a cut-out?
1) I trust ira when he says he checked and there's no record and 2) george kamburoff has proven that he lies for fun and profit. Why do you do it george? Why do you send proof that your honorary store-bought MS had nothing to do with environmental mgt or ecoscience?
To the rest of you, I apologize for having to defend myself here
You have to defend yourself here because 1) you're here to brag about things you never did and never learned and 2) you think this makes the facts you make up true.

Mods:
We're all getting a little tired of wasting all this time here with gkam. This has been going on for months. He really doesn't belong here.

Read the above post and understand that there are 100 just like it here clogging up thread after thread.

Please get rid of this sicko.

Nov 18, 2016
More attacks from the anonymous snipers here.

Does physorg not understand they are complicit in my defamation by the snipers otto and Ira and Stumpy? How do we get this forum back to science?

Meanwhile I am doing something about clean power. Those who only blabber here take offense at those who put their money where it ought to be. Words are cheap. Owning up to them takes maturity.

Nov 18, 2016
@STOLEN VALOR LIAR-kam
Does physorg not understand they are complicit in my defamation by the snipers otto and Ira and Stumpy?
if you can prove defamation, you should definitely consider seeking professional services and litigate

i wholeheartedly support that and will freely accept any summons
How do we get this forum back to science?
1- post a claim that can be supported by evidence

2- link or reference the evidence that supports your claim

3- quit making blatantly false claims that are not about science (you know, like "bush wars" etc?)

4- quit lying
Words are cheap. Owning up to them takes maturity
then you should own up to your own blatant false claims (AKA- LIES) and simply change your tactics to the above, as i tried to tell you so long ago

.

so, per your own request...

Nov 18, 2016
Draft-dodging Rumpy,

Where is your proof of anything? Your hate comes from the fact I revealed you as a stay-at-home "patriot", not a veteran. You saw the military websites with my name and picture on them, where are yours?

Please outgrow this terrible fixation and need to punish.

Let's get back to alternative power. What do you do with the acid and lead-poisoned materials from your battery storage?

Nov 18, 2016
Let's get back to alternative power. What do you do with the acid and lead-poisoned materials from your battery storage?
What you mean is getting back to lying and making up facts without being called for it.

That's never going to happen.

And the mods here will have to know that these threads will be filling up with such crud as long as you're here.

They're complicit in your trolling this site every day.

Nov 18, 2016
@STOLEN VALOR LIAR-kam
Draft-dodging
technically, that is called libel
Where is your proof
if you knew how to read or click on links you would be able to see it above

feel free to litigate since you can't actually figure out how to utilise links/references here

i welcome the chance to see you in court
I revealed you as a stay-at-home "patriot", not a veteran
1- epic fail - the evidence that proves your stolen valor and my enlistment in the combat arms is here - my MOS= not redacted: http://s1027.phot...p;page=1

2- if you could prove anything you would have sued or linked it here
LOL

feel free to actually make good on your attempted bullying threat
Let's get back to alternative power. What do you do with the acid and lead-poisoned materials from your battery storage?
for my home?

i was going to ship them to your house - it would be cheaper than paying to dispose of it

Nov 18, 2016
@STOLAN VALOR LIAR-kam cont'd
You saw the military websites with my name and picture on them
1- what does this have to do with "Let's get back to alternative power"????

more to the point, what does it have to do with your intentional breaking of the law?
as i explained re: UCMJ/AFI/AF regulations here: http://phys.org/n...ity.html

2- repeating your lies don't make them true
where are yours?
why is it relevant to your intentional lies continually posted to PO?
If you can't read the links/references above
AND
if you can't read the information e-mailed
THEN
why should i keep linking it here when you will simply ignore it and make the exact same claim again later on yet another thread where you lie?

.

so... per your request...

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