Golden Ratio offers unity of science

Golden Ratio offers unity of science

It is said to represent a "cosmic constant" found in the curvature of elephant tusks, the shape of a kudu's horn, the destructive beauty of Hurricane Katrina, and in the astronomical grandeur of how planets, moons, asteroids and rings are distributed in the solar system, to name but a few.

Now, researchers from the Universities of the Witwatersrand and Pretoria are also suggesting that the "Golden Ratio" – designated by the Greek symbol ∅ (letter Phi) with a mathematical value of about 1.618 – also relates to the topology of space-time, and to a biological species constant (T).

Jan Boeyens, a former Wits University Professor and now at the Centre for Advancement of Scholarship at the University of Pretoria, and Professor Francis Thackeray, a palaeontologist at Wits University's Evolutionary Studies Institute, present their latest research in scientific correspondence, titled: Number theory and the unity of science, published online in the South African Journal of Science (SAJS) on Wednesday, 26 November 2014.

Boeyens and Thackeray have a shared interest in how the Golden Ratio is expressed, from the of the cochlea ear-bone in a 2-million-year-old fossil hominin from the Cradle of Humankind World Heritage Site in South Africa; to the logarithmic spirals of inter-stellar galaxies, the structure of DNA, the growth of many plants, and even in the Periodic Table of the elements.

Thackeray investigates whether 1.61 is present in biology as an approximation of the absolute mean value of a hypothesised species constant (T) – associated not only with living species of mammals, birds, reptiles, insects and beetles, but also with extinct species (Australopithecus, Paranthropus and early Homo).

His argument is based on statistical analysis of measurements obtained from animals of the same species, whether vertebrates or invertebrates. "Zoologists and palaeontologists recognise the number 1.618 in the logarithmic spiral in the growth of mammalian ear structures (the cochlea), whether in modern humans or in australopithecines about 2 million years old. They recognise the same number in the growth structures of the spiral shells of certain molluscs. In addition, they identify the same value for spiral growth structures of fossil ammonites more than 65 million years old," Thackeray explains.

Boeyens researches questions that relate to the mathematical number (1.618) in the context of chemistry, physics, space-time, relativity and . Meteorologists recognise the number 1.618 in the spiral structure of hurricanes, while astronomers claim that the structure of certain spiral galaxies can also be identified with Phi.

Boeyens discusses the remarkable cosmic occurrence of this number with reference to space-time, relativity and quantum mechanics. He claims that concepts associated with relativity and quantum mechanics can be integrated, through the 1.618.

The researchers say that the "time has come to recognize that relativity and quantum theories can be integrated, and linked numerically to the value of a mathematical constant – whether in the context of space-time or biology".

Explore further

Nature follows a number pattern called Fibonacci

More information: Boeyens JCA, Thackeray JF. Number theory and the unity of science. S Afr J Sci. 2014;110(11/12), Art. #a0084, 2 pages. dx.doi. org/10.1590/sajs.2014/a0084
Provided by Wits University
Citation: Golden Ratio offers unity of science (2014, November 27) retrieved 19 September 2019 from
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User comments

Nov 27, 2014
been sayin' this for years, if anyone remembers...

Nov 28, 2014
Have to concur, for more please refer to the Asynsis principle, Constructal law & E8.

Nov 28, 2014
∅ is the empty set.
φ is the Golden Ratio
Φ is 1/φ

Nov 28, 2014
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Nov 29, 2014
This is numerology, not science. If you make measurements of many quantities and compute the ratios between them, then some of the ratios will be close to φ, purely by chance. Of course there are situations where the golden ratio genuinely arises, but it's not some kind of magic number that explains all of reality.

Nov 29, 2014
Moderators, please remove imido/Zephir again. His insane ranting about AWT is simply that: Insane ranting.

He is offensive to anyone that takes science seriously.

Nov 29, 2014
This comment has been removed by a moderator.

Nov 29, 2014
Jane, you ignorant slut.

Nov 30, 2014
trivial in dense aether model up to level
The geometry of particle packing is very universal in AWT
daw/aw is falsified with the following study

it shows that aw/daw is impossible and does not exist to a very high degree of accuracy: 10^-17
therefore your posts are nothing but pseudoscience and should be relegated to the trash bin or some other pseudoscience site where science is not welcome

you are offering no insights nor valid physics when you reference aw/daw, and the only evidence that you can give supporting it is self reference or links to reddit/pseudoscience sites

just like electric universe

Dec 01, 2014
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Dec 01, 2014
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