The SIAM Journal on Applied Mathematics is an interdisciplinary journal containing research articles that treat scientific problems using methods that are of mathematical interest. Appropriate subject areas include the physical, engineering, financial, and life sciences. Examples are problems in fluid mechanics, including reaction-diffusion problems, sedimentation, combustion, and transport theory; solid mechanics; elasticity; electromagnetic theory and optics; materials science; mathematical biology, including population dynamics, biomechanics, and physiology; linear and nonlinear wave propagation, including scattering theory and wave propagation in random media; inverse problems; nonlinear dynamics; and stochastic processes, including queueing theory. Mathematical techniques of interest include asymptotic methods, bifurcation theory, dynamical systems theory, complex network theory, computational methods, and probabilistic and statistical methods. The SIAM Journal on Applied Mathematics is the founding journal of the Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics. The first volume of the journal appeared in 1953 and the foundations and evolution of applied mathematics can be found within its pages.

### Improving geothermal HVAC systems with mathematics

Extreme weather events, water shortages, and other consequences of climate change have challenged—and compromised—energy infrastructure around the world. Increased energy consumption is threatening the longevity of a ...

### Should a political party form a coalition? Voters and math decide

Mathematical ideas and tools are often used to describe aspects of large macroscopic systems. Examples abound in areas as varied as finance to psychology. In a paper published last month in the SIAM Journal on Applied Mathematics, ...

### The mathematics of coffee extraction: Searching for the ideal brew

Composed of over 1,800 chemical components, coffee is one of the most widely-consumed drinks in the world. The seeds (coffee beans) from the plant of the same name are roasted and ground, allowing a flow of hot water to extract ...

### New SIR-Network Model helps predict dengue fever epidemic in urban areas

Mathematics is often implemented in healthcare and medical research. From health management to the bio-pharmaceutical fields, math modeling can be used to predict the spread of diseases, how to prevent epidemics and so much ...

### Statistical test relates pathogen mutation to infectious disease progression

Nucleic acid sequencing methods, which determine the order of nucleotides in DNA fragments, are rapidly progressing. These processes yield large quantities of sequence data—some of which is dynamic—that helps researchers ...

### Adaptive control techniques can help manage pests more effectively

As population growth, greater food consumption, competition for land use, and climate change pose challenges to world food production, managing loss of crop due to pests and weeds becomes increasingly important. While chemical ...

### Equilibrium modeling increases contact lens comfort

According to the Vision Council of America, roughly 75% of adults in the United States require some form of vision correction. Yet only 10% of Americans wear contact lenses. Studies estimate that one in four initial contact-users ...

### Improving musical synchronization with mathematical modeling

Music functions as a universal connector that pervades most cultures. More specifically, rhythm and synchronization - both within and beyond the realm of music - are forms of communication that stimulate brain activity.

### A model for autoignition in turbulent jets

Jets are rapid streams of liquids or gases that forcefully shoot into a surrounding medium. When ignitable substances are involved, combustion—rapid chemical reactions that result in heat and light—can occur. Combustion ...

### Sustained bacterial outbreak in mosquitoes limits spread of life-threatening diseases

Medical practitioners, such as those at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, frequently utilize mathematical models when determining how to best control the spread of mosquito-borne illnesses. Diseases such as ...