The demand for edible fish bred in Finland exceeds supply

June 25, 2015, Natural Resources Institute Finland
Edible fish produced (millions of kg of uncleaned fish) and its real value (EUR million) between 1980 and 2014. The value is relative to the 2014 price level.

In 2014, some 13.3 million kilograms of fish were cultivated for human consumption in Finland. This represented a decrease of some 0.3 million kilograms compared to 2013. The value of farmed edible fish was slightly lower than in the previous year, the Natural Resources Institute's (Luke) aquaculture statistics reveals.

Rainbow trout is still the most significant species of edible fish farmed in Finland, even though its production volumes have dropped since its heyday in the1990s. Some 12.4 million kilograms of rainbow trout were produced in 2014, representing over 90 per cent of all the edible fish produced in Finland. A little under 0.9 million kilograms of European whitefish were produced, representing a decrease of some 0.3 million kilograms compared to 2013. A total of some 0.1 million kilograms of the other species of fish being farmed, including trot, arctic charr, sturgeon and pike perch, were produced. Some 0.4 million kilograms of rainbow trout roe were produced for food.

The value of rainbow trout produced in 2014 amounted to EUR 47.1 million, while the value of European whitefish totalled EUR 6.6 million. The value of all edible fish produced amounted to EUR 54.5 million, representing a decrease of some EUR 1.5 million compared to 2013. This change is largely explained by lower production volumes.

The majority of edible fish is produced in sea areas

As much as 86 per cent of the edible fish produced in Finland was bred in sea areas. Production in sea areas saw a slight increase, whereas production in inland water areas decreased compared to 2013. Åland produced 6.5 million kilograms of edible fish, while 3.9 million kilograms were produced in the coastal areas and archipelago of Southwest Finland. Some 1.1 million kilograms were produced in other sea areas. The edible fish produced in Finland's inland waters only amounted to 1.8 million kilograms.

Amount of European whitefish produced for human consumption (millions of kg of uncleaned fish) between 1996 and 2014.

The edible fish farmed in Finland was mainly consumed in Finland. Simultaneously, Finland imported 9.5 million kilograms of fresh and 32 million kilograms of fresh Norwegian salmon, Luke's previously published statistics on fish imports reveal.

"The demand for Finnish fish exceeds supply. Factors retarding the growth of domestic production include the breeding permits required by the Environmental Protection Act. These permits specifically stipulate where and how much fish can be farmed," states researcher Riitta Savolainen from Luke.

In addition to fish consumed as food, fish is also farmed in order to be planted in natural waters. Fry breeding is mainly concentrated in the regions of Lapland, Northern Ostrobothnia, Kainuu, and Central Finland. Some 56 million specimens of fry and crayfish – excluding newly hatched individuals – were produced for the purposes of stocking and additional farming.

In 2014, a total of 322 fish farming businesses operated in Finland. These businesses had 446 functional fish farms or natural-food farm ponds. Edible fish was bred at 164 of these facilities, and fry were cultivated at 99. Some 196 natural-food farm ponds existed in Finland.

Explore further: Wheat harvest larger than oat for the first time in a century

Related Stories

Wheat harvest larger than oat for the first time in a century

February 26, 2015

On the average, the Finnish grain crop harvest has been over four billion kilograms every other year in the 2000s. In 2014, this figure was exceeded for the seventh time. For the first time in the over hundred years that ...

Heritable variation discovered in trout behaviour

March 13, 2014

Populations of endangered salmonids are supported by releasing large quantities of hatchery-reared fish, but the fisheries' catches have continued to decrease. Earlier research has shown that certain behavioural traits explain ...

Increased use of medicines in Norwegian fish farming

March 5, 2014

The increase in sales of agents to treat sea lice infestations continued in 2013. However, sales of antibacterials showed a reduction compared to the previous year. Sales of anthelmintics showed a slight increase compared ...

Genetically tracking farmed fish escaping into the wild

August 20, 2014

European sea product consumption is on the rise. With overfishing being a threat to the natural balance of the ocean, the alternative is to turn to aquaculture, the industrial production of fish and seafood. But this raises ...

Recommended for you

EPA adviser is promoting harmful ideas, scientists say

March 22, 2019

The Trump administration's reliance on industry-funded environmental specialists is again coming under fire, this time by researchers who say that Louis Anthony "Tony" Cox Jr., who leads a key Environmental Protection Agency ...

Coffee-based colloids for direct solar absorption

March 22, 2019

Solar energy is one of the most promising resources to help reduce fossil fuel consumption and mitigate greenhouse gas emissions to power a sustainable future. Devices presently in use to convert solar energy into thermal ...

0 comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.