Australia aims to end extinction of native wildlife by 2020

An undated handout photo taken in November 2010 and released by the Charles Darwin University on June 4, 2014 shows a feral cat
An undated handout photo taken in November 2010 and released by the Charles Darwin University on June 4, 2014 shows a feral cat in the Northern Territory

Australia's Environment Minister Greg Hunt has pledged to end the extinction of native mammal species by 2020, with a focus on culprits such as feral cats.

Hunt said Australia had the worst rate of mammal loss in the world and the nation's "greatest failure" in environmental policy was protecting .

"Our flora and fauna are part of what makes us Australian," he said in a speech late Wednesday.

"I don't want the extinction of species such as the numbat, the quokka, the bilby, on our collective consciences," he said, referring to mammals that are little-known outside Australia compared to other marsupials like the kangaroo.

Hunt said the government had been putting in place a "different approach" to halting the extinction of native wildlife, including the appointment of a Threatened Species Commissioner to spearhead the efforts.

Australia has some 749 species of plants, mammals, birds, frogs, fish, reptiles and other animals listed as threatened under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act, with the numbers rising each year, Hunt said.

Over the past two decades, 53 land-based species moved to a higher threat category, but only 15 moved lower.

A study released earlier this year showed Australia's mammal extinction rate was the highest in the world, with more than 10 percent of species wiped out since Europeans settled the country two centuries ago.

A photo taken on September 11, 2009 shows a nocturnal male bilby at Sydney Wildlife World
A photo taken on September 11, 2009 shows a nocturnal male bilby at Sydney Wildlife World

Feral cats were identified as the main culprit, although feral foxes were also responsible. Other factors contributing to the extinctions include climate change, fire and habitat destruction.

Australian states and territories have separate threatened species lists and are "struggling with similar problems", Hunt said, adding that legislation is failing to arrest the declines.

"I have set a goal of ending the loss of mammal species by 2020. What's more, I want to see improvements in at least 20 of those species between now and then," he said.

The measures would focus on major threats such as those posed by , which number between 10 to 20 million across Australia and kill countless native animals every night.

Cats were first introduced to Australia by British immigrants in the late 1700s as domestic pets, but went wild and spread across the continent over the next 100 years.

One measure under consideration is the development of a "new, humane bait" called Curiosity, which Hunt described as a "potential game-changer".

Apart from tackling the feral-cat threat, Hunt said the government was committing Aus$3.3 million (US$2.9 million) to the recovery of the endangered Tasmanian devil.

A "Green Army" which plans to recruit up to 15,000 young people was announced by the government in August and will be involved in restoring koala habitats, managing pest animals and monitoring threatened species.


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Feral cats behind extinction of unique Aussie mammals: study

© 2014 AFP

Citation: Australia aims to end extinction of native wildlife by 2020 (2014, October 16) retrieved 21 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2014-10-australia-aims-extinction-native-wildlife.html
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Oct 16, 2014
Australia has huge problems dealing with feral cats and dogs that wipe out native wildlife. At times, the biggest problem is from those that can't get over the idea that cats and dogs are pets so we shouldn't be killing them. Groups of animal rights freaks get their propaganda machines running pictures of 'murdered' cats and dogs...

On the other hand, we see the damage from feral dogs on the agricultural community when newly born lambs and their mothers are torn apart.

Cats are supremely effective hunters of smaller native animals and have no real predators of their own to limit their numbers.

Oct 17, 2014
You know...one COULD read the headline another way...

...just saying.

Oct 17, 2014
The list of feral animals contributing to extinction rates in Australia is really quite extensive. Pigs, foxes, camels, cane toads, rabbits, deer, man... to name just a few.
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From my experience.feral dogs are predominately dogs not dingoes in Queensland. The use of 1080 and the dingo fence has pretty well kept dingoes under control.

Oct 17, 2014
Feral or wild dogs includes domestic dogs that have been dumped, hybrids between dogs/dingoes and dingoes. Dingoes include only pure dingoes... Dingoes might be dogs but that doesn't make all wild dogs dingoes...

Maybe take a moment to get the facts from an actual authority, rather than some unknown person on the internet: http://www.daff.q...wild-dog

We have a bit of a problem with dingoes nearby on Fraser Island and there has been some efforts to control their numbers but the hybrids and domestic breeds are a large part of the problem in Queensland.

It is just the usual uninformed nonsense and half-truth that comes out when controlling feral dogs is discussed.

Oct 19, 2014
Can't get any articles without the climate change issue being shoved in.

That says something about the mentality of the people posting this.

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