Americans who see God as 'a secure base' tend to be more committed, satisfied on the job

March 1, 2016
Credit: Peter Griffin/public domain

People who see God as a "secure base" for intimacy and attachment are more likely to be emotionally committed to their workplace and satisfied with their jobs. They also tend to see their work as a calling from God, which correlates to higher levels of job commitment and satisfaction, according to a Baylor study of working American adults.

"Attachment to God may relate to a sense of safety and confidence that encourages exploration of the world—and as adults, our primary form of exploration is work," said lead author Blake V. Kent, a doctoral candidate in sociology in Baylor's College of Arts & Sciences.

The study—"Attachment to God, Vocational Calling, and Worker Contentment"—is published online in the journal Review of Religious Research.

The research is an analysis of data from Baylor Religion Survey 2011, a national random survey about Americans' religious attitudes, beliefs and values that was conducted by The Gallup Organization. Respondents in this study included 860 adults who are full- or part-time employees or volunteers and who believe in God or a higher power.

While other studies have found a link between job commitment and such religious influences as faith-work integration beliefs and congregational involvement, the Baylor research differs in that it suggests that inner feelings of attachment to God rather than statements about God may relate to attachments elsewhere—as in the workplace.

From a management perspective, research has shown that employees' work experiences in previous jobs generally trump personal characteristics—such as age, race/ethnicity and gender—when it comes to effectively managing them after hire. The Baylor study, however, suggests that "divine attachment" may be viewed as a personal characteristic to be taken into account in the workplace.

"Research suggests that workplaces which allow their employees to engage in spiritual activity at work—even if it's just 15 minutes a day of meditation—tend to see boosts in employee ," Kent said. "What we're doing here is providing evidence that how people relate to God matters for their commitment and satisfaction at work."

For the research, "affective commitment" was measured by individuals' responses to such statements as "I really feel this organization's problems are my own" and "I do not feel a strong sense of 'belonging' to my organization," with answers ranging from "strongly disagree" to "strongly agree."

"This type of commitment is a measure of the emotional bond between a person and an organization, in which employees keep their jobs because they want to rather than because they need or ought to," Kent said. Such commitment is linked to lower absenteeism and conflict, lower turnover rates, and higher performance and productivity, previous studies have found.

The measure of "job satisfaction" as used in other published research is broader because many factors can affect satisfaction—among them pay, benefits, co-workers and bosses. Respondents considered two statements: "In general, I do not like my job" and "All in all, I am satisfied with my job." Their responses ranged from "strongly disagree" to "strongly agree."

Attachment to God may have a "spillover effect" as a buffer against negative emotions and experiences, thus helping people to cope with workplace challenges, Kent said.

In the study, a "calling" was defined as "a sense of work as a 'transcendent summons' for meaning and purpose in the workplace," he said. "The work may be seen as a 'mission from God' or as serving God, even if it is a very commonplace job without religious orientation."

Previous research indicates that a sense of vocational calling may sustain people amid difficult circumstances, Kent said. Individuals who feel called show higher levels of motivation, stronger coping skills, lower absenteeism and higher work satisfaction.

Types of attachments generally are formed in the first 3 to 5 years of life and affect an individual in future relationships with family, friends, romantic partners, God and . They include:

  • Secure attachment. "This is when the child knows the primary caretaker—usually a mother—is available to hug and hold you. That creates a certain confidence in the child to explore his or her surroundings but still be confident that the caretaker will be there when the child returns," Kent said.
  • Insecure attachment. "This is formed when the primary attachment figure seems cold or distant and is often unavailable for emotional connection," Kent said.
  • Anxious attachment. "These attachments are ambivalent," Kent said. "You feel that the caretaker is sometimes there for you with a lot of love to give, but sometimes they're not."

Theories differ about how a person's concept of God is developed. One theory is that one's view of God as caring, personal and responsive—or as impersonal and indifferent—mirrors the relationship with the main childhood caregiver. Another theory holds that a person's notion of God can change over time and compensate for a lack of attachment to others in early life.

