Symmetry violation and the origin of matter: Experts discuss absence of symmetry under time reversal

April 16th, 2013
About 15 internationally acknowledged scientists in the fields of theoretical and experimental physics from various prestigious research centers in Europe are meeting at the workshop "T Violation and CPT Tests" from April 15 to 16, 2013 in Mainz. The participants discuss the latest research results concerning the origin of matter. At the center of the meeting is the physical problem of symmetry breaking and eventually the question about the impact of the big bang on the creation of matter. The workshop is hosted by the MITP, an institution of the Cluster of Excellence "Precision Physics, Fundamental Interactions and Structure of Matter" (PRISMA) at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz in Germany.

Up to this point, it is not clear why more matter than anti-matter evolved following the big bang. Today, hardly any anti-matter can be found in space. When anti-matter is confronted with matter in the process of creation, anti-matter gets directly destroyed. The reason for this imbalance between matter and anti-matter is related to the violation of the so-called CP symmetry ("charge parity"). The CP symmetry claims that all processes in physics are equally possible when matter is exchanged with anti-matter and space-reflection occurs. CP-breaking processes, based on the fundamental CPT-symmetry theorem, also imply a violation of the transformation of time reversal (T).

At the MITP workshop, the participants discuss the first direct measurement of breaking time reversal symmetry in the system of neutral B mesons at the BABAR experiment of the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC) in the U.S. Moreover, the results from the Stanford test are being discussed in relation with symmetry-breaking experiments on time reversal in neutral kaon systems conducted at CPLEAR (CERN, Geneva) and at the KLOE Electron Positron Collider (DAFNE, Italy). Another thematic focus is set on discussing the sensitivity of current CPT tests and on the prospects of these measurements.

The current workshop is the second of its kind offered by the MITP this year. "Our events are an important component of our work to enable top physicists from all over the world to share their knowledge and thus arrive at new insights," explained Tobias Hurth, scientific coordinator of the MITP. Around 250 scientists are working together in the new research association which receives about EUR 35 million of federal funding over the next five years. PRISMA deals with fundamental questions concerning the basic elements of matter and their meaning for the physics of the universe. The MITP is one of the core initiatives of the cluster with the goal of establishing an international theory center. The next major event hosted by the MITP will be the workshop on "Theoretical issues of cosmic rays and photons from dark matter" taking place in Schloss Waldthausen near Mainz from June 29 to July 2, 2013.

Provided by Universitaet Mainz

This Phys.org Science News Wire page contains a press release issued by an organization mentioned above and is provided to you “as is” with little or no review from Phys.Org staff.

More news stories

Image: Hubble views the whirling disk of NGC 4526

This neat little galaxy is known as NGC 4526. Its dark lanes of dust and bright diffuse glow make the galaxy appear to hang like a halo in the emptiness of space in this image from the NASA/ESA Hubble Space ...

Heart's own immune cells can help it heal

(Medical Xpress)—The heart holds its own pool of immune cells capable of helping it heal after injury, according to new research in mice at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis.

Water purification at the molecular level

(Phys.org) —Fracking for oil and gas is a dirty business. The process uses millions of gallons of water laced with chemicals and sand. Most of the contaminated water is trucked to treatment plants to be ...

Seeing dinosaur feathers in a new light

Why were dinosaurs covered in a cloak of feathers long before the early bird species Archaeopteryx first attempted flight? Researchers from the University of Bonn and the University of Göttingen attempt ...

Making lab-grown tissues stronger

Lab-grown tissues could one day provide new treatments for injuries and damage to the joints, including articular cartilage, tendons and ligaments.