UTSA geoscientists prepare for October trip to the Arctic

UTSA geoscientists prepare for October trip to the Arctic
Blake Weissling researching in the Antarctic in 2007.

In October, UTSA College of Sciences faculty members Stephen Ackley and Blake Weissling wlll travel to the Arctic as a part of a project funded by the Office of Naval Research (ONR) to study the diminishing ice cover. The pair will join a team of nearly 20 scientists from around the world for the 42-day trip from Nome, Alaska into the Arctic Ocean.

Ackley has conducted research in the polar regions for more than 30 years and has a specific geographic location, "Ackley Point," named after him. Ackley Point is located on Ross Island, an island formed by four volcanoes in the Ross Sea, near Antarctica. This will be his 12th trip to study polar sea ice, conducted from either drifting ice camps or aboard a vessel.

An assistant research professor in the UTSA Department of Geological Sciences, Weissling has led UTSA students conducting ice research in the Arctic, the Antarctic and at Pico de Orizaba, a volcano east of Mexico City. Ackley and Weissling will travel on the "Sikuliak," an icebreaking ship making its maiden voyage into the ice.

Project leaders hope to develop methods to quantify how the ice is changing. Satellite remote sensing has captured how the ice surface area has been changing, but accurately measuring the region's ice thickness from above has been a challenge.

"The Navy is particularly concerned with improving its models for atmospheric sensing and for waves," said Ackley. "When the is taken away, then the potential for ocean waves builds up. The waves can be a major factor in any kind of economic development involving oil rigs, shipping, search and rescue efforts, and Navy operations. Large waves can also affect the native residents going out to hunt."

Weissling added, "We are going to be looking for storm events so we can measure the oceanographic, meteorological, and ice parameters associated with waves. We will be looking at how the are interacting with the ice edge, because the ice edge dampens wave fields dramatically."

UTSA geoscientists prepare for October trip to the Arctic
Stephen Ackley and Blake Weissling show the new Electromagnetic Induction Meter that will be used in the Arctic in October. Credit: Kris Rodriguez

The UTSA researchers are supported by an ONR research grant as well as a $500,000 Department of Defense instrumentation grant. They have used the instrumentation grant to purchase sophisticated equipment including radars, a light detection and ranging (LIDAR) system and two electromagnetic induction meters. LIDAR systems incorporate a remote sensing method that uses light in the form of a pulsed laser to measure variable distances to the Earth. The electromagnetic induction instruments will enable researchers to measure sea thickness within a few centimeters of accuracy, either on the surface or from the vessel.

Once the researchers return, they envision another two years of data analysis.

After the exploratory trip is complete, UTSA faculty members representing various colleges will benefit. Much of the equipment purchased has additional applications and can be used in the geosciences, civil engineering, architecture and archaeology.

Explore further

Texas researchers and educators head for Antarctica

Citation: UTSA geoscientists prepare for October trip to the Arctic (2015, May 13) retrieved 21 September 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2015-05-utsa-geoscientists-october-arctic.html
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.

Feedback to editors

User comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more