Explore further: Church-going is not enough to affect job satisfaction and commitment, study finds

More information: Blake Victor Kent et al. Attachment to God, Vocational Calling, and Worker Contentment, Review of Religious Research (2016). DOI: 10.1007/s13644-016-0250-9

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mike74
4.2 / 5 (21) Mar 01, 2016
Sounds like complete nonsense to me.
"The Baylor study, however, suggests that "divine attachment" may be viewed as a personal characteristic to be taken into account in the workplace."

One more reason to support discrimination towards atheists, by proclaiming that theist employees would be more committed to their work.
dulcetpine
4.3 / 5 (18) Mar 01, 2016
Consider the source, Baylor university's mission statement is this: "The mission of Baylor University is to educate men and women for worldwide leadership and service by integrating academic excellence and Christian commitment within a caring community."

Of course they're going to say this, even if it isn't true... which like their good book, probably isn't.
kochevnik
5 / 5 (10) Mar 01, 2016
This from the university that bans interracial dating, holding hands, dancing and having beards
OldBlackCrow
4.7 / 5 (15) Mar 01, 2016
So ridiculous! Note that only full time and part time employees who believe in God or a higher power... No atheists need apply.

How did this get put in PhysOrg? So sad.
someone11235813
3 / 5 (6) Mar 01, 2016
God does not have to be a magic angry sky elf widower, God can simply be existence itself. If one sees oneself as not different from 'God', in the sense that one is not different from a cloud of atomic hydrogen, one is simply an emergent property of the physical laws that govern the self assembly of atomic hydrogen into helium, or a human being. Therefore it follows that seen this way ego is just a manifestation of an error of taking oneself for something other than what one is and with this attitude it follow that life is less stressful and easier. The problems of life are mostly human made and are stem from mistaking the ego for the self.
torbjorn_b_g_larsson
4.4 / 5 (13) Mar 01, 2016
This is a rehash of Templeton's old Baylor University funding. (Interestingly the planned 2014 survey seems to be AWOL.) [ http://www.baylor...id=93052 ]

All the material has been used to evangelize about religion, Ecklund not the least among them. The article is paywalled, but from the description here they didn't include a non-religious control group and if so the result is meaningless and skewed as propaganda - again.

Why do they even try to pawn off these 'social studies', and I use the term loosely here, when it is so blatantly an exercise in the old area of "how to lie with statistics"?

Yes, this is sad, as well as the magic peddler - which is oh so hard attempting, and failing, to claim that a magic claim isn't (pro tip: if your definition of magic is nature + something else = nature, you can cut out the 'else' and the supposed magic perspective with it) - in the thread. Why do they bother with peddling their useless crap?
philstacy9
2.3 / 5 (3) Mar 02, 2016
Ancient religions were the first conspiracy theories.
Phys1
3.8 / 5 (10) Mar 02, 2016
Dangerous religious propaganda.
khperkins
4.1 / 5 (9) Mar 02, 2016
From the abstract:
"Skip patterns built into the survey instrument reduced the number of relevant
respondents for this analysis in two significant ways. First, only respondents
indicating they believed in God or a higher power were asked to complete the
attachment to God items. Because of this, atheists were removed from the sample."
So no control group... Definite bias in this study.
obama_socks
1.4 / 5 (11) Mar 02, 2016
Dangerous religious propaganda.
- Piss1
Since when is the telling of Truth dangerous? The study regards individual devotion to God the Creator and its secondary effect on the individual's devotion to his work; which also spills over into relationships with family, friends, and country. Contrast that with the disgruntled employee who lacks any belief in God, thereby causing possible dissatisfaction with reality and the world around him.
This is not about religious fanaticism, such as radical Islam or Christians, Jews, and even atheists who have a misconception about the One True God, and due to such misconceptions, are unable to relate to reality in a positive way. It isn't merely the belief in the existence of God, but it is the Faith in God that sustains the individual and builds character due to that faith. Faith and belief are two different things. Belief without faith renders it empty.
obama_socks
1.9 / 5 (9) Mar 02, 2016
Sounds like complete nonsense to me.
"The Baylor study, however, suggests that "divine attachment" may be viewed as a personal characteristic to be taken into account in the workplace."

