UN talks take aim at 'killer robots' (Update)

A mock "killer robot" is pictured in central London on April 23, 2013 during the launching of against lethal robot wea
A mock "killer robot" is pictured in central London on April 23, 2013 during the launching of against lethal robot weapons
Armies of Terminator-like warriors fan out across the battlefield, destroying everything in their path, as swarms of fellow robots rain fire from the skies.

That dark vision could all too easily shift from science fiction to fact unless such weapons are banned before they leap from the drawing board to the arsenal, campaigners warn.

On Tuesday, governments began the first-ever talks exclusively on so-called "lethal autonomous weapons systems"—opponents prefer the label "killer robots".

"All too often international law only responds to atrocities and suffering once it has happened," said Michael Moeller, head of the UN Conference on Disarmament.

"You have the opportunity to take pre-emptive action and ensure that the ultimate decision to end life remains firmly under human control," he told the meeting in Geneva.

That was echoed by the International Committee of the Red Cross, guardian of the Geneva Conventions on warfare.

"There is a sense of deep discomfort with the idea of allowing machines to make life-and-death decisions on the battlefield with little or no human involvement," said Kathleen Lawand, head of its arms unit.

The four-day meeting aims to pave the way for more in-depth talks in November.

"The only answer is a pre-emptive ban," said Human Rights Watch arms expert Steve Goose.

UN-brokered talks have done that before: blinding laser weapons were banned in 1998, before they ever hit the battlefield.

Automated weapons are already deployed worldwide.

The best-known are drones, unmanned aircraft whose human controllers push the trigger from a distant base. Controversy rages, especially over the civilian collateral damage caused when the United States strikes alleged Islamist militants.

Perhaps closest to the Terminator of Arnold Schwarzenegger's action films is a Samsung sentry robot used in South Korea, able to spot unusual activity, quiz intruders and, when authorised by a controller, shoot them.

Other countries in the research vanguard include Britain, Israel, China, Russia and Taiwan.

US and Philippine navy personnel launch an unmanned aerial vehicle from a speed boat off the naval base in Sangley point, Cavite
US and Philippine navy personnel launch an unmanned aerial vehicle from a speed boat off the naval base in Sangley point, Cavite City, west of Manila on June 28, 2013

As revolutionary as gunpowder

But it is the next step, the power to kill without a human handler, that rattles opponents the most.

Experts predict that military research could produce such machines within 20 years.

"Lethal autonomous weapons systems are rightly described as the next revolution in military technology, on par with the introduction of gunpowder and nuclear weapons," said Pakistan's UN ambassador Zamir Akram, warning that they would threaten world peace and security.

German ambassador Michael Biontino said human control was the bedrock of international law.

A Delta drone flies over the Chartreuse mountain range during a training session on June 20, 2013 in eastern France
A Delta drone flies over the Chartreuse mountain range during a training session on June 20, 2013 in eastern France

"Even in times of war, human beings cannot be made simple objects of machine action," he said.

The goal, diplomats said, is not to ban the technology outright.

"We need to keep in mind that these are dual technologies and could have numerous civilian, peaceful and legitimate uses. This must not be about restricting research in this field," said French ambassador Jean-Hugues Simon-Michel, chairman of the talks.

Robots can potentially be used in firefighting and bomb disposal, while robot vacuum cleaners and lawnmowers are already common.

"We believe that such technology is not only useful, but also contributes to a safe and sound life for us all," said Japan's ambassador Toshio Sano.

A bomb disposal robot takes part in a police graduation ceremony at a police academy in Tripoli, Libya, on January 1, 2013
A bomb disposal robot takes part in a police graduation ceremony at a police academy in Tripoli, Libya, on January 1, 2013

Campaigner Noel Sharkey, emeritus professor of robotics and artificial intelligence at Britain's University of Sheffield, said autonomy itself is not the problem.

"There is just one thing that we don't want, and that's what we call the kill function," he said.

One aim is to start sketching out the definition of a robot weapon.

US delegate Stephen Townley said the Terminator image was misleading.

"That is a far cry from what we should be focusing on, which is the likely trajectory of technological development, not images from popular culture," he said.

"The United States believes it is premature to determine where these discussions might or should lead," he added.

German Bundeswehr soldiers fly a Mikado drone at Camp Marmal in Mazar-e-Sharif, Afghanistan, on December 23, 2013
German Bundeswehr soldiers fly a Mikado drone at Camp Marmal in Mazar-e-Sharif, Afghanistan, on December 23, 2013

In 2012, Washington imposed a 10-year human control requirement on automated weapons, welcomed by campaigners even though they said it should go further.

Supporters of automated weapons say they have life-saving potential in warfare, for example being able to get closer than troops to assess a threat properly, without letting emotion cloud decision-making.

But that is precisely what worries critics.

"If we don't inject a moral and ethical discussion into this, we won't control warfare," said Jody Williams, who won the 1997 Nobel Peace Prize for her campaign for a treaty banning landmines.


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May 13, 2014
Armies of Terminator-like warriors fan out across the battlefield, destroying everything in their path, as swarms of fellow robots rain fire from the skies.

Read more at: http://phys.org/n...html#jCp


Coooool!!!
War Robotz!!! mate, that will be the next big thing: Drone combats!!! Anybody starting a kickstarter campaing?

They could be modular and break into parts when hit or something similar, easy to reasemble later and programmable !

May 13, 2014
War Robots are about as cool as seeing a Toddler get hit by a car. There is a real fundamental problem with War Robots. People and Soldiers must be led, and someone must be worthy to lead them. They can make moral judgements, they will not blindly follow orders, so therefore they cannot be made into monsters. Robots are just machines and will do ANYTHING they are told, including unspeakable things that would make even the most gritty war hardened soldier cringe. We need soldiers to have morality, or we will bring a hell upon ourselves, separating those with power from the carnage they create and leading to a harsh world. Watch Elysium one time, and tell me how you feel about robot warriors.

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