Fishing fleet working 17 times harder than in 1880s to make same catch

The UK trawl fishing fleet has to work 17 times harder to catch the same amount of fish today as it did when most of its boats were powered by sail, according to new research.

Researchers from the University of York and the Marine Conservation Society (MCS) used UK Government data on the amount of fish caught and the size and number of boats involved - the fleet's fishing power - to analyse the change in since 1889.

They found that trawl fish landings peaked in 1937, 14 times higher than today, and the availability of bottom-living fish to the fleet fell by 94 per cent.

The findings are the result of a study using previously overlooked records and suggest the decline in stocks of popular fish such as cod, haddock and plaice is far more profound than previously thought.

The research is published in Nature Communications, the new online science journal from the publishers of Nature.

Ruth Thurstan, lead author of the study from the University of York's Environment Department, said: "We were astonished to discover that we landed over four times more fish into England and Wales in 1889 than we do today.

"For all its technological sophistication and raw power, today's trawl fishing fleet has far less success than its sail-powered equivalent of the late 19th century because of the sharp declines in fish abundance."

The findings suggest that the damage to fisheries is greater and has taken place over a much longer period than previously acknowledged, pre-dating developments such as the Common Fisheries Policy which are usually blamed for declining stocks.

Simon Brockington, Head of Conservation at the Marine Conservation Society and an author of the study, said: "Over a century of intensive trawl fishing has severely depleted UK seas of bottom living fish like halibut, turbot, haddock and plaice.

"It is vital that governments recognise the changes that have taken place. The reform of the Common Fisheries Policy gives an opportunity to set stock protection and recovery targets that are reflective of the historical productivity of the sea."

The study calculated 'landings of fish per unit of fishing power' (LPUP) from 1889 to 2007 to give an indication of changes in the amount of fish available for capture by the fishing fleet. In that time, LPUP declined 500 times for halibut, more than 100 times for haddock and more than 20 times for plaice, wolffish, hake and ling. Cod has declined by 87 per cent.

Professor Callum Roberts, from the University of York's Environment Department, said: "This research makes clear that the state of UK bottom fisheries - and by implication European fisheries, since the fishing grounds are shared - is far worse than even the most pessimistic of assessments currently in circulation.

"European fish stock assessments, and the management targets based on them, go back only 20 to 40 years. These results should supply an important corrective to the short-termism inherent in management today."

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May 04, 2010
It's time to start treating all natural resources as farmable, including fish. Leave the wild ones be and create industrial fisheries, just do it properly and try not to bang up the local environments.

May 04, 2010
That's right, point the finger at the U.K. They don't even have a constitution - "partly statutes, partly common law and practice", according to the CIA World Factbook. That's so that some people can get away with murder. Murder of the fishes is just one example.

It's a tragedy world-wide, and no-one wants to address the problem where it starts - with the fishermen! We could always eat tofu or soyfish! Oh, what the heck, let them eat their bottom-feeders. It'll all come back at them through their free health-care system when they all come down with heavy metal poisoning.

May 04, 2010
And the stupid monkeys will keep eating fish until it's gone.

May 04, 2010
Here in and around Chicago, the Midwest US of A, we have 14% of the world's drinkable freshwater which we are only recently discovering is a resource worth protecting.

There used to be "too much" fish in lake Michigan so we overfished them so as to have nice beaches that weren't smelly with dead fish. Tourists don't like that.

Here is an article about how we treated our sturgeon fish for your digestion, http://www.miseag...eon.html

May 05, 2010
Over fishing in this location is just a symptom of the world wide overfishing in every country and between.

Farming the sea which is on the increase will continue to increase and wild populations of fish will face the same problems as wild populations on land.

This will lead to widespread extinction and otherwise vast reductions in habitat.

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