One more reason to support discrimination towards atheists, by proclaiming that theist employees would be more committed to their work.
- mike74
You are mistaken. There are many atheists who are also quite devoted to their jobs, therefore no discrimination due to lack of belief and faith in God is forthcoming from the employer. Work performance and dedication is paramount in any work environment, while personal religious, agnostic or atheistic beliefs are of no consequence as long as excellence in work performance and dedication are exhibited. Perhaps the study tends to reinforce the thought that the belief in SOMETHING or SOMEONE may encourage the individual to be a better person all around, that also is reflected in his employment.
obama_socks
1.7 / 5 (6) Mar 02, 2016
So ridiculous! Note that only full time and part time employees who believe in God or a higher power... No atheists need apply.

How did this get put in PhysOrg? So sad.
- Old Black Crow
Where did you get the idea that "no atheists need apply'?
This was only a "study" done by a University that is not a deciding factor for most hiring practices, unless the firm has a policy of questioning the religious beliefs or lack thereof. Even then, it cannot be a deciding factor, otherwise the potential job candidate could press charges of discrimination since such discrimination runs counter to the First Amendment.
obama_socks
1.6 / 5 (7) Mar 02, 2016
From the abstract:
"Skip patterns built into the survey instrument reduced the number of relevant
respondents for this analysis in two significant ways. First, only respondents
indicating they believed in God or a higher power were asked to complete the
attachment to God items. Because of this, atheists were removed from the sample."
So no control group... Definite bias in this study.
- khperkins
There was no need for a "control group". The study was done in regard to religious belief in relationship to the workplace and the consequences of those beliefs. Since atheists have no religious beliefs, they could not be included in the survey. Including atheists would have defeated the whole purpose of the study, mainly due to the absence of religious faith in God that may affect the individual's work life, etc. It's similar to Democrats only voting on a certain day where no Republicans are allowed to vote.
obama_socks
1.5 / 5 (8) Mar 02, 2016
This from the university that bans interracial dating, holding hands, dancing and having beards
- Kochevnik
I don't think that Baylor is a publicly funded University. It is privately funded and, as such, is not subjected to the same standards as those who are funded by taxpayer money. This complies with the First Amendment regarding religious freedom. Publicly funded Universities are accorded "freedom from religion".
61SD
4.4 / 5 (9) Mar 02, 2016
This is what happens when 'research' is done to prove an answer rather than answer a question.

These same conclusions could be said about not only any religion, but about anything that connects a person to something they perceive to be greater than themselves. Anyone will be more committed to what they do if what they believe that what they do matters somehow to the overall picture.

The WWII homefront worked the same way. People worked harder and were more committed to their jobs because their job in some way helped stop Hitler.
JCSamuelson
4.6 / 5 (10) Mar 02, 2016
There was no need for a "control group"...


If you don't understand why a control group is necessary, you don't understand how to do this kind of work. Without a control group to offset the results, they stacked the deck in favor of their preferred result. It's that simple.
Zzzzzzzz
3.9 / 5 (11) Mar 02, 2016
Life is better with obama_socks on ignore.
Zzzzzzzz
3.7 / 5 (9) Mar 02, 2016
Just reading a screen name like "obama_socks" makes one realize that you don't have to know a great deal about an individual to understand that they are literally begging for a life threatening thrashing.
TheGhostofOtto1923
4 / 5 (8) Mar 02, 2016
"Americans who see God as 'a secure base' tend to be more committed, satisfied on the job"

-And guess what? That STILL don't make him real.

Only useful.

Ignorance is bliss.
TheGhostofOtto1923
3.7 / 5 (9) Mar 02, 2016
There was this guy once who was selling this tonic that he claimed would make people feel more emotionally committed to their workplace and satisfied with their jobs.

He was very persuasive and the people who used it said that yes, when they drank it they really did feel more emotionally committed to their workplace and satisfied with their jobs.

