GaN-based transistor blocking voltage exceeds 1kV

GaN nanoelectronics-transistor blocking voltage exceeds 1kV
Figure: (a) Schematic cross section and (b) micrograph of the fabricated vertically oriented trench metal-on-silicon field effect transistor (MOSFET).

Research reported in Applied Physics Express (APEX) describes the development of 'vertically orientated' GaN-based transistors with blocking voltages exceeding 1kV. These findings are important for the application of nitride devices in automobiles and related areas.

Low resulting in reduced power consumption and heating have attracted researchers to study GaN systems for nanoelectronics. Previous work has focused on laterally oriented GaN and AlGaN transistors, which readily provide a high mobility and low resistance. However these structures are limited in terms of the break-down and that can be achieved without compromising device size, which may make them unsuitable for automobile applications. Now Tohru Oka and colleagues at the Research and Development Headquarters for TOYODA GOSEI Co., Ltd in Japan show how they can overcome these limitations.

Oka and his team adopted the vertical orientation. Previous work has already shown that in this orientation the can be increased by increasing the drift region thickness without compromising the device size. However, so far these structures have still been limited in the blocking voltage that the device can withstand while maintaining a low on-resistance.

"We redesigned the thicknesses and doping concentrations of channel and drift layers to reduce the resistances of the epitaxial layers while maintaining a blocking voltage of over 1.2 kV," explain Oka and colleagues in the report of their work. They also use hexagonally shaped trench gates to increase the gate width per unit area thereby reducing the specific on-resistance. "These led to the excellent performance of 1.2-kV-class vertical GaN MOSFETs [metal-on-silicon field-effect-] with a specific on-resistance of less than 2 mΩ cm2," they conclude.


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More information: "1.8mΩ-cm2 vertical GaN-based trench metal–oxide–semiconductor field-effect transistors on a free-standing GaN substrate for 1.2-kV-class operation." Applied Physics Express 8, 054101 (2015). dx.doi.org/10.7567/APEX.8.054101
Provided by Japan Society of Applied Physics
Citation: GaN-based transistor blocking voltage exceeds 1kV (2015, August 24) retrieved 21 October 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2015-08-gan-based-transistor-blocking-voltage-1kv.html
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