Helium shortage is on, and prices are up, up and away

September 3, 2012 by Joyce Smith And Lisa Gutierrez

A helium shortage is nothing to take lightly. Nothing funny, either, in how some are talking about their livelihoods, whether it's keeping those party balloons flying or those MRI magnets cooled.

"We take balloons seriously because it is our business," said Karen Williamson, saleswoman for the American Factory, a wholesale operation in Overland Park, Kan. "It's been happening for two or three years but in pockets.

"Now Kansas City has a helium drought," she said. "It is difficult to find helium, and when you find it you find that the price has increased incredibly. It's just unreal."

The lines of supply could be crimped through the end of the year, said Marty Fish, executive director of the International Balloon Association. "The equipment is not up to snuff, so when they can't pump enough or the lines go down, there is a blip in supply."

Add to that the higher demand for the lighter-than-air, inert element for high-energy accelerators, reactor coolant, aluminum arc welding in ship building, and silicon wafer manufacturing - driving ever more export sales of the gas - "and there just isn't enough on hand," she said.

While helium is widely found in the universe, the United States produces about three-fourths of the world's supply. Natural-gas fields from the Texas Panhandle to the Hugoton field in Kansas are especially rich, with the U.S. Federal Helium Reserve underground near Amarillo.

Supply is expected to increase by the end of the year as more plants come on line in Wyoming, Russia and Qatar, Fish said.

David Robertson, professor of chemistry at the University of Missouri-Columbia, said a helium shortage will have a dramatic impact on research and medical imaging.

An , for instance, may need at least 2,000 liters of helium to cool the magnet's coil to minus 452 F.

"There are research projects that wouldn't happen. You can't do the measurement if the magnet isn't cold. For the medical community it would come down to sharing instruments, allocating resources."

At least one local user of MRI machines, University of Kansas Hospital, reports that it is not experiencing a helium shortage, partly because "we're not using volumes of it," said spokesman Dennis McCulloch.

Balloon businesses have no problem with hospitals and medical research centers coming first in the helium hierarchy for their MRI scanners. But after that, they say they should be treated as any other commercial enterprises.

It's not just letting down a kid who is expecting balloons on their birthday, they say. It's about the balloon business owners earning enough to feed their own children.

At Brookside Party Warehouse, manager Jerri Brandon is getting ready for her big balloon season - Halloween through St. Patrick's Day.

She, too, has been paying more for her helium - "our prices, whew!" - but she hasn't passed that price increase on to her customers. Yet.

"We're not in the business to gouge our schools, churches and birthday kids," she said.

Brandon considers herself lucky to even have helium when, she said, "every floral department in every grocery store has run out and run out and run out ... we're going to sell balloons until we run out."

The skies over Lincoln, Neb., won't be as red Sept. 1 at the first Cornhusker season game against Southern Mississippi. In a tradition dating to the 1940s, fans at Memorial Stadium release red balloons when the team scores the first touchdown at each home game.

The typical launch of 4,000 to 6,000 balloons has been cut back by about half, said Ethan Rowley at the University of Nebraska's athletic department. They realized the problem back in May when graduation-party balloons were scarce. "We thought, 'OK, what does that mean for us?'" Rowley said.

"Our current provider has some helium, but the first priority is MRI machines for hospitals, then the construction industry. We understand that. They're predicting that they won't have helium for entertainment purposes until late September, October at the earliest. And that's being optimistic."

The school has eight to nine tanks of helium to use for the first football game. After that the balloon tradition is "going on hiatus," he said. "We aren't saying we're ending it."

Mike Baker, owner of Beaucoup Balloons, decked out the Power & Light District on Saturday for Sprint Family Fun Days, which had the theme "Bubbles and Balloons."

He used air instead of helium in the balloon decorations, noting the creeping shortage in recent years. "Our supplier said, 'Get used to it.'?"

In 33 years, Baker has decorated all kinds of events, from charity runs to the Kansas City Royals' World Series celebration in 1985. On Aug. 26, he's building two 50-foot balloon arches in Corporate Woods for the annual Head for the Cure Foundation run. They will need .

As a result, the arches will cost $600 each, triple the price of a few years ago.

Talking to suppliers leaves him, yes, deflated. On the list of priorities they seem to place the party industry as "the gnat on the tail of the dog of demand."

"It's been a humbling, heartbreaking time," Baker said. But he and other balloon boosters hope for relief by the biggest balloon blowout of the year - Valentine's Day.

Explore further: Dwindling helium supply prompting concerns


Related Stories

The world is running out of helium: Nobel prize winner

August 24, 2010

(PhysOrg.com) -- A renowned expert on helium says we are wasting our supplies of the inert gas helium and will run out within 25 to 30 years, which will have disastrous consequences for hospitals and industry.

Helium supplies endangered, threatening science and technology

January 2, 2008

In America, helium is running out of gas.The element that lifts things like balloons, spirits and voice ranges is being depleted so rapidly in the world’s largest reserve, outside of Amarillo, Tex., that supplies are expected ...

Recommended for you

Scientific advances can make it easier to recycle plastics

November 17, 2017

Most of the 150 million tons of plastics produced around the world every year end up in landfills, the oceans and elsewhere. Less than 9 percent of plastics are recycled in the United States, rising to about 30 percent in ...

The spliceosome—now available in high definition

November 17, 2017

UCLA researchers have solved the high-resolution structure of a massive cellular machine, the spliceosome, filling the last major gap in our understanding of the RNA splicing process that was previously unclear.

Ionic 'solar cell' could provide on-demand water desalination

November 15, 2017

Modern solar cells, which use energy from light to generate electrons and holes that are then transported out of semiconducting materials and into external circuits for human use, have existed in one form or another for over ...


Adjust slider to filter visible comments by rank

Display comments: newest first

5 / 5 (3) Sep 03, 2012
This is a direct side effect of a decades old decision by the US congress. They decided to begin selling off the US national reserve of helium for pennies on the dollar. That caused most of the companies producing helium to halt production and scrap the equipment they were using. They knew that it would be decades before the US reserve was emptied down to the levels specified by congress, and that they could never compete with the discount prices that were being offered (this was a republican congress, if that really matters).

Well, as of now, the reserve has finally been reduced to its new normal supply level. All these years of helium being sold for a tiny fraction of its cost are over. The estimates I've seen suggest that a single party balloon should cost about 50 dollars just to cover the extraction, storage, and transport costs of the helium used.

All I can say to the balloon industry is good luck. Health and rocket companies can absorb the new costs, but you can't.
not rated yet Sep 05, 2012
I consider balloons a complete waste of helium, so I'm glad they're being used less. We need to be saving this stuff up for millenia for cooling magnets and quantum computers. Frankly I've seen no more sure indicator of societal progress than the disruption of entire professions.

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.