And he sold lots of product.

But then they caught him filling his bottles with Dr pepper and after that it didn't work any more.

The end.
gculpex
5 / 5 (2) Mar 02, 2016
Maybe we (you) got the picture all wrong....
we are probably living in a reflection of the real world (holographic universe), so that makes us the imaginary and God real. Though there is nothing to connect the dots with, (or is there?).

As for the article, people that believe are more likely to stay the course (sheeple) than to look for a faster, easier way to their dreams.
This is a measure of trust for an employee/employer relations.
Phys1
4.3 / 5 (6) Mar 02, 2016
So ridiculous! Note that only full time and part time employees who believe in God or a higher power... No atheists need apply.

How did this get put in PhysOrg? So sad.
- Old Black Crow
Where did you get the idea that "no atheists need apply'?
This was only a "study" done by a University that is not a deciding factor for most hiring practices, unless the firm has a policy of questioning the religious beliefs or lack thereof. Even then, it cannot be a deciding factor, otherwise the potential job candidate could press charges of discrimination since such discrimination runs counter to the First Amendment.

Among others, State of Texas does not allow atheists to hold office.
Where is the First Amendment ?
https://en.wikipe...d_States
Phys1
3.5 / 5 (6) Mar 02, 2016
Dangerous religious propaganda.
- Piss1
Since when is the telling of Truth dangerous?

Your sense of humour is underdeveloped.
Also this is a strawman argument. I never said that telling the truth is dangerous.
I said that telling lies is dangerous.
The study regards individual devotion to God the Creator ... the disgruntled employee who lacks any belief in God, ...

So you consider atheists as "disgruntled". That could easily lead you to act in conflict with the First Amendment. Hence _dangerous_ lies.
This is not about religious fanaticism, such as radical Islam or Christians, Jews, and even atheists who have a misconception about the One True God,

You do not realise that this is precisely the religious fanatic talking.
kochevnik
not rated yet Mar 02, 2016
@ghost -And guess what? That STILL don't make him real. Only useful.
Really useful. A sufficient test for the average religionist
richardnunziata
4.4 / 5 (7) Mar 04, 2016
Baylor University is a private Baptist. So why am I not surprised of their findings. Just another tool for control of your mind.
COCO
5 / 5 (3) Mar 04, 2016
so stupid and uniformed translate to loyalty - does the army know that?
jeffensley
2.1 / 5 (7) Mar 04, 2016
Science says something about the benefits of faith/religion and suddenly we have a bunch of skeptics... lol.
obama_socks
1.8 / 5 (5) Mar 04, 2016
Baylor University is a private Baptist. So why am I not surprised of their findings. Just another tool for control of your mind.
- richardnunziata
Those who object to Baylor and its study don't fully comprehend the reasons for the study and its results. Since Baylor is a private learning institution and not funded by the taxpayer, the University isn't obligated to anyone BUT its students, parents and supporters. Why anyone would feel the need to make it their business what Baylor is doing or has done makes no sense. Is the U.S. turning into a Police State?
obama_socks
2.1 / 5 (7) Mar 04, 2016
Science says something about the benefits of faith/religion and suddenly we have a bunch of skeptics... lol.
- jeffensley
It's always that way in Phys.org. The atheists and God-haters come out in force at the mention of religion, faith and belief in God.
Old_C_Code
2.3 / 5 (3) Mar 06, 2016
i.e. Ignorance is bliss.
Anakin
5 / 5 (2) Mar 06, 2016
Sounds like complete nonsense to me.
"The Baylor study, however, suggests that "divine attachment" may be viewed as a personal characteristic to be taken into account in the workplace."

One more reason to support discrimination towards atheists, by proclaiming that theist employees would be more committed to their work.


There is a reason why the state always have and will support any church.
We others call them cheople.
Phys1
4.2 / 5 (5) Mar 06, 2016
@thumbsock
atheists are not "god-haters" by definition.
Phys1
4 / 5 (4) Mar 06, 2016
@thumbsock
Those who object to Baylor and its study don't fully comprehend the reasons for the study and its results.

