An electrifying discovery: New material to harvest electricity from body movements

An electrifying discovery: New material to harvest electricity from body movements
"Piezo-rubber," super-thin films that harvest energy from motion, could be worn on the body or implanted to power cell phones, heart pacemakers, and other electronics in the future. Credit: Frank Wojciechowski

Scientists are reporting an advance toward scavenging energy from walking, breathing, and other natural body movements to power electronic devices like cell phones and heart pacemakers. In a study in ACS' Nano Letters, they describe development of flexible, biocompatible rubber films for use in implantable or wearable energy harvesting systems. The material could be used, for instance, to harvest energy from the motion of the lungs during breathing and use it to run pacemakers without the need for batteries that must be surgically replaced every few years.

Michael McAlpine and colleagues point out that popular hand-held consumer are using smaller and smaller amounts of electricity. That opens the possibility of supplementing power with electricity harvested from . So-called "piezoelectric" materials are the obvious candidates, since they generate electricity when flexed or subjected to pressure. However, manufacturing piezoelectric materials requires temperatures of more than 1,000 degrees F., making it difficult to combine them with rubber.

The scientists describe a new manufacturing method that solves this problem. It enabled them to apply nano-sized ribbons of lead zirconate titanate (PZT) — each strand about 1/50,000th the width of a human hair — to ribbons of flexible silicone rubber. PZT is one of the most efficient piezoelectric materials developed to date and can convert 80 percent of mechanical energy into electricity. The combination resulted in a super-thin film they call 'piezo-rubber' that seems to be an excellent candidate for scavenging energy from body movements.

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Energy-harvesting rubber sheets could power pacemakers, mobile phones

More information: "Piezoelectric Ribbons Printed onto Rubber for Flexible Energy Conversion", Nano Letters.
Citation: An electrifying discovery: New material to harvest electricity from body movements (2010, February 24) retrieved 22 August 2019 from
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Feb 24, 2010
The new wind power? If every flapping flag were to include this new material, we could be proudly patriotic while generating lots of juice ... as long as there's a breeze.

Feb 24, 2010
Imagine the prophylactic apps. Call it "Power Rubber."

Feb 25, 2010
Another use might be directly measuring energy output during sport and athletic competition. Tennis is accompanied by information about the balls speed. What if soccer was accompanied by the energy used to kick the ball -- or 100m by how much energy each runner used? It would give a different -- and interesting new dimension to watching TV sport.


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