Designing a way to keep increasingly crowded airspace safe
According to a recent report by the US Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), airports across the country are seeing record passenger numbers. Along with that comes congestion at airport terminals and runways, causing delays and other problems—including accidents. The FAA report said if nothing is done to curb congestion by 2030, the busiest US airports will see problems rise dramatically. While infrastructure such as terminals and runways can be expanded or enhanced there's one piece of the airport real estate that can't be expanded: airspace.
As airspace becomes increasingly crowded with additional planes, and with the upsurge in vehicles like drones and other various aircraft, experts from the aerospace division at NASA say our current air traffic control system is not equipped to handle the predicted volume or variety of aircraft predicted for 2035 and beyond.
To overcome this challenge and ensure safe access for all commuters, HeroX and the Ab Initio Design element of the NASA Safe Autonomous Operations Systems (SASO) Project is asking for help in designing an airspace system that allows vehicles to safely and efficiently navigate dense and diverse future airspace.
"NASA is reaching out to the problem-solving community, asking innovators to cast aside the restraints of current transportation models and develop a clean-slate, revolutionary design and concept of operations for the airspace of the future," says a new challenge called "Sky For All" posted on the HeroX website.
HeroX is an organization that uses incentive prize challenges as a way to spur innovations to solve problems. Prizes for this "Sky for All" challenge will be have a total prize of $15,000, with First Place receiving $10,000, Second Place $3,000 and Third Place $2,000.
The problem is that experts estimate that twenty years from now, 10 million manned and unmanned vehicles may traverse the U.S. airspace every day, up from the current 50,000 operations per day.
"The U.S. airspace system evolved over time in response to accidents and changing technology," says the HeroX challenge page. "Current operations support approximately and boast the highest safety record of any mode of transportation, but this system has approached saturation and will not scale to accommodate future needs. Our goal is to build an airspace system that scales to 10 million vehicles per day (including personal air vehicles, passenger jets, unmanned vehicles of various sizes and speeds, stationary objects, space vehicles, etc.) by the year 2035."
To achieve this, a "breakthrough" in airspace system design and concept of operations is needed as new vehicles—such as drones of various sizes operating at different altitudes, commercial space launches, wind turbines in jet streams—are already being introduced into the airspace.
"We want airspace that can scale to full capacity under normal conditions and scale back to equally safe, reduced capacity under degraded conditions," says HeroX.
Innovators are asked to use a "clean-slate" approach of coming up with completely new designs and concepts of operations, and include ways to deal with issues such as protection from cyber-attacks and an ever-changing global environment.
This challenge is currently open to pre-registration and final guidelines will be posted when the challenge officially launches on September 22, 2015.
See all the information about the challenge here. Submissions will be due by November 17th, 2015, with the winners announced on December 15th, 2015.