I agree. It is not a university AT all.
Since Baylor is a private learning institution and not funded by the taxpayer, the University isn't obligated to anyone BUT its students, parents and supporters.

more a madrassa pushing intelligent design nonsense than a university
Why anyone would feel the need to make it their business what Baylor is doing or has done makes no sense. Is the U.S. turning into a Police State?

Police, where ? Are you simulating to be a victim?
Stevepidge
1 / 5 (3) Mar 06, 2016
Some of you drastically need to read C.G. Jung. Atheism ignores the powerful sub conscious in lieu of a Freudian interpretation of society and it's beliefs as ego driven.
Captain Stumpy
4 / 5 (4) Mar 06, 2016
Science says something about the benefits of faith/religion and suddenly we have a bunch of skeptics... lol.
@jeffe
1- soft science attempting to define a complex system (there will be issues and outliers)

2- some of us know the truth: i am a firm adherent to the Great Sheep who's flatulent emanations emitted the universe in the Great Expulsion most call the big bang
the Great Sheep tole me herself while i was sampling 'shrumes in the Alps, then she knighted me with a spork and told me to go forth and spread the good news... oh, and to stay away from Shepherds Pie, as it isn't Kosher, like a good ham and cheese

this i know, for my great Sheep has told me thus, and her LAW is inscribed in stone (well, it is crayola'ed ON stone, anyway till i get the $$ to buy a chisel...)
Phys1
3.7 / 5 (6) Mar 06, 2016
Some of you drastically need to read C.G. Jung. Atheism ignores the powerful sub conscious in lieu of a Freudian interpretation of society and it's beliefs as ego driven.

Nope, atheism does not.
Atheism means absence of belief in god(s).
simzy39
5 / 5 (2) Mar 07, 2016
I am very much for rational thought, and it is obvious the bible is man-made and that religion just attaches itself to those susceptible, the same as substance abuse. But there is some truth to this article, and hear me out. Basically, I was in a Christian Outreach Centre when I was 16 (ten years ago) because I had a weak sense of self, character and mentality. Everyone there were very dedicated Christians, speaking in tongues, attending bible study, and they really would keep jobs they hated or where they encountered scenarios that upset them. Currently, I find it important to enjoy where you work and I change jobs if I don't respect the people in charge, etc. But the people I knew, and the Christian sort of view, is to put up with it and influence those around by remaining positive and working hard like a slave so that they see 'the holy spirit' in you. Also, because God loves you and you will die and be in heaven and problems eventually end.
simzy39
5 / 5 (2) Mar 07, 2016
I just wanted to sort of explain that conflict in a workplace or other things that influence a person to change jobs or to want to take a day off may not always apply because you have a person convinced that the 'holy spirit' is in them and that God has a 'purpose' to their life/work place. The people I knew probably would have remained at the jobs I left. They are all very scary people, and you should never let them preach/rant.
Stevepidge
3 / 5 (4) Mar 07, 2016
Some of you drastically need to read C.G. Jung. Atheism ignores the powerful sub conscious in lieu of a Freudian interpretation of society and it's beliefs as ego driven.

Nope, atheism does not.
Atheism means absence of belief in god(s).


Vocatus atque non vocatus deus aderit
bschott
2 / 5 (4) Mar 07, 2016
2- some of us know the truth: i am a firm adherent to the Great Sheep who's flatulent emanations emitted the universe in the Great Expulsion most call the big bang
the Great Sheep tole me herself while i was sampling 'shrumes in the Alps, then she knighted me with a spork and told me to go forth and spread the good news... oh, and to stay away from Shepherds Pie, as it isn't Kosher, like a good ham and cheese

this i know, for my great Sheep has told me thus, and her LAW is inscribed in stone (well, it is crayola'ed ON stone, anyway till i get the $$ to buy a chisel...)


