Exploiting non-selective polymeric membrane for determination of ionic mixtures

January 25, 2016 by University Of Malaya, ResearchSEA
Figure 1. In-house developed potentiometry reader for multi-ions detection

Multiple sensing cells built from non-selective sensing membrane can be adopted to produce sensor signals that can be fed as variables into a multivariate analytical algorithms.

Multiple sensing cells built from non-selective sensing membrane can be adopted to produce sensor signals that can be fed as variables into a multivariate analytical algorithms. In one of the most popular chemometric approaches, the data is reduced to key principal components which plot the data scores on its principal axes or the magnitude of its vector (loadings). This approach is particularly suitable in the identification of branded formulations (e.g. perfumes, petrol), drinks (e.g. wines and juices) and fertilizer compositions. Adulteration or contamination present in the standard mixtures can be rapidly detected using this approach. Likewise, facile diagnosis on health conditions can be made based on analysis of body fluids, in which the samples obtained from the unhealthy subjects could easily be discriminated from the healthy subjects.

The key elements of this technology are based on printed carbon electrode which promises low manufacturing costs, high quality inert material and excellent substrate for highly reproducible doped conductive polymer electrochemical transducer (e.g. polypyrrole). Researchers at the University of Malaya, Malaysia, leverage widely adopted plasticized PVC membrane and self-plasticized acrylate which emphasize on the manipulation of durability, polarity, and softness of the membrane by exploiting monomers such as n-butyl acrylate and tetrahydrofurfuryl acrylate. Both plasticized and acrylate are doped with tetraphenyl borate function as anion exclusion agents.

In the early phase of this study, the intrinsic response of these membranes were examined in the absence of chemical agents in the initial stage (prior to addition of chemical agent and ionophore). In the following steps, a suitable amount of lipophilic borate with equimolar of ionophore are optimized. The optimized potentiometry cells are then repeatedly tested in golden standard calibration solutions (contain one ion only). These plots revealed chemical response - albeit low in preferential discrimination. Linking of unique signal patterns to standard mixture composition or branded formulation is the next crucial step. Numerous repeated cycles and replicates are executed in order to establish a reproducible bar charts. In the example below, steps heights of these mixtures (the steps between two bars) are taken as variables for principal component analysis for three standard fertilizer's formulation. In the final stage of this study, an unknown cation in the mixtures was identified using this method and more studies need to be carried out in order to confirm the source of the unidentified cations.

Figure 2. Score plot obtained from Minitab v.17 indicates grouping of known and unknown ions based on step heights between two bars

Explore further: Membrane “nano-fasteners” key to next-generation fuel cells

Related Stories

Membrane “nano-fasteners” key to next-generation fuel cells

November 9, 2015

Scientists at Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST) have developed a new way of making fuel cell membranes using nanoscale fasteners, paving the way for lower-cost, higher-efficiency and more easily manufactured ...

Stronger, longer-lasting fuel cell technology

April 13, 2015

Manufacturers of low temperature fuel cells need solutions for improving the strength, durability and manufacturability of a key component, the membrane electrode assembly, or MEA.

Versatile single-chip sensor for ion detection in fluids

November 24, 2015

Imec and Holst Centre (set-up by imec and TNO) have demonstrated a prototype of a single-chip electrochemical sensor for simultaneous detection of multiple ions in fluids. The demonstrator paves the way to small-sized and ...

Graphene, the finest filter

January 5, 2016

Graphene can simplify production of heavy water and help clean nuclear waste by filtering different isotopes of hydrogen, University of Manchester research indicates.

A multitool for cells

December 21, 2015

Cells have an infallible sense of smell that tells them which direction to grow in to move closer to the source of a scent. ETH researchers have now learned how this sense of smell works.

CO2 could produce valuable chemical cheaply

March 21, 2013

(Phys.org) —Researchers at Brown and Yale have demonstrated a new "enabling technology" that could use excess carbon dioxide to produce acrylate, a valuable commodity chemical involved in the manufacture of everything from ...

Recommended for you

Pigments in oil paintings linked to artwork degradation

January 17, 2018

Experts have long known that as oil paintings age, soaps can form within the paint, degrading the appearance of the artworks. The process significantly complicates the preservation of oil paintings—and cultural manifestations, ...

Designing the next generation of hair dyes

January 17, 2018

North Carolina State University researchers have created the largest publicly available chemical database of hair dye substances as a resource for developing a new generation of hair color products that are safer for consumers, ...

0 comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.