Of catalysts and chirality: Highly-selective growth of structure-specific single-walled carbon nanotubes
An electronic bucket brigade could boost solar cell voltages
If solar cells could generate higher voltages when sunlight falls on them, they'd produce more electrical power more efficiently. For over half a century scientists have known that ferroelectrics, materials ...
New Path To Solar Energy Via Solid-State Photovoltaics
(PhysOrg.com) -- Berkeley Lab researchers have found a new mechanism by which the photovoltaic effect can take place in semiconductor thin-films. This new path to energy production brightens the future for ...
Changing cellulose-forming process may tap plants' biofuel potential
(Phys.org) —Changing the way a plant forms cellulose may lead to more efficient, less expensive biofuel production, according to Penn State engineers.
Plant protein shape puzzle solved by molecular 3-D model
(Phys.org) —Researchers from North Carolina State University believe they have solved a puzzle that has vexed science since plants first appeared on Earth.
Cork the key to unlocking the potential of graphene
Scientists have taken inspiration from one of the oldest natural materials to exploit the extraordinary qualities of graphene, a material set to revolutionise fields from computers and batteries to composite ...
Less is more: Novel cellulose structure requires fewer enzymes to process biomass to fuel
(Phys.org) —Improved methods for breaking down cellulose nanofibers are central to cost-effective biofuel production and the subject of new research from Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) and the Great ...
Scientists discover rigid structure in centre of turbulence
Pioneering mathematical engineers have discovered for the first time a rigid structure which exists within the centre of turbulence, leading to hope that its chaotic movement could be controlled in the future.
Scientists crack code of critical bacterial defense mechanism
Scientists have combined chemistry and biology research techniques to explain how certain bacteria grow structures on their surfaces that allow them to simultaneously cause illness and protect themselves from the body's defenses.
Biomass analysis tool is faster, more precise
A screening tool from the U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) eases and greatly quickens one of the thorniest tasks in the biofuels industry: determining cell wall chemistry to find plants ...
Imaging with neutrons: Magnetic domains shown for the first time in 3-D
Although they exist in almost every magnetic material, you cannot see them: magnetic domains are microscopically small regions of uniform magnetization. Dr. Ingo Manke and his group at the Institute of Applied ...
Imaging complex domain wall structures in magnetic nanostripes
(Phys.org) -- Researchers from the NIST Center for Nanoscale Science and Technology and Massachusetts Institute of Technology have used the scanning electron microscopy with polarization analysis (SEMPA) technique to provide ...
Structure discovered for promising tuberculosis drug target
Researchers at Johns Hopkins have figured out the three-dimensional shape of the protein responsible for creating unique bonds within the cell wall of the bacteria that cause tuberculosis. The bonds make ...
A full-sized California-style home made of bamboo
A new type of eco-friendly residential house made of bamboo now stands in Changsha, Hunan Province, China.