Wow....this explains everything. Sorry to have bothered you...I....didn't....know it was....like this for you. Just keep doing what the nurses say, maybe you can come back to us.
chileastro
3 / 5 (8) Mar 07, 2016
"Americans who see God as 'a secure base' tend to be more committed"
a study of mental hospital admission has demonstrated.

bschitt 1 /5 (2)

Wow....this explains everything. Sorry to have bothered you...I....didn't....know it was....like this for you. Just keep doing what the nurses say, maybe you can come back to us.


Eat shit and bark at the moon!
chileastro
3 / 5 (8) Mar 07, 2016
Old_Sea_Cod (1/240)

i.e. Ignorance is bliss.


We'll take your word for it.
Captain Stumpy
3.4 / 5 (5) Mar 07, 2016
Wow....this explains everything. Sorry to have bothered you...I....didn't....know it was....like this for you. Just keep doing what the nurses say, maybe you can come back to us.
@full-of-bs
this explains a lot about your fanaticism and conspiracist ideation, IMHO

you got expelled from school early on, didn't you?...maybe when you were 8?

you know, Monty Python and the Holy Grail is NOT a historical documentary, right?

(although, watching you post, there is strong evidence that "idiocracy" is actually probable ...especially considering your anti-anything mainstream stance because "conspiracy")

bschott
1 / 5 (2) Mar 07, 2016
Captain Stumpy, we now see the effort of covering up your issues has taken it's toll, but it's OK. You don't have to try to be normal anymore as you just came out to the entire forum with what is really going on up there in the old noodle. Just take your confidence in who you really are and enjoy life, as I said I had no idea what you were going through and would not have been so abrasive towards you given the multitude of mental problems that you clearly deal with from day to day.

Good luck and God bless.

Eat shit and bark at the moon!


See, you aren't alone in this....you and chilly easter bunny should exchange contact info.
Captain Stumpy
4 / 5 (4) Mar 07, 2016
you and chilly easter bunny should exchange contact info
@full-of-bs
i have empirical evidence the easter bunny isn't real: http://archives.r...16tg.jpg

she pissed me off because she dared challenge the great and holy sheep BAAAAAAAAAAAAAH

be forewarned, the great sheep doesn't like conspiracist ideation, anti-science idiots and blatant stupidity like you post

she told me so, personally... and she also told me to tell you something personal so you know she is real:
"Stop masturbating to troll remarks you leave here - you need to get a life and move out of mommy's basement"

PS - there really is help for your problem, bsTROLL

http://journals.p....0075637
bschott
1 / 5 (2) Mar 07, 2016
That's better. Although you seem a touch preoccupied by conspiracies and still look pretty shaky at judging others, glad you finally laid those demons about the easter bunny to rest though.

You may wish to speak to your counselor about the sheep....

"Stop masturbating to troll remarks you leave here - you need to get a life and move out of mommy's basement"


She's your mother???? Shit dude she likes watching....and tasting....now I really feel bad.

Tell her I appreciate the cheap rent but since we know each other I had to leave, thanks for the advice.
Captain Stumpy
4 / 5 (4) Mar 07, 2016
You may wish to speak to your counselor about the sheep
@bs
you mean about your mom?
why... is there something you're not telling us?
She's your mother?
i was created from the fires of lightning combining with water... i can prove it. it is crayola-ed on the holy stone
(which is far more evidence than you've ever given, BTW, and likely more reputable to boot! LMFAO)
Shit dude she likes watching....and tasting....now I really feel bad
you should, Oedipus... that is really sick AND illegal, i'll have you know
(you really should stick to someone not genetically close & related to you)
thanks for the advice
you are welcome

I was worried you might not get it, being illiterate and afraid of conspiracies and all that...
too bad you are not mentally stable... but then again, every site has it's own degenerate like you, i guess

good luck with that whole Oedipus problem...!!!!
l8er
bschott
1 / 5 (2) Mar 07, 2016
i was created from the fires of lightning combining with water... i can prove it. it is crayola-ed on the holy stone
(which is far more evidence than you've ever given, BTW, and likely more reputable to boot! LMFAO)


Can anyone get to Captain Stumpy's house and check on him?

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