Transport trends depend on walkability to neighbourhood destinations

February 23, 2015 by Lily Yeang, Science Network WA
The walkability of a neighbourhood can have an impact on resident's health and use of transport. Credit: Francisco Martins

Data collated over seven years from the RESIDential Environments (RESIDE) study supports evidence that neighbourhood walkability (how easy it is to walk around your neighbourhood) is an important determinant of walking for transportation in Australia.

University of Western Australia Professor Hayley Christian says the study provides strong evidence of a causal relationship between the built environment and transport-related , which includes walking to or from somewhere such as work, public transport, shops or a cafe.

"People who had more access to different types of destinations like shops, services, work, school and parks were more connected to grid rather than cul-de-sac streets, and had more public transport stops did more transport walking," Prof Christian says.

"It appears that these features of the built environment encourage more transport walking, and not that people who walk more happen to live in neighbourhoods with these features."

Prof Christian says people living in neighbourhoods with mixed land uses, connected streets, access to public transit, and a diverse number of destinations, such as services, convenience stores and public open spaces, benefited from higher levels of local transport walking.

"We surveyed people in our study before and after they moved house and measured the changes in their neighbourhood environment and transport walking behaviour, so we could see what the cause and effect relationship is," she says.

"Our results highlight that features of the built environment can cause people to change their transport walking behaviour."

Prof Christian says the findings provide policy makers and urban planners with further evidence that certain features of the built environment may be important in the design of neighbourhoods to increase walking for transportation and meet the health needs of residents.

"The evidence suggests that community design affects travel mode choices and levels of walking and/or cycling, with mixed evidence on its impact on obesity," the Prof says. "Specifically, walking for transport appears to be associated with increased residential density, high street connectivity, mixed land-use and proximity to destinations."

Prof Christian says a number of individual, social and physical environment factors influence walking.

"Supportive social and cultural environments, as well as infrastructure that actively encourages walking and use of , are important for increasing levels of walking," she says.

"Creating pedestrian-friendly with access to local amenities and well-designed public open space has the potential to benefit health."

Explore further: Group effort generates more cycling interest

Related Stories

Group effort generates more cycling interest

December 23, 2013

Improving an individual's self-belief and social support are the most useful strategies to promote the uptake of cycling in Australia, according to a study of Perth residents.

Urban planners urged not to ignore city pedestrians

December 10, 2013

When most people think about urban transportation systems, they focus on infrastructure, including streets, subways and even sidewalks. University of Toronto researcher Paul Hess takes a much broader perspective.

Residents feel safer with walkable, retail space

October 8, 2013

The characteristics of walkable neighbourhoods have been explored for their associations with perceived crime risk and fear of crime in Perth's new suburban housing developments.

Recommended for you

Catalyst advance removes pollutants at low temperatures

March 25, 2019

Researchers at Washington State University, University of New Mexico, Eindhoven University of Technology, and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory have developed a catalyst that can both withstand high temperatures and convert ...

EPA adviser is promoting harmful ideas, scientists say

March 22, 2019

The Trump administration's reliance on industry-funded environmental specialists is again coming under fire, this time by researchers who say that Louis Anthony "Tony" Cox Jr., who leads a key Environmental Protection Agency ...

0 comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.