North America's tallest mountain gets new name—and height

North America's tallest mountain gets new name -- and height
In this June 24, 2015, photo provided by Compass Data/USGS, Blaine Horner of CompassData probes the snow pack at the highest point in North America along with setting up Global Position System equipment for precise summit elevation data on top of Denali in Denali National Park, Ak. The U.S. Geological Survey announced Wednesday, Sept. 2, 2015, that the new official height for Denali has been measured at 20,310 feet, just 10 feet less than the previous elevation of 20,320 feet which was established using 1950's era technology. (Blaine Horner/Compass Data/USGS via AP)

North America's tallest mountain doesn't just have a new name. It also has a new elevation.

Denali, the Alaska mountain formerly known Mount McKinley, is now officially 10 feet shorter, measuring 20,310 feet at its highest point, the U.S. Geological Survey announced Wednesday.

The previous measurement of 20,320 feet stemmed from a 1953 survey that used the technology of the time, officials said. The new elevation is the result of data collected from the mountain by climbers in June using technology that didn't exist in the earlier survey, such as GPS instruments.

The change is part of an ongoing USGS program to update elevations in Alaska and elsewhere. The agency has a program that uses radar to collect more elevations over large areas in Alaska, but the Denali survey was unusual because it involved actual ground measurements, said Kari Craun, director of the USGS National Geospatial Technical Operations Center.

"It's a very visible and important point for North America," she said.

The climb to gather the data from Denali began June 15 and involved one climber from the University of Alaska Fairbanks and three climbers from the private survey company CompassData Inc., USGS spokesman Mark Newell said. During their 14 days on the mountain, the climbers pulled equipment and supplies on sleds.

North America's tallest mountain gets new name -- and height
In this June 16, 2015, photo provided by Compass Data/USGS, two of the Survey team climbers continue their trek up towards the next base camp on Denali, with gear in tow. The U.S. Geological Survey announced Wednesday, Sept. 2, 2015, that the new official height for Denali has been measured at 20,310 feet, just 10 feet less than the previous elevation of 20,320 feet which was established using 1950's era technology. (Blaine Horner/U.S. Geological Survey/Compass Data via AP)

The change comes just days after the Obama administration announced its decision to bestow the traditional Alaska Native name to the mountain on the eve of president's visit to Alaska this week. The change to Denali—an Athabascan word meaning "the high one"—replaces the name that honored the 25th president, William McKinley, who never set foot in Alaska.

"We think this revised elevation, with a more precise measurement, is a fitting tribute to the name Denali," Newell said.

Known for its majestic views, the mountain is dotted with glaciers and covered at the top with snow year-round. Powerful winds make it difficult for the adventurous few who seek to climb it. Each year, about 1,200 climbers attempt to summit the mountain, with only about half actually succeeding.

North America's tallest mountain gets new name -- and height
In this June 15, 2015, photo provided by U.S. Geological Survey/Compass Data, a view of Denali is visible from the airplane as a survey team approached the Kahiltna Glacier to begin their ascent to the Denali mountain's summit. The U.S. Geological Survey announced Wednesday, Sept. 2, 2015, that the new official height for Denali has been measured at 20,310 feet, just 10 feet less than the previous elevation of 20,320 feet which was established using 1950's era technology. (Blaine Horner/U.S. Geological Survey/Compass Data via AP)

Using GPS instruments for the latest measurement provided more defined elevations than technology that was used in 2013 to calculate a slightly lower elevation. The 2013 calculation put the mountain at 20,237 feet, but it was done with the aerial radar measurements that fall short in pinpointing exact elevations, Newell said.

Elevation measurements taken outside Alaska involve a different aerial-based technology that is considered more accurate, Craun said.

The raw data collected in June was analyzed and processed to determine the new elevation. Officials said researchers had to take certain factors into account, including the depth of the snowpack at the summit.


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Citation: North America's tallest mountain gets new name—and height (2015, September 2) retrieved 12 November 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2015-09-north-america-tallest-peak-shorter.html
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