Diabetes drug found in freshwater is a potential cause of intersex fish

Diabetes drug found in freshwater is a potential cause of intersex fish
Rebecca Klaper studies emerging contaminants in freshwater systems, including the residuals of pharmaceuticals in wastewater. Credit: UWM Photo Services

A medication commonly taken for Type II diabetes, which is being found in freshwater systems worldwide, has been shown to cause intersex in fish -male fish that produce eggs.

A study by Rebecca Klaper at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee determined exposure to the diabetes medicine metformin causes physical changes in male fish exposed to doses similar to the amount in wastewater effluent.

In addition to intersex conditions, fish exposed to metformin were smaller in size than those not exposed, said Klaper, a professor in UWM's School of Freshwater Sciences.

The study, co-authored by Nicholas Niemuth, a researcher in Klaper's lab, was recently published in the journal Chemosphere.

Because intersex fish are particularly prevalent downstream from , many studies have investigated the effect of hormones from , Klaper said.

Initially, the results of her study seemed surprising since metformin is not a hormone and it targets blood sugar regulation.

But Klaper said it is also prescribed to women with a common hormonal disease called . The research in her lab indicates metformin could be a potential endocrine disruptor - a chemical that confuses the body's complicated hormonal messaging system, interrupting a range of normal activities, including reproduction.

Of the chemicals she has detected in water samples collected from Lake Michigan, metformin stands out, Klaper said.

"It is the chemical we found in almost every sample and in the highest concentrations compared to other emerging contaminants - even higher than caffeine," she said.

The prevalence of the chemical in samples led Klaper to investigate what effects the medication may have in the environment.

In a previous study, she exposed mature fish to metformin, and although there were no physical changes, she found the genes related to hormones for egg production were being expressed in males as well as females - an indication of endocrine disruption.

For the current study, the researchers monitored that had continuous exposure to from birth to adulthood. The next step is to determine the corresponding changes in the genome, which Klaper is doing at UWM's Great Lakes Genomic Center.

"We're now working on a paper that investigates the metabolic pathways at various points in the fishes' life to see what is changing

Explore further

Study: Diabetes drug affecting fish in Lake Michigan

Journal information: Chemosphere

Citation: Diabetes drug found in freshwater is a potential cause of intersex fish (2015, April 24) retrieved 22 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2015-04-diabetes-drug-freshwater-potential-intersex.html
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Apr 25, 2015
heidi, eat 1/4 pound of pureed apple seeds. To your health and RIP.

Apr 26, 2015
People who live with Type 1 diabetes suffer from an autoimmune disease, where the body has attacked the beta cells in the pancreas. There is no way Type 1 diabetes can be reversed. To say diabetes is reversible is unbelievably cruel. Would you tell a developmentally delayed child she could think her way out of her disability or tell a blind man all he has to do is open his eyes?

Charlatans try to sell "cures" to Type 2 diabetics, who want to perpetuate the myth that a poor diet caused the illness, when the cause is really a genetic disorder.

Finally, this story has nothing to do with Big Pharma. It's about Rx holders who carelessly dispose of their meds. But instead, you use this as a forum for your political agenda. I'd invite the webmasters to erase your heartless statement. You know nothing about diabetes and your statement sullies the reputation of thi

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