Clouds' effect on sunlight energy at Earth's surface depends on the wavelength of light
Bouncing around from cloud to cloud, and down to Earth, sunlight's warmth is both enhanced and blocked by clouds. Atmospheric scientists from Pacific Northwest National Laboratory found that clouds' overall ...
Researchers create terahertz invisibility cloak
Researchers at Northwestern University have created a new kind of cloaking material that can render objects invisible in the terahertz range.
Trapping a rainbow: Researchers slow broadband light waves with nanoplasmonic structures
A team of electrical engineers and chemists at Lehigh University have experimentally verified the "rainbow" trapping effect, demonstrating that plasmonic structures can slow down light waves over a broad range of wavelengths.
A breakthrough for terahertz semiconductor lasers
(PhysOrg.com) -- Potential applications, says an engineering professor, include disease diagnosis and detection of concealed explosives.
Team develops nanoscale light sensor compatible with 'Etch-a-Sketch' nanoelectronic platform
(PhysOrg.com) -- University of Pittsburgh researchers have created a nanoscale light sensor that can be combined with near-atomic-size electronic circuitry to produce hybrid optic and electronic devices with ...
Laser-based missile defense for helicopters being developed
(PhysOrg.com) -- Protecting helicopters in combat from heat-seeking missiles is the goal of new laser technology created at the University of Michigan and Omni Sciences, Inc., which is a U-M spin-off company.
Researchers make magnetic fields breakthrough
(PhysOrg.com) -- Researchers at the University of Dundee have made a breakthrough in the study of magnetic fields, which enhances our understanding of how stars, including the Sun, work.
Fully epitaxial microcavities: Open the door to quantum optoelectronic effects in the GaN-based system
For the very first time, a team of researchers in Germany has introduced quantum dots in fully epitaxial nitride laser structures without the need for hybrid systems -- effectively eliminating the cumbersome method of combining ...
Novel negative-index metamaterial that responds to visible light designed
A group of scientists led by researchers from the California Institute of Technology has engineered a type of artificial optical material—a metamaterial—with a particular three-dimensional structure such ...
Berkeley Researchers Light Up White OLEDs
(PhysOrg.com) -- Light-emitting diodes, which employ semiconductors to produce artificial light, could reduce electricity consumption and lighten the impact of greenhouse gas emissions. However, moving this ...
Turning metal black more than just a novelty
(PhysOrg.com) -- University of Rochester optics professor Chunlei Guo made headlines in the past couple of years when he changed the color of everyday metals by scouring their surfaces with precise, high-intensity laser bursts.
Researchers Identify Key Molecules in Photosynthesis
(PhysOrg.com) -- Chemistry professor Harry Frank led an international group of researchers that identified the molecules in algae which direct the organisms to convert sunlight into oxygen. The findings may ...
Scientists Build First 'Frequency Comb' To Display Visible 'Teeth'
(PhysOrg.com) -- Finally, an optical frequency comb that visibly lives up to its name. Scientists at the University of Konstanz in Germany and the National Institute of Standards and Technology in the U.S. ...
Mantis shrimps could show us the way to a better DVD
(PhysOrg.com) -- The remarkable eyes of a marine crustacean could inspire the next generation of DVD and CD players, according to a new study from the University of Bristol published today in Nature